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Original Articles
Thirst for Information and Needs Reflections of Type 2 Diabetes Patients Receiving Insulin Treatment in North-East Ethiopia: A Qualitative Exploration
Ewunetie Mekashaw Bayked, Birhanu Demeke Workneh, Mesfin Haile Kahissay
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(2):119-128.   Published online March 1, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.510
  • 5,227 View
  • 152 Download
  • 5 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Ongoing, proactive, planned, and patient-centered diabetes education is the cornerstone of care for all persons with diabetes. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the information needs of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients receiving insulin treatment in North-East Ethiopia.
Methods
The study was conducted from July 2019 to January 2020 using a qualitative enquiry (phenomenological approach) with purposive sampling. Face-to-face in-depth interviews were used to collect data until reaching theoretical saturation. The participants were type 2 diabetes patients receiving insulin treatment. They were identified from the diabetes patients’ registration book at the diabetes clinic and interviewed at their appointment time, and were selected to include wide variations in terms of socio-demographic characteristics. Twenty-four participants (11 men and 13 women), with a median age of 57 years, were interviewed. The data were organized using QDA Miner Lite version 2.0.7 and analyzed thematically using narrative strategies.
Results
Most participants had not heard of diabetes before their diagnosis. They had limited knowledge of diabetes, but ascribed different connotations for it in the local language (Amharic). The needs reflections of patients were categorized into diabetes education and participants’ recommendations. Diabetes education was totally absent at hospitals, and patients received education primarily from the Ethiopian Diabetes Association and broadcast and digital media. Thus, the major concern of patients was the availability of diabetes education programs at health institutions.
Conclusions
Patients’ main concern was the absence of routine diabetes education, which necessitates urgent action to implement diabetes education programs, especially at health institutions.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Quality of life and associated factors among patients with cancer receiving chemotherapy at Dessie Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, North-East Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
    Ewunetie Mekashaw Bayked, Mekdes Getachew Yimam, Zemen Mengesha Yalew, Husien Nurahmed Toleha, Segenet Zewdie
    Frontiers in Oncology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Qualitative Research in Healthcare: Data Analysis
    Dasom Im, Jeehye Pyo, Haneul Lee, Hyeran Jung, Minsu Ock
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(2): 100.     CrossRef
  • Sufferings of its consequences; patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in North-East Ethiopia, A qualitative investigation
    Ewunetie Mekashaw Bayked, Birhanu Demeke Workneh, Mesfin Haile Kahissay
    Heliyon.2022; 8(2): e08871.     CrossRef
  • Patients’ perceptions, associations, and justifications for the causes of diabetes in North-East Ethiopia: A qualitative study
    Ewunetie Mekashaw Bayked, Mesfin Haile Kahissay, Birhanu Demeke Workneh
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2022; 16(5): 102502.     CrossRef
  • The experiences of insulin use among older people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus: A thematic synthesis
    Chaya Langerman, Angus Forbes, Glenn Robert
    Primary Care Diabetes.2022; 16(5): 614.     CrossRef
  • The “Life-World” trip of type 2 diabetes patients with allopathic treatment options: a triangulated qualitative investigation
    Ewunetie Mekashaw Bayked, Mesfin Haile Kahissay, Birhanu Demeke Workneh
    Annals of Medicine.2022; 54(1): 2713.     CrossRef
Educational Intervention Based on the Health Belief Model to Modify Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Police Officers in Iran: A Quasi-experimental Study
Mohsen Saffari, Hormoz Sanaeinasab, Hassan Jafarzadeh, Mojtaba Sepandi, Keisha-Gaye N. O'Garo, Harold G. Koenig, Amir H. Pakpour
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(4):275-284.   Published online June 18, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.095
  • 7,211 View
