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J Prev Med Public Health > Volume 40(5); 2007 > Article
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2007;40(5): 345-350. doi: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.5.345
Disparities in Participation in Health Examination by Socio-economic Position among Adult Seoul Residents.
Eun Jeong Chun, Soong Nang Jang, Sung Il Cho, Youngtae Cho, Ok Ryun Moon
1School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Korea.
2Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Korea. jysr@snu.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVES: To determine the disparity in the rate people undergo health examinations according to socioeconomic position (SEP) and the changes in this disparity with time. METHODS: Seoul citizens}health profile data from 1997 to 2005 were analyzed. The study subjects were 40 years old and over, and the total number of subjects was 6,601 in 1997, 8,994 in 2001, and 8,819 in 2005. Those aged 60 years and over were eliminated from the analysis of subjects}occupation. We used education, family income and occupation as indicators of SEP. The age-standardized health examination attendance rate for each year was calculated according to the education, family income and occupation. The odds ratios (ORs) from multiple logistic regressions were adjusted for age. RESULTS: The disparity in the rate of attendance according to the SEP decreased from 1997 to 2005 but still existed. Even though the disparities among the subgroups according to education, family income and occupation were not that high, the disparity between the group with the highest SEP and the other groups was considerable. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that unequal access to health examination services according to socioeconomic position still exists. This disparity has decreased recently but the disparity according to level of education was the greatest.
Key words: Korea; Socioeconomic factors; Physical examination; Attitude to health
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