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J Prev Med Public Health > Volume 44(1); 2011 > Article
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2011;44(1): 56-64. doi: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.1.56
The Prevalence of High Myopia in 19 Year-Old Men in Busan, Ulsan and Gyeongsangnam-Do.
Sang Joon Lee, Sang Hwa Urm, Byeng Chul Yu, Hae Sook Sohn, Young Seoub Hong, Maeng Seok Noh, Yong Hwan Lee
1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Busan, Korea.
2Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Korea.
3Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Busan, Korea. ybc777@kosinmed.or.kr
4Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea.
5Division of Mathematical Sciences Statistics, Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence and correlated factors of high myopia in 19 year-old men in Southeast Korea. METHODS: This retrospective study was based on the medical checkup data of conscription during 2005. The study subjects were 19 years old men in Busan, Ulsan and Gyeongsangnam-do. The health checkup data of the conscripts consisted of noncycloplegic autorefraction test, the biometric data and social factors. To analyze the social and biometric effects, we classified the biometric factors into 4 or 5 groups and the social factors into 3 groups. High myopia was defined as a spherical equivalent of under -6.0 diopter. Data analysis was performed using the chi square test for trends and multiple logistic regression analysis. The SAS(version 9.1) program was used for all the analyses. RESULTS: The prevalence of high myopia was 12.39% (6256 / 50 508). The factors correlated with high myopia were the residence area (OR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.77 to 2.4 for small city; OR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.72 to 2.34 for metropolis; the reference group was rural area), academic achievement (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.34 to 1.53 for students of 4-and 6-year-course university; the reference group was high school graduates & under) and blood pressure (OR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.10 to 2.16 for hypertension; OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.17 for prehypertension; OR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.20 for hypotension; the reference group was normal blood pressure). CONCLUSIONS: More than one tenth of the young men were high myopia as one of the risk factor for visual loss. Further studies on high myopia and its complications are needed to improve eye health in Southeast Korea.
Key words: Prevalence; High myopia; Blood pressure
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