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Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine 1976;9(1): 65-76.
Comparative Study on Maternal Health Status With Islang and Land Women in A Middle City Area.
Kyu Chul Kim
ABSTRACT
To compare the maternal health status between women in island and lond, the study was conducted to adjacent land (kukdong) and island (kyonghodong) areas in Yosoo city during April 1976. The results obtained from 174 interviewee in island and 192 in land areas were the same as follow, 1. General characteristics of both area. Age; Land, group 20-29 year of age was the largest. Island, 30-39 year of age was the largest. Education; Low educated group, less than primary grade (land 88.6%, island 93.1%), was predominant in both area. Occupation of herself; agriculture and labor was the main occupation (land 50%, island 82.2%) in both area. Occupation of husband; labor and fishery was general (81.2%) in land, and agriculture and fishery was general (81.6%) in island. Duration of residence; Land, 25.0% being resided here more than 10 years. Island, 64.3% being resided here more than 10 years. 2. Marriage, Pregnancy, and Present children. Average age at marriage; Land, 20.7 years. Island, 20.9 years. Average frequency of pregnancy; Land, 4.4 times. Island, 4.3 times. Wastage of pregnancies; Land, 236 per 1000 pregnancies. Island, 151 per 1000 pregnancies. Wastage occupied by induced abortion; land, 73.5%. island, 60.5%. Number and sex of present children; Land, 3.3 per family, sex ratio 52.4 to 47.6. Island, 3.6 per family, sex ratio 53.3 to 46.7. 3. Prenatal and postnatal care. Prenatal consultation; Land, 16.1% received by doctor or midwife. Island, 9.2% received by doctor or midwife. Complications during last pregnance; Land, 46.6% complained. Island, 51.1% complained. Return to work within 1 week after delivery; Land, 40.6%. Island, 50.6%. 4. Delivery environment. Home delivery; Land, 97.4%. Island, 97.3%. Delivery attended by layman without taking any disinfective preparation; Land, 48.1%. Island, 49.1%. material mainly used to cut umbilical cord at home; Land, scissors (97.4%). Island, scissors 84.0%. Delivery sheets used at home; Cement bah paper (land 50.0%, island, 31.3%). Vinyl sheets (land, 17.5%, island, 27.6%). News paper (land, 3.2%. island, 11.7%). No sheets (land 19.5%. island, 12.9%). etc. Maternal Meal; Seaweed soup with rice was the most general in both area. (land 95.3%, island 91.4%).
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