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Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine 2000;33(3): 349-363.
Short-term Glycemic Control and the Related Factors in Association with Compliance in Diabetic Patients.
Gui Young Kim, Jae Yong Park, Bo Wan Kim
1Department of Public Health Graduate school, Kyungpook National University.
2Department of Internal Medicine, Medical College of Kyungpook National University.
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVES: Generally, it seemed that the therapeutic result in diabetic patients was changed by compliance. This study was conducted on the basis of assumption that the therapeutic result in diabetic patients could control according to compliance. This study was conducted to analyze the related factors in association with compliance to drug, diet and exercise therapy. METHODS: 224 diabetic patients in Kyungpook National University Hospital were selected through the interviews and HbA1c values from 1 Jan. to 28 Feb. 1997. The drug compliance was tested by regularity of drug administration, the diet compliance was tested by restriction of food, exactly allocation, balance of nutrient, measuring food and the exercise compliance was tested by regularity of exercise per day. We assessed compliance by percentage, X2-test and generalized logit regression model(method:enter). RESULTS: The significant variable was the satisfaction to medical personnels in drug, the knowledge to disease in diet, the participation of the diabetic education in exercise therapy and the satisfaction to medical personnels in HbA1c. Using the generalized logit model(method : enter) in compliance change, the significant variables were the satisfaction to medical personnels and the complication in drug; the significant variables were the age at the first diagnosis, the family history, the concern of health, the knowledge of disease, the self-exertion for therapy and the complication in diet; the only significant variable was the gender in exercise therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The degree of glycemic control in diabetic patients was influenced by compliance. In order to improve patient's compliance, we must foster the knowledge on the diseases, lead participation for diabetic education. Because the satisfaction to medical personnels was the important variables, we must build up good relationship between doctors and patients.
Key words: Diabetes mellitus; compliance; blood sugar control
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