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J Prev Med Public Health > Volume 40(6); 2007 > Article
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2007;40(6): 439-446. doi: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.6.439
Introduction of Health Impact Assessment and Healthy Cities as a Tool for Tackling Health Inequality.
Weon Seob Yoo, Keon Yeop Kim, Kwang Wook Koh
1Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Eulji University.
2Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungnam University. pmkky@cnu.ac.kr
3Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Kosin University.
ABSTRACT
In order to reduce the health inequalities within a society changes need to be made in broad health determinants and their distribution in the population. It has been expected that the Health impact assessment(HIA) and Healthy Cities can provide opportunities and useful means for changing social policy and environment related with the broad health determinants in developed countries. HIA is any combination of procedures or methods by which a proposed 4P(policy, plan, program, project) may be judged as to the effects it may have on the health of a population. Healthy city is one that is continually creating and improving those physical and social environments and expanding those community resources which enable people to mutually support each other in performing all the functions of life and in developing to their maximum potential. In Korea, social and academic interest regarding the HIA and Healthy Cities has been growing recently but the need of HIA and Healthy Cities in the perspective of reducing health inequality was not introduced adequately. So we reviewed the basic concepts and methods of the HIA and Healthy Cities, and its possible contribution to reducing health inequalities. We concluded that though the concepts and methods of the HIA and Healthy Cities are relatively new and still in need of improvement, they will be useful in approaching the issue of health inequality in Korea.
Key words: Health inequality; Health impact assessment (HIA); Healthy cities; Korea
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