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8 "Rural health"
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Original Articles
Postpartum Depression in Young Mothers in Urban and Rural Indonesia
Alifa Syamantha Putri, Tri Wurisastuti, Indri Yunita Suryaputri, Rofingatul Mubasyiroh
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(3):272-281.   Published online May 7, 2023
  • 2,774 View
  • 183 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Young mothers are vulnerable to postpartum depression due to role transition-related stress. Understanding the causes underlying these stressors is essential for developing effective interventions.
This study analyzed the 2018 Indonesian Basic Health Research data. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess postpartum depression symptoms in mothers aged 15-24 years with infants aged 0-6 months. In 1285 subjects, the risk factors for postpartum depression were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression.
The overall prevalence of depression in the 6 months postpartum was 4.0%, with a higher prevalence in urban areas (5.7%) than in rural areas (2.9%). Urban and rural young mothers showed distinct postpartum depression risk factors. In urban areas, living without a husband (odds ratio [OR], 3.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24 to 11.76), experiencing preterm birth (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 1.50 to 14.50), having pregnancy complications (OR, 3.03; 95% CI, 1.20 to 7.66), and having postpartum complications (OR, 5.23; 95% CI, 1.98 to 13.80) were associated with a higher risk of postpartum depression. In rural areas, postpartum depression was significantly associated with a smaller household size (OR, 3.22; 95% CI, 1.00 to 10.38), unwanted pregnancy (OR, 4.40; 95% CI, 1.15 to 16.86), and pregnancy complications (OR, 3.41; 95% CI, 1.31 to 8.88).
In both urban and rural contexts, postpartum depression relates to the availability of others to accompany young mothers throughout the postpartum period and offer support with reproductive issues. Support from the family and the healthcare system is essential to young mothers’ mental health. The healthcare system needs to involve families to support young mothers’ mental health from pregnancy until the postpartum period.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Qualitative Study of Perinatal Mental Health Services: Experiences and Perspectives of Health Workers and Patients
    Evi Diliana Rospia, Dwi Kartika Cahyaningtyas, Siti Mardiyah WD, Cahaya Indah Lestari
    EMBRIO.2023; 15(2): 216.     CrossRef
How Much Do Older Adults Living Alone in Rural South Korea Know About Dementia?
Mi Sook Kim, Dong-Soo Shin, Yong-jun Choi, Jin Soon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2018;51(4):188-195.   Published online June 19, 2018
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  • 145 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
This study aimed to examine the level of dementia knowledge of older Korean adults living alone in rural areas and to identify related factors.
A cross-sectional descriptive design was applied. The participants were 231 older adults living alone who were recruited from 12 of the 13 primary health care posts in the rural area of Chuncheon. Participants’ level of dementia knowledge was assessed using the Dementia Knowledge Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the t-test, analysis of variance, chi-square test, and Mann-Whitney test were applied.
Participants’ mean age was 77.3±5.4 years, and women comprised 79.7% of the sample. Over half of the participants (61.9%) had no formal education, and all the participants were enrolled in Medical Aid. The participants’ average percentage of correct answers was 61.6%. The highest rate (94.4%) was for the item “Dementia can change one’s personal character.” The item with the lowest proportion of correct answers was “Dementia is not treatable” (23.4%). Dementia knowledge was significantly associated with age, education, health coverage, source of living expenses, and dementia risk.
