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Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine 1982;15(1): 187-196.
An Epidemiological Study on the Industrial Injuries among Metal Products Manufacturing Workers in Young-Dung-Po, Seoul.
Jung Hee Lee
ABSTRACT
The followings are the results of the study on industrial accidents occurred at 12 factories manufacturing metal products during the period of 2 years from January 1980 to December 1981 in the area of Yong-Dung-Po in Seoul. The results of the study are as follows: 1. The incidence rate of industrial injuries was 45.7 per 1, 000 workers, of the sample group and the rate of male (54.0) was three times higher than that of female ('17.5). 2. In age groups, the highest rate was observed in the group of under 19 years old with 83.5, awhile the lowest in the group of 40s. 3. It was found that those who had short term of work experience produced a higher rate of injuries, particularly, the group of workers with less than 1 year of experience showed the highest rate of it as 48.1%. 4. In working time, the highest incidence rate occurred 3 and 7 hours after the beginning of their working showing the rate of 6. 0 and 6. 1 per 1, 000 workers, respectively. 5. The highest incidence rate was observed on Monday as 8.4 per 1, 000 workers, and it was 18.3% in aspect of the days of a week. 6. in aspect of the months of a year, the highest incidence was observed on July as 5.4 per 1, 000 workers and the next was on March as 4. 8. These figures account for 11.8% and 10.5 of total occurrence in respective month. 7. In causes of injuries, the accident caused by power driver: machinery showed the highest rate with 37.5%, the second was due to handling without machinery with 17.2%, and the third was due to falling objects with 14.2%, and striking against objects with 10.2%, and so on. 8. By parts of the body affected, the mist injuries 84.3% of them occurred on both upper and lower extremities with the rate of 58.8% for the former and 25.5% for the latter. Fingers were most frequently injured with a rate of 40.3%. Comparing the sites of extremities affected, rate of injuries on the right side was 55.0% and 45.0% on the left sloe. 9. In the nature of injury, laceration and open wound were the highest w th 34.0%, the next was fracture and dislocation with 31.90, and sprain was the third with 8, 10. On the duration of treatment, it lasted less than one month in 68. 9~, of the injured cases, of which 14.5% of~the cases were recovered within 2 weeks, and 54.4% of them were treated more than 2 weeks. And the duration of the treatment tended to be prolot~ ged in larger industries. 11. The ratio of insured accidents to uninsured accidents was 1 to 4.7.
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