  • 358 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Police officers may be at a greater risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) than the general population due to their highstress occupation. This study evaluated how an educational program based on the health belief model (HBM) may protect police officers from developing CVD.
Methods
In this single-group experimental study, 58 police officers in Iran participated in a 5-week intervention based on HBM principles. Outcomes included changes in scores on an HBM scale, time spent on moderate to vigorous physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), body mass index (BMI), blood lipid profile, blood glucose, and blood pressure. The intervention consisted of 5 HBM-based educational sessions. Follow-up was conducted at 3 months post-intervention. The paired t-test was used to examine differences between baseline and follow-up scores.
Results
All aspects of the HBM scale improved between baseline and follow-up (p<0.05), except the cues to action subscale. Self-efficacy and preventive behaviors improved the most. BMI decreased from 26.7±2.9 kg/m2 at baseline to 25.8±2.4 kg/m2 at follow-up. All components of the lipid profile, including triglycerides, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein, showed significant improvements post-intervention. Blood glucose and blood pressure also decreased, but not significantly. Nearly 25% of participants who were not physically active at baseline increased their physical activity above or beyond the healthy threshold.
Conclusions
A relatively brief educational intervention based on HBM principles led to a significant improvement in CVD risk factors among police officers. Further research is needed to corroborate the effectiveness of this intervention.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Metabolic Syndrome among Police Officers in Kozhikode Corporation
    Aparna Padmanabhan, Jayakrishnan Thayyil, G Alan, Siju Kumar
    Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.2024; 28(1): 45.     CrossRef
  • Effect of educational intervention on risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among school teachers: a quasi-experimental study in a suburb of Kolkata, West Bengal, India
    Anubrata Karmakar, Aritra Bhattacharyya, Bijit Biswas, Aparajita Dasgupta, Lina Bandyopadhyay, Bobby Paul
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • An Intervention Program Using the Health Belief Model to Modify Lifestyle in Coronary Heart Disease: Randomized Controlled Trial
    Mohsen Saffari, Hormoz Sanaeinasab, Hojat Rashidi-jahan, Fardin Aghazadeh, Mehdi Raei, Fatemeh Rahmati, Faten Al Zaben, Harold G. Koenig
    International Journal of Behavioral Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The effect of educational intervention in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in patients with hypertension with application of health belief model: A quasi-experimental study
    Fatemeh Mohammadkhah, Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Rajabi, Pooyan Afzali Hasirini, Ali Khani Jeihooni
    JRSM Cardiovascular Disease.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessment of Compliance with Healthy Lifestyle Standards by the Instructional Staff of Higher Educational Institutions
    Ivan М. Okhrimenko, Viacheslav V. Zasenko, Olena V. Chebotaryova, Alla L. Dushka, Andrii V. Lapin, Nataliia O. Kvitka, Iryna A. Holovanovа
    Acta Balneologica.2022; 64(5): 463.     CrossRef
  • Educational interventions in relation to the level of physical activities for police officers: a systematic literature review
    Cleise Cristine Ribeiro Borges Oliveira, Carla Tatiane Oliveira Silva, Carolina de Souza-Machado, Fernanda Carneiro Mussi, Ana Carla Carvalho Coelho, Cláudia Geovana Da Silva Pires
    International Journal for Innovation Education and Research.2022; 10(12): 301.     CrossRef
Perceived Relevance of Educative Information on Public (Skin) Health: A Cross-sectional Questionnaire Survey
Daniela Haluza, Renate Cervinka
J Prev Med Public Health. 2013;46(2):82-88.   Published online March 28, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.2.82
  • 10,435 View
  • 80 Download
  • 21 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Unprotected leisure time exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun or artificial tanning beds is the most important environmental risk factor for melanoma, a malignant skin cancer with increasing incidences over the past decades. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of skin health information provided by several sources and different publishing issues on knowledge, risk perception, and sun protective behavior of sunbathers.