Dementia knowledge among Korean rural older adults living alone was relatively low. Participants’ misconceptions about symptoms and treatment could hinder them from seeking early treatment. The results of this study suggest the need for active outreach and health care delivery for rural older adults living alone in South Korea.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Estimates of Long-Term Care Utilization and Lifetime Distribution of Medical Cost for Dementia in Korea
    Seok Jong Chung, Jee Eun Lee, Dong Wook Kim, So Ra Yoon, Dong Gyo Shin, Moon Young Choi, Jun Hong Lee
    Korean Journal of Clinical Geriatrics.2021; 22(1): 22.     CrossRef
  • The Changes for Strength of Oropharyngeal Muscles in Patients with Dementia and Dysphagia
    Eun Kyu Ji, Hae Hyun Wang, Sung June Jung, Kyoung Bo Lee, Joon Sung Kim, Bo Young Hong, Tae-Woo Kim, Seong Hoon Lim
    Brain & Neurorehabilitation.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
A Qualitative Inquiry Into the Challenges of Medical Education for Retention of General Practitioners in Rural and Underserved Areas of Iran
Sajad Delavari, Mohammad Arab, Arash Rashidian, Saharnaz Nedjat, Rahmatollah Gholipour Souteh
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(6):386-393.   Published online November 1, 2016
  • 8,260 View
  • 162 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
General practitioners (GPs) retention in rural and underserved areas highly effects on accessibility of healthcare facilities across the country. Education seems to be a critical factor that affects GPs retention. Thus, the present study aimed at inquiry into medical education challenges that limit their retention in rural and underserved areas.
A qualitative approach was applied for the aim of this study. Data were gathered via 28 semi-structured interviews with experts at different levels of Iran’s health system as well as GPs who retained and refused to retain working in rural settings. Interviews mainly were performed face-to-face and in some cases via telephone during 2015 and then coded and analyzed using content analysis approach.
Iran’s medical education is faced with several challenges that were categorized in four main themes including student selection, medical students’ perception about their field of study, education setting and approach, curriculum of medical education. According to experts this challenges could results in making GP graduates disinterested for practicing in rural and underserved areas.
Challenges that were found could have negative effects on retention. Modification in student’s perception about rural practice could be done via changing education setting and approach and curriculum. These modifications could improve GPs retention in rural and underserved areas.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Identifying factors affecting dentists retention in deprived areas in Iran
    Mohammadreza Amiresmaeili, Majid Heidari Jamebozorgi, Azam Heidari Jamebozorgi
    The International Journal of Health Planning and Management.2022; 37(3): 1340.     CrossRef
  • Retention of dental practitioners in rural health services in Iran: Experiences from Kerman province
    Mohammadreza Amiresmaili, MajidHeidari Jamebozorgi, AzamHeidari Jamebozorgi, Morteza Arab-Zozani
    Dental Research Journal.2022; 19(1): 34.     CrossRef
  • Influencing factors on the tendency of general practitioners to join in urban family physician program: a cross-sectional survey on Iranian physicians
    Mohsen Bayati, Arash Rashidian, Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Sajad Delavari
    Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Challenges Associated with the Education of Family Physicians in Iran: A Systematic Review
    Abtin Heidarzadeh, Bita Hedayati, Mark K. Huntington, Mehdi Alvandi, Alireza Aarabi, Babak Farrokhi, Marzieh Nojomi, Somayeh Noori Hekmat, Roksana Mirkazemi
    Journal of Medical Education.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Evaluating the Current Status of Education in Family Physicians in Iranian Medical Schools
    A Heidarzadeh, M Nojomi, M Alvandi, A Mohammadi, F Mohseni, P Naghshpour
    Research in Medical Education.2022; 14(3): 29.     CrossRef
  • Self-medication Pattern and Prevalence Among Iranian Medical Sciences Students
    Nastaran Niroomand, Mohsen Bayati, Mozhgan Seif, Somayeh Delavari, Sajad Delavari
    Current Drug Safety.2020; 15(1): 45.     CrossRef
  • Preferences of Medical Sciences Students for Work Contracts in Deprived Areas of Iran: A Discrete Choice Experiment Analysis

