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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2005;38(3): 259-266.
Neighborhood Characteristics and Individual Health under Korean Context.
Sung Won Jung, Young Tae Cho
1Seoul Medical Center Research Institute, korea.
2School of Public Health, Seoul National University, korea. youngtae@snu.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
Recently much attention has been paid to the effect of neighborhood characteristics on the health of individuals, independent of individual demographic and/or socioeconomic characteristics. Although many empirical studies of a kind, mostly based on Western society, have appeared on various international journals, few studies have shown empirical evidence of neighborhood characteristics as an independent and significant risk factor of ill health in Korea. This paper discusses possible reasons that neighborhood seems to be neither significant nor substantial regarding its impact on the health of Koreans. Addressing the uniqueness of Korean society regarding the concept of neighborhood, attributes of neighborhoods, and methodological challenges, authors suggest that more sophisticated conceptual and methodological approach, specific to Korean society, should enable to reveal the effect of neighborhood characteristics on individual health in Korea.
Key words: Neighborhood characteristics; Multi-level analysis; Korea Uniqueness; Concept of neighborhood
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