Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Supa Pengpid 1 Article
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Tuberculosis in Timor-Leste: Results From the Demographic and Health Survey 2016
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(2):115-122.   Published online February 18, 2019
  • 8,263 View
  • 290 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding tuberculosis (TB) in the general population in Timor-Leste.
In the nationally representative cross-sectional 2016 Timor-Leste Demographic and Health Survey, 4622 men (aged 15-59 years) and 12 607 women (aged 15-49 years) were randomly selected using stratified multistage sampling and interviewed.
Overall, 66.9% of men and 62.8% of women were aware of TB, 4.4% of men and 12.6% of women had TB courtesy stigma, and 83.3% of men and 88.6% of women reported intention to receive TB treatment. The mean±standard deviation overall TB knowledge score was 3.9±2.0 (out of 8) among men and 3.0±1.8 among women. In a multivariable linear regression analysis, among both men and women, older age, higher education, rural residence, and sources of TB information (family/friends, school/workplace, health care provider, Internet, television, and newspaper) were associated with higher TB knowledge scores. In addition, among women, higher wealth status and having heard about TB from the radio were associated with higher TB knowledge scores. Negative associations with TB courtesy stigma were found for urban residence and having heard about TB from family or friends among men, and for older age, higher TB knowledge, and TB information sources (family/friends and school/workplace) among women. Among both men and women, higher TB knowledge scores and having heard of TB from a health care provider were associated with intention to receive TB treatment.
This study identified socio-demographic risk factors for deficiences in population-based TB knowledge in Timor-Leste; these findings should be considered when designing TB communication, prevention, and control strategies.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Determinants of correct knowledge on tuberculosis transmission and self-reported tuberculosis prevalence among general population aged 15–49 years in Myanmar
    Pyae Linn Aung, Kyawt Mon Win, Htet Myet Win Maung, Kyaw Lwin Show, Seo Ah Hong
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(8): e0290470.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceptions of Tuberculosis in Indonesia: A Multi-Center Cross-Sectional Study
    Silma Kaaffah, Ikhwan Yuda Kusuma, Fransiskus Samuel Renaldi, Yovita Endah Lestari, Arik Dian Eka Pratiwi, Muh Akbar Bahar
    Infection and Drug Resistance.2023; Volume 16: 1787.     CrossRef
  • Tuberculosis related barriers and facilitators among immigrants in Atlantic Canada: A qualitative study
    Isdore Chola Shamputa, Moira A. Law, Clara Kelly, Duyen Thi Kim Nguyen, Tatum Burdo, Jabran Umar, Kimberley Barker, Duncan Webster, Sanghyuk S. Shin
    PLOS Global Public Health.2023; 3(6): e0001997.     CrossRef
  • An insight from National Family Health Surveys on changing trends in prevalence and knowledge regarding T.B. in India
    Ankeeta Menona Jacob, Jeni Jacob
    Indian Journal of Tuberculosis.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Dengue in Timor-Leste during the COVID-19 phenomenon
    Zito Viegas da Cruz, Afonso Lima Araujo, Alexis Ribas, Choosak Nithikathkul
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Stigma: The Perceptions of Tuberculosis in Equatorial Guinea
    Marta Vericat-Ferrer, Alba Ayala, Policarpo Ncogo, Juan Eyene-Acuresila, Belén García, Agustín Benito, María Romay-Barja
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(14): 8227.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of self-reported correct knowledge about tuberculosis transmission among men and women in Malawi: evidence from a nationwide household survey
    Peter A. M. Ntenda, Razak Mussa, Steve Gowelo, Alick Sixpence, Andy Bauleni, Atusayi Simbeye, Alfred Matengeni, Ernest Matola, Godfrey Banda, Christopher C. Stanley, Susan Banda, Owen Nkoka
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
    Ana Caroline Cavalcante de Menezes, Valdízia Mendes e Silva, Jéssica Lins de Oliveira, Mona Laura de Sousa Moraes, Tânia Maria Ribeiro Monteiro de Figueiredo
    Revista interdisciplinar em saúde.2021; 8(Único): 498.     CrossRef
  • The role of mass media exposure on tuberculosis knowledge and attitude among migrant and seasonal farmworkers in Northwest Ethiopia
    Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Getu Debalkie, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Sintayehu Daba Wami, Malede Mequanent Sisay, Destaw Fetene, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Temesgen Yihunie Akalu
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitude and practice towards tuberculosis in Gambia: a nation-wide cross-sectional survey
    Adedapo Olufemi Bashorun, Christopher Linda, Semeeh Omoleke, Lindsay Kendall, Simon D. Donkor, Ma-Ansu Kinteh, Baba Danso, Lamin Leigh, Sheriff Kandeh, Umberto D’Alessandro, Ifedayo Morayo O. Adetifa
    BMC Public Health.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effectiveness of the Environmental Health Services in the Primary Health Care Against the Prevention of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the Regency of Banyuwangi
    Rachman Setiawan, Endang Sri Lestari, Jojok Mukono, Endro Sukmono
    JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN.2020; 12(3): 211.     CrossRef
  • The Impact of Environmental Health Services in Primary Health Care on Improving the Behavior of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Banyuwangi Regency
    Sheilla Mufidha Wahyuningtyas, Endang Sri Lestari, Jojok Mukono, Endro Sukmono
    JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN.2020; 12(3): 181.     CrossRef
  • Awareness about tuberculosis and RNTCP services among rural people in Nalgonda district, Telangana
    Sreeharshika Dumpeti, KishoreYadav Jothula, NavyaK Naidu
    Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care.2020; 9(7): 3281.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health