    Ali Kazemi Karyani, Behzad Karami Matin, Parisa Malekian, Delnia Moradi Rotvandi, Saeed Amini, Sajad Delavari, Shahin Soltani, Satar Rezaei
    Risk Management and Healthcare Policy.2020; Volume 13: 927.     CrossRef
  • Inequity in the distribution of rural family physicians in Iran: a cross sectional study
    Rasoul Tabari-Khomeiran, Elham Ehsani-Chimeh, Ali Davoudi Kiakalayeh, Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Sajad Delavari
    International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare.2019; 12(4): 258.     CrossRef
  • Viewpoint: Primary care in Iran needs a paradigm shift
    Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Sajad Delavari, Sara Ghasemi
    British Journal of General Practice.2018; 68(670): 235.     CrossRef
Unsafe Disposal of Child Faeces: A Community-based Study in a Rural Block in West Bengal, India
Preeti PS, Sanjaya Kumar Sahoo, Dhiraj Biswas, Aparajita Dasgupta
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(5):323-328.   Published online September 8, 2016
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  • 172 Download
  • 18 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
A clean India is the responsibility of all Indians. One of the objectives of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Initiative) is to bring about behavioural changes regarding healthy sanitation practices. While large-scale programs in India have increased latrine coverage, they have to some extent failed to bring behavioural changes ensuring optimal latrine use, including the safe disposal of child faeces, which is a significant source of exposure to faecal pathogens. Hence, this study was done to explore child faeces disposal practices in rural West Bengal and to elicit the determinants of unhygienic faeces disposal.
Data collection was done using an interview method among the mothers of 502 under-5 children, following a pre-designed, semi-structured schedule during house-to-house visits in a set of villages in the Hooghly district of West Bengal.
The prevalence of unsafe disposal of child faeces was 72.4%, and maternal education, per capita income, and water source were found to be significantly associated with unsafe child faeces disposal.
This study draws attention to the unsafe disposal of child faeces in this area of India and raises questions about the efficiency of sanitation campaigns in rural India that focus on expanding coverage rather than emphasizing behavioural changes, which are crucial to ensure the safe disposal of child faeces. Thus, it is urgently necessary to strengthen efforts focusing on behavioural changes regarding the safe disposal of child faeces in order to minimise adverse health outcomes.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • No Child’s Play: Under-five Child Feces Management in a Rural Area of Bengaluru Urban District, India
    Anissa Mary Thomas Thattil, Twinkle Agrawal, Abdul Kader Surti, Stallon Sebastian, Kiyana Mirza, George Jacob, Farah Naaz Fathima
    Indian Journal of Community Medicine.2024; 49(1): 138.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Positive Deviance Approach on Promotion of Safe Disposal of Child’s Feces in Rural Tamil Nadu: A Community-Based Quasi-Experimental Study
    S. Nancy, S Gayathri, K. Mujibur Rahman, P. K. Govindarajan
    Indian Journal of Community Medicine.2024; 49(1): 46.     CrossRef
  • Exploring drivers of unsafe disposal of child stool in India using hierarchical regression model
    Margubur Rahaman, Avijit Roy, Pradip Chouhan, Md. Juel Rana, Pintu Paul
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(3): e0295788.     CrossRef
  • Decomposing rural-urban gap in unsafe disposal practice of child stool in India using nationwide sample survey data
    Avijit Roy, Margubur Rahaman, Pradip Chouhan
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Associated factors of safe child feces disposal in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from recent demographic and health surveys of 34 sub-Saharan countries
    Getu Debalkie Demissie, Muluken Fekadie Zerihun, Daniale Tekelia Ekubagewargies, Yigizie Yeshaw, Tadeg Jemere, Bisrat Misganaw, Amare Tariku, Asmamaw Atnafu, Biniyam Sahiledengle
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(2): e0281451.     CrossRef
  • Pattern of child faeces management and disposable diaper usage among under-fives in an Urban Slum of Bandung, Indonesia
    Lina Agestika, Neni Sintawardani, Umi Hamidah, Sikopo Nyambe, Taro Yamauchi
    Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development.2022; 12(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • Hygienic Child Feces Disposal Practice and Its Associated Factors among Mothers/Caregivers of Under Five Children in West Armachiho District, Northwest Ethiopia
    Moges Addis, Walelegn Worku, Laekemariam Bogale, Alebachew Shimelash, Eniyew Tegegne
    Environmental Health Insights.2022; 16: 117863022211147.     CrossRef
  • Contextual and psychosocial factors influencing caregiver safe disposal of child feces and child latrine training in rural Odisha, India
    Gloria D. Sclar, Valerie Bauza, Alokananda Bisoyi, Thomas F. Clasen, Hans-Joachim Mosler, Alison Parker
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(9): e0274069.     CrossRef
  • Interventions to address unsafe child feces disposal practices in the Asia-Pacific region: a systematic review
    Lauren Sprouse, Anna Liles, Ryan Cronk, Valerie Bauza, James B. Tidwell, Musa Manga
    H2Open Journal.2022; 5(4): 583.     CrossRef
  • Are children’s stools in Ghana disposed of safely? Evidence from the 2014 Ghana demographic and health survey
    Abdul-Aziz Seidu
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Geographical variation and factors associated with unsafe child stool disposal in Ethiopia: A spatial and multilevel analysis
    Biniyam Sahiledengle, Zinash Teferu, Yohannes Tekalegn, Tadesse Awoke, Demisu Zenbaba, Kebebe Bekele, Abdi Tesemma, Fikadu Seyoum, Demelash Woldeyohannes, Harvie P. Portugaliza
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(4): e0250814.     CrossRef
  • Unhygienic stool-disposal practices among mothers of children under five in Cambodia: Evidence from a demographic and health survey
    Pisey Vong, Pannee Banchonhattakit, Samphors Sim, Chamroen Pall, Rebecca S. Dewey, Alessandra N. Bazzano
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(7): e0249006.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with safe child feces disposal in Ethiopia, India, and Zambia
    Rachel Beardsley, Ryan Cronk, Wren Tracy, Lisa Fleming, Maybin Ng'ambi, James B. Tidwell, Musa Manga
    International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health.2021; 237: 113832.     CrossRef
  • A multilevel analysis of individual and contextual factors associated with the practice of safe disposal of children’s faeces in sub-Saharan Africa
    Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Kwaku Kissah-Korsah, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Louis Kobina Dadzie, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Eugene Budu, John Elvis Hagan, Srinivas Goli
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(8): e0254774.     CrossRef
  • Unsafe child feces disposal status in Ethiopia: what factors matter? Analysis of pooled data from four demographic and health surveys
    Biniyam Sahiledengle
    BMC Public Health.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Individual and contextual factors associated with disposal of children’s stools in Papua New Guinea: evidence from the 2016–2018 demographic and health survey
    Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Louis Kobina Dadzie, Ishmael Bukari, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Sanni Yaya
    BMC Public Health.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Determinants of disposal of child faeces in latrines in urban slums of Odisha, India: a cross-sectional study
    Fiona Majorin, Corey L Nagel, Belen Torondel, Parimita Routray, Manaswini Rout, Thomas F Clasen
    Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.2019; 113(5): 263.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and associated factors of safe and improved infant and young children stool disposal in Ethiopia: evidence from demographic and health survey
    Biniyam Sahiledengle
    BMC Public Health.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
Trends in Cigarette Use Behaviors Among Adolescents by Region in Korea
Nam Soo Hong, Keon Yeop Kim, Soon-Woo Park, Jong-Yeon Kim, Jisuk Bae, Won Kee Lee, Ki Su Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(4):176-184.   Published online July 29, 2010
  • 10,590 View
  • 63 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

Understanding recent trends in cigarette smoking among adolescents is important in order to develop strategies to prevent cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to compare recent trends in cigarette smoking for adolescents living in rural areas, small towns and metropolitan cities in Korea.


