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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2006;39(3): 213-220.
Effects of the Late Marriage of Korean Women on the First-birth Interval.
Woojin Chung, Kyoungae Lee, Sunmi Lee
1Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Korea. wchung@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
2Department of Public Health, Yonsei University Graduate School, Korea.
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of women's late age of marriage on the interval between marriage and their first birth. METHODS: Data from Year 2000 Korea National Fertility Survey was collected through direct interview questionings, and the data was analyzed based on randomly selected sampling. In particular, the married women (N=5,648) were analyzed for the factors that determined the first-birth interval by performing Cox's proportional hazard model survival analysis. RESULTS: Unlike previous findings, the woman whose age of marriage was 30 or more was more likely to delay the birth of her first baby than were the other women who married earlier. Further, a woman's age at marriage, a woman's residence before marriage, her husband's religion, her husband's level of education and the difference in age between the woman and her husband significantly influenced the first-birth interval. In contrast, for a married woman, her age, level of education, current residence and religion were not significant predictors of her first birth interval. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that women who married at the age of 30 years or more tend to postpone their first birth in Korea. When facing the increasing number of women who marry at a late age, the Korean government should implement population and social policies to encourage married women have their first child as early as possible.
Key words: Fertility; First birth interval; Survival analysis; Age at marriage
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