Methods

A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among Austrian residents (n=563) spending leisure time outdoors in August 2010.

Results

Print media, television, and family were perceived as the most relevant sources of information on skin health, whereas the source physician was only ranked as fourth important source. Compared to other sources, information provided by doctors positively influenced participants' knowledge on skin risk and sun protective behavior resulting in higher scores in the knowledge test (p=0.009), higher risk perception (p<0.001), and more sun protection (p<0.001).

Regarding gender differences, internet was more often used by males as health information source, whereas females were more familiar with printed information material in general.

Conclusions

The results of this survey put emphasis on the demand for information provided by medical professionals in order to attain effective, long-lasting promotion of photoprotective habits.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Sun protection in outdoor workers – Development and validation of standardized questionnaires for behavior and knowledge
    Henriette Rönsch, Marc Rocholl, Michaela Ludewig, Andreas Staudt, Mathias Langner, Theresa Steeb, Annika Wilke, Swen Malte John, Carola Berking, Stefan Beissert, Andrea Bauer
    JDDG: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft.2024; 22(5): 665.     CrossRef
  • Sonnenschutz bei Beschäftigten im Freien. Entwicklung und Validierung von standardisierten Fragebögen für Verhalten und Wissen
    Henriette Rönsch, Marc Rocholl, Michaela Ludewig, Andreas Staudt, Mathias Langner, Theresa Steeb, Annika Wilke, Swen Malte John, Carola Berking, Stefan Beissert, Andrea Bauer
    JDDG: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft.2024; 22(5): 665.     CrossRef
  • The Utilization of Sunscreen Prescriptions to Increase Patient Use
    James M. Roush, Elizabeth A. Richards, Katrina Masterson, Janelle Potetz
    Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association.2023; 15(1): 19.     CrossRef
  • The role of community pharmacists in primary and secondary prevention of skin cancer: an evaluation of a Flemish skin cancer prevention campaign
    Kristiaan Proesmans, Frauke Van Vaerenbergh, Lies Lahousse
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • What Sun Protection Practices Should Be Adopted by Trainee Teachers to Reduce the Risk of Skin Cancer and Other Adverse Outcomes?
    Guillermo De Castro-Maqueda, Carolina Lagares Franco, José V. Gutiérrez-Manzanedo, Fabriziomaria Gobba, Nuria Blázquez Sánchez, Magdalena De Troya-Martin
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(2): 529.     CrossRef
  • Wrinkles, brown spots, and cancer: Relationship between appearance‐ and health‐based knowledge and sunscreen use
    Hongjing Cao, Mary Brehm, Linda Hynan, Heather W. Goff
    Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.2019; 18(2): 558.     CrossRef
  • Assessing Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Regarding Sun Safety in Female Collegiate Athletes
    Katherine Shue McGuffin, Kathleen Jordan, David Langford, Jennifer Honeycutt
    Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association.2019; 11(1): 20.     CrossRef
  • Men's information‐seeking behavior regarding cancer risk and screening: A meta‐narrative systematic review
    Mohamad M. Saab, Mary Reidy, Josephine Hegarty, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Christian Von Wagner, Frances J. Drummond
    Psycho-Oncology.2018; 27(2): 410.     CrossRef
  • Risk factors for melanoma and skin health behaviour:An analysis on Romanian melanoma patients
    Oana Fechete, Loredana Ungureanu, Simona Șenilă, Daniela Vornicescu, Sorina Dănescu, Alina Vasilovici, Elisabeta Candrea, Ștefan Vesa, Rodica Cosgarea
    Oncology Letters.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • UV-Radiation: From Physics to Impacts
    Hanns Moshammer, Stana Simic, Daniela Haluza
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2017; 14(2): 200.     CrossRef
  • Gender aspects of recreational sun‐protective behavior: results of a representative, population‐based survey among Austrian residents
    Daniela Haluza, Stana Simic, Jan Höltge, Renate Cervinka, Hanns Moshammer
    Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine.2016; 32(1): 11.     CrossRef
  • Sun Exposure Prevalence and Associated Skin Health Habits: Results from the Austrian Population-Based UVSkinRisk Survey
    Daniela Haluza, Stana Simic, Hanns Moshammer
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2016; 13(1): 141.     CrossRef
  • Sunbed Use Prevalence and Associated Skin Health Habits: Results of a Representative, Population-Based Survey among Austrian Residents
    Daniela Haluza, Stana Simic, Hanns Moshammer
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2016; 13(2): 231.     CrossRef
  • Melanoma knowledge, risk factors awareness and skin health behaviours: a populational‐based study in Central Romania
    L. Ungureanu, S. Senilă, D. Vornicescu, S.C. Vesa, R. Ionut, R. Cosgarea
    Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Public (Skin) Health perspectives of gender differences in tanning habits and sun protective behaviour: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey
    Daniela Haluza, Hanns Moshammer, Michael Kundi, Renate Cervinka
    Wiener klinische Wochenschrift.2015; 127(3-4): 124.     CrossRef
  • Validation of sun exposure and protection index (SEPI) for estimation of sun habits
    H. Detert, S. Hedlund, C.D. Anderson, Y. Rodvall, K. Festin, D.C. Whiteman, M. Falk
    Cancer Epidemiology.