The raw data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) from 2005 to 2009 were used. Data were analyzed by using the method of complex survey data analysis considering complex sampling design. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate significant linear time trends in cigarette smoking. The indicators of cigarette use behaviors were 'current smoking rate', 'frequent smoking rate', 'heavy smoking rate' and 'smoking experience rate before 13 years of age'. All analyses were conducted according to gender.


Statistically significant increasing trends in current smoking rate and frequent smoking rate were observed and borderline significant increasing trends in heavy smoking rate were shown among rural boys. Among metropolitan city boys, statistically significant increasing trends were also seen for frequent smoking. Statistically significant decreasing trends in current smoking rate were observed among small town and metropolitan city girls. Smoking experience rate before 13 years of age for rural girls decreased significantly.


Cigarette smoking prevalence among adolescents in the rural areas has increased in the last five years especially among boys. Our findings suggest that anti-tobacco program for adolescents should be conducted primarily for those in rural areas.



Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The positive impact of smoking cessation on fracture risk in a nationwide cohort study
    Jin-Sung Park, Kyung-Chung Kang, Se-Jun Park, Jeong-Keun Kim, Kyungdo Han, Jae-Young Hong
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Differences in Health Behavior Profiles of Adolescents in Urban and Rural Areas in a Korean City
    Myungah Chae, Kihye Han
    Healthcare.2021; 9(3): 282.     CrossRef
  • Gender differential secular trend in lifetime smoking prevalence among adolescents: an age-period-cohort analysis
    Jun Hyun Hwang, Soon-Woo Park
    BMC Public Health.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Trends in the ease of cigarette purchase among Korean adolescents: evidence from the Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey 2005–2016
    Seo Young Kang, Jung Ah. Lee, Hong-Jun Cho
    BMC Public Health.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Age-period-cohort analysis of smoking prevalence among young adults in Korea
    Yong Ho Jee, Sung-il Cho
    Epidemiology and Health.2016; 38: e2016010.     CrossRef
  • Data Resource Profile: The Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS)
    Yoonjung Kim, Sunhye Choi, Chaemin Chun, Suyeon Park, Young-Ho Khang, Kyungwon Oh
    International Journal of Epidemiology.2016; : dyw070.     CrossRef
  • Incidence of Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders in Asian Populations of British Columbia
    Joshua D. Lee, Colleen Guimond, Irene M. Yee, Carles Vilariño-Güell, Zhi-Ying Wu, Anthony L. Traboulsee, A. Dessa Sadovnick
    Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques.2015; 42(4): 235.     CrossRef
  • Factors Related to Increasing Trends in Cigarette Smoking of Adolescent Males in Rural Areas of Korea
    Nam Soo Hong, Sin Kam, Keon Yeop Kim
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2013; 46(3): 139.     CrossRef
  • Physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in university students in the city of Leon, Mexico
    Maciste H. Macías-Cervantes, Victoriano Pérez-Vázquez, Antonio E. Rivera-Cisneros, Andrés Martínez-Rivera, Joel Ramírez-Emiliano, Carlos Kornhauser
    Health.2013; 05(11): 1861.     CrossRef
English Abstract
Change of Cognitive Function and Associated Factors among the Rural Elderly: A 5-Year Follow-up Study.
Sang Kyu Kim, Pock Soo Kang, Tae Yoon Hwang, Joon Sakong, Kyeong Soo Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2007;40(2):162-168.
  • 4,583 View
  • 34 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
This prospective population-based cohort study was conducted to evaluate the risk factors of cognitive impairment and the degree of cognitive function change through a 5-year follow-up. METHODS: The baseline and follow-up surveys were conducted in 1998 and 2003, respectively. Among 176 subjects who had normal cognitive function in the baseline study, 136 were followed up for 5 years. The cognitive function was investigated using the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K). The collected data were analyzed using SPSS and Stata. RESULTS: Of the 136 subjects analyzed, 25 (18.4%) were cognitively impaired. Old age and low social support in the baseline survey were risk factors for cognitive impairment after 5 years. In the generalized estimating equation for 128 subjects except severe cognitive impairment about the contributing factors of cognitive function change, the interval of 5 years decreased MMSE-K score by 1.02 and the cognitive function was adversely affected with increasing age, decreasing education and decreasing social support. CONCLUSIONS: Although the study population was small, it was considered that the study results can be used to develop a community-based prevention system for cognitive impairment.


