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Changgyo Yoon 2 Articles
Social Determinants of Smoking Behavior: The Healthy Twin Study, Korea
Youn Sik Kim, Hansoo Ko, Changgyo Yoon, Dong-Hun Lee, Joohon Sung
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(1):29-36.   Published online January 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.1.29
  • 9,750 View
  • 73 Download
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to identify any influence of socioeconomic status on smoking and smoking cessation in a situation where genetic factors are controlled.

Methods

The sample for this study was 2502 members of the twins and families cohort who participated in the Korean Healthy Twins Study from 2005 to 2009. Groups of brothers or sisters, including twins and fraternal twins, were compared in terms of smoking and smoking cessation behaviors according to differences in socioeconomic status and gender.

Results

In a situation with complete control of genetic factors, results showed that the daily smoking amount, cumulative smoking amount, and dependence on nicotine decreased with higher-status occupations, and the rate of smoking and amount of cumulative smoking decreased with higher levels of education. Regarding smoking cessation behavior, a higher level of education was associated with a lower smoking cessation rate, and no significant gender differences were found.

Conclusions

Environmental factors had a stronger influence on smoking behavior than did genetic factors. Genetic factors had greater influence on smoking cessation than did environmental factors; however, this requires verification in further studies.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Interrogating Patterns of Cancer Disparities by Expanding the Social Determinants of Health Framework to Include Biological Pathways of Social Experiences
    Celina I. Valencia, Francine C. Gachupin, Yamilé Molina, Ken Batai
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(4): 2455.     CrossRef
  • Prenatal Tobacco Exposure and the Risk of Tobacco Smoking and Dependence in Offspring: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Bereket Duko, Gavin Pereira, Robert J. Tait, Sylvester Dodzi Nyadanu, Kim Betts, Rosa Alati
    Drug and Alcohol Dependence.2021; 227: 108993.     CrossRef
  • Evolución del tabaquismo según clase social en la población adulta de las Islas Canarias durante el periodo 2000-2015: seguimiento de la cohorte CDC-Canarias
    Francisco Javier Cuevas Fernández, María José Iglesias Girón, María del Cristo Rodríguez Pérez, Silvia Ortiz Simarro, Antonio Cabrera de León, Armando Aguirre-Jaime
    Atención Primaria.2020; 52(6): 381.     CrossRef
  • Socio-economic contributors to current cigarette smoking among Iranian household heads: findings from a national household survey
    Mohammad Reza Masjedi, Payam Roshanfekr, Seyran Naghdi, Peter Higgs, Bahram Armoon, Sonya Ghaffari, Hesam Ghiasvand
    Journal of Substance Use.2020; 25(2): 217.     CrossRef
  • Interaction between cytochrome P450 2A6 and Catechol-O-Methyltransferase genes and their association with smoking risk in young men
    Wei-Chih Ou, Yi-Chin Huang, Chih-Ling Huang, Min-Hsuan Lin, Yi-Chun Chen, Yi-Ju Chen, Chen-Nu Liu, Mei-Chih Chen, Ching-Shan Huang, Pei-Lain Chen
    Behavioral and Brain Functions.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effect of the rs1051730–rs16969968 variant and smoking cessation treatment: a meta-analysis
    Tiffany Leung, Andrew Bergen, Marcus Robert Munafò, Kim De Ruyck, Peter Selby, Vincenzo De Luca
    Pharmacogenomics.2015; 16(7): 713.     CrossRef
  • Race and health profiles in the United States: an examination of the social gradient through the 2009 CHIS adult survey
    A.B. Nguyen, R. Moser, W.-Y. Chou
    Public Health.2014; 128(12): 1076.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic status and dyslipidemia in Korean adults: The 2008–2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Ga Eun Nam, Kyung Hwan Cho, Yong Gyu Park, Kyung Do Han, Youn Seon Choi, Seon Mee Kim, Kyung Shik Lee, Byung Joon Ko, Yang Hyun Kim, Byoung Duck Han, Do Hoon Kim
    Preventive Medicine.2013; 57(4): 304.     CrossRef
  • Smoking among Individuals with Schizophrenia in Korea: Gender Differences
    Sun S. Kim, Sangkeun Chung, Jong-Il Park, Ae-Ja Jung, David Kalman, Douglas M. Ziedonis
    Archives of Psychiatric Nursing.2013; 27(5): 241.     CrossRef
  • Environmental factors that influence smoking habits of monozygotic and dizygotic twins
    Mónika Bakkné Nagy, Dávid László Tárnoki, Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki
    Orvosi Hetilap.2013; 154(25): 978.     CrossRef
Disparities in Health Care Utilization Among Urban Homeless in South Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study
Changgyo Yoon, Young-Su Ju, Chang-yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(6):267-274.   Published online November 14, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.6.267
  • 9,387 View
  • 96 Download
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

We examined health care disparities in Korean urban homeless people and individual characteristics associated with the utilization of health care.

