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Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine 2001;34(3): 253-261.
Short-term Effect of Air Pollution on Respiratory Disease in Seoul : A Case-Crossover Study.
Young Ju Lee, Jong Tae Lee, Young Su Ju, Dong Chun Shin, Hyoung June Im, Soo Hun Cho
1Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine.
2Institute of Environmental Medicine, SNUMRC.
3Institute of Environmental and Industrial Medicine, Hanyang University.
4Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital.
5Department of Preventive Medicine & Public Health, Yonsei University College of Medicine.
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the hypothesis that air pollution could increase emergency room visits for respiratory diseases, and if so, to quantify the strength of association between those. METHODS: We compiled daily records of hospital emergency room visits for respiratory diseases in Seoul, from November 1. 1995 to October 31. 1996, by using medical utilization data of unscheduled visits. In addition, air quality and weather data for the same period was collected. And a case-crossover design was applied by adopting conditional logistic regression analysis to determine the relationship between air pollutants and emergency room visits for respiratory diseases. In particular, the control periods were chosen by a bidirectional paired matching technique 7, 14, and 21days before and after the case periods. RESULTS: Only ozone was associated with the increased number of emergency room visits for respiratory diseases. The relative risk according to a 30ppb increase of ozone concentration (24hr mean, lagged 1day) was 1.91 (95% confidence interval = 1.78-2.05). CONCLUSION: There was a statistically significant association between the ambient ozone and daily emergency room visits for respiratory diseases.
Key words: Air pollution; Ozone; Conditional logistic regression; Case-crossover design; Emergency room visit
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