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  • Status of Physical and Mental Function and, Its Related Factors Among the Elderly People Using from Long-Term Care Insurance Service
    Nam-Kyou Bae, Young-Soo Song, Eun-Sook Shin, Young-Chae Cho
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2012; 13(12): 5976.     CrossRef
  • Toxicities and functional consequences of systemic chemotherapy in elderly Korean patients with cancer: A prospective cohort study using Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment
    Dong-Yeop Shin, Jeong-Ok Lee, Yu Jung Kim, Myung-Sook Park, Keun-Wook Lee, Kwang-Il Kim, Soo-Mee Bang, Jong Seok Lee, Cheol-Ho Kim, Jee Hyun Kim
    Journal of Geriatric Oncology.2012; 3(4): 359.     CrossRef
  • Apolipoprotein E Polymorphism and Cognitive Function Change of the Elderly in a Rural Area, Korea
    Sang-Kyu Kim, Tae-Yoon Hwang, Kyeong-Soo Lee, Pock-Soo Kang, Hee-Soon Cho, Young-Kyung Bae
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2009; 42(4): 261.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Investigation of Health Hazards in the Underground Storage Facilities of Ginger Roots.
Hyun Sul Lim, Geun Ryang Bae
Korean J Prev Med. 2002;35(1):72-75.
  • 25,076 View
  • 27 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
To evaluate the health hazards in the underground storage facilities of ginger roots. METHODS: The authors reviewed the emergency rescue records from the Seosan fire department over the period Jan 1, 1996 to Aug 31, 1999. The atmospheres in 3 different underground storage locations were analyzed for O2, CO2, CO, H2S and NH4. RESULTS: From the emergency records, we were able to identify 20 individuals that had been exposed to occupational hazards in the underground storage facilities. Among these 20 cases, 13 were due to asphyxiation (resulting in 7 deaths) and 7 were due to falls. In the first atmospheric tests, performed on Feb 25, 1998, the O2 level inside the underground storage facility, located about 5~6 meters below the surface, was 20.6% and the CO2 level was about 1,000 ppm. CO, H2S and NH4 were not detected. In the second tests on Jul 6, 1999, measurements of the O2 level at 3 meters below the surface in two different storage locations were 15.3 and 15.1%. And the O2 levels inside the storage facilities were 12.2 and 12.1%. The CO2 level was above 5,000 ppm (beyond upper limits of measurement). CO, H2S and NH4 were not detected. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that asphyxiation in the underground storage facilities for ginger roots was not due to the presence of toxic gases such as CO, H2S and NH4, but rather the exclusion of oxygen by carbon dioxide was responsible for causing casualties. For the development of a hazard free working environment, safety education as well as improvements in storage methods are needed.
An Estimation of Carbamate Pesticide Exposure in a Rural Area: A pilot study using personal sampler and gas chromatography.
Byung Hae Kim, Yong Sik Kim, Jin Su Choi
Korean J Prev Med. 1990;23(2):201-206.
  • 1,738 View
  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The exposures to carbamate pesticides (BPMC specifically) of agricultural workers were estimated by collecting pesticide in air by personal sampler and by analyzing with gas chromatography. Data revealed that the highest BPMC concentration in the aspirated air was 7.7 mg/m3. Concentrations were generally higher in the group whose spray conditions were controlled than the group uncontrolled. Actual concentrations were relatively lower than the values predicted theoretically. These findings suggest that personal sampler be useful in the estimation of pesticide exposure.

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health