Methods

We selected a sample of 203 homeless individuals at streets, shelters, and drop-in centers in Seoul and Daejeon by a quota sampling method. We surveyed demographic information, information related to using health care, and health status with a questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was adopted to identify factors associated with using health care and to reveal health care disparities within the Korean urban homeless population.

Results

Among 203 respondents, 89 reported that they had visited health care providers at least once in the past 6 months. Twenty persons (22.5%) in the group that used health care (n = 89) reported feeling discriminated against. After adjustment for age, sex, marital status, educational level, monthly income, perceived health status, Beck Depression Inventory score, homeless period, and other covariates, three factors were significantly associated with medical utilization: female sex (adjusted odds ratio [aOR, 15.95; 95% CI, 3.97 to 64.04], having three or more diseases (aOR, 24.58; 95% CI, 4.23 to 142.78), and non-street residency (aOR, 11.39; 95% CI, 3.58 to 36.24).

Conclusions

Health care disparities in Seoul and Daejeon homeless exist in terms of the main place to stay, physical illnesses, and gender. Under the current homeless support system in South Korea, street homeless have poorer accessibility to health care versus non-street homeless. To provide equitable medical aid for homeless people, strategies to overcome barriers against health care for the street homeless are needed.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Unsheltered Homelessness and Health: A Literature Review
    Jessica Richards, Randall Kuhn
    AJPM Focus.2023; 2(1): 100043.     CrossRef
  • Who are the homeless and what kind of problems do they have? A review of the literature
    Jerzy Romaszko, Beata Giergielewicz-Januszko
    Acta Elbingensia.2023; : 1.     CrossRef
  • The association between crime victimization and depressive symptoms among homeless people in Korea: a gender stratified analysis
    Gum-Ryeong Park, Saerom Kim, Namsoon Kim
    Journal of Social Distress and Homelessness.2022; 31(1): 65.     CrossRef
  • Unmet dental care needs of homeless adults in South Korea: Findings from a national survey
    Xianhua Che, Minsung Sohn, Sungje Moon, Hee‐Jung Park
    Health & Social Care in the Community.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Differences in Utilization of Medical and Dental Services among Homeless People in South Korea
    Seung-Hyun Lee, Jae-In Ryu, Se-Hwan Jung
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(15): 5304.     CrossRef
  • Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among Middle-Aged and Older Homeless Adults Using the 9-Item Patient Health Questionnaire
    Lin-Yun Wang, Lan-Ping Lin, Yun-Cheng Chen, Tai-Wen Wang, Jin-Ding Lin
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(13): 4754.     CrossRef
  • Influencing Factors of Transportation Costs regarding Healthcare Service Utilization in Korea
    Su Yeon Jang, Jeong Yeon Seon, In-Hwan Oh
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Coping Styles and Alcohol Dependence among Homeless People
    Cezary Opalach, Jerzy Romaszko, Marcin Jaracz, Robert Kuchta, Alina Borkowska, Adam Buciński, Stephen D Ginsberg
    PLOS ONE.2016; 11(9): e0162381.     CrossRef
  • The Correlation between Gender Inequalities and Their Health Related Factors in World Countries: A Global Cross-Sectional Study
    Jafar Hassanzadeh, Noorollah Moradi, Nader Esmailnasab, Shahab Rezaeian, Pezhman Bagheri, Vajihe Armanmehr
    Epidemiology Research International.2014; 2014: 1.     CrossRef
  • Health Care Utilization Patterns of Homeless Individuals in Boston: Preparing for Medicaid Expansion Under the Affordable Care Act
    Monica Bharel, Wen-Chieh Lin, Jianying Zhang, Elizabeth O’Connell, Robert Taube, Robin E. Clark
    American Journal of Public Health.2013; 103(S2): S311.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health