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Jinsil Park 1 Article
Cancer News Coverage in Korean Newspapers: An Analytic Study in Terms of Cancer Awareness
Hye Sook Min, E Hwa Yun, Jinsil Park, Young Ae Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(2):126-134.   Published online February 13, 2020
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AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Cancer diagnoses have a tremendous impact on individuals and communities, drawing intense public concern. The objective of the current research was to examine news coverage and content related to cancer-related issues in Korean newspapers.
Primarily using the database system of the Korea Press Foundation, we conducted a content analysis of 2806 articles from 9 Korean daily newspapers during a recent 3-year period from 2015 to 2017. Thematic categories, the types of articles, attitudes and tone, and the number of sources in each article were coded and classified.
Many news articles dealt with a diverse range of themes related to cancer, including general healthcare information, the latest research and development, specific medical institutions and personnel, and technology and products, which jointly accounted for 74.8% of all articles. Those thematic categories differed markedly in terms of article type, tone, and the number of cited sources. News articles provided extensive information about healthcare resources, and many articles seemed to contain advertising content. However, the content related to complex social issues such as National Health Insurance did not include enough information for the reader to contextualize the issues properly or present the issues systematically.
It can be assumed that the media exert differential influence on individuals through news coverage. Within the present reporting framework, the availability and usefulness of information are likely to depend solely on individuals’ capabilities, such as financial and health literacy; this dependency has a negative impact on knowledge gaps and health inequities.
Korean summary
암과 관련된 최근 3년간(2015년~2017년) 9개 전국 종합일간지의 보도를 한국언론재단 자료를 기반으로 조사 분석한 결과, 2,806개의 뉴스기사에서 일반적 암 정보, 최신 연구개발 소식, 병원 및 의료진 정보, 의료기기 및 신기술 정보 등 다양한 주제를 다루었다. 주제와 함께 기사 형태, 어조, 정보원을 분석한 결과, 암 관련 뉴스기사는 병원 및 의료진, 의료기기 및 신기술 정보를 중심으로 광고성 내용을 함께 포함하는 경우가 많았고, 건강보험 등 복합 분석이 필요한 주제에서는 심층적이고 포괄적인 분석이 드물고 내용을 단순화하는 경향이 있었다. 이러한 뉴스기사의 보도 틀은 암과 관련된 건강 및 질병 문제의 해결을 개인화하고 결과적으로 정보 격차 및 건강 불평등에 부정적 영향을 미칠 수 있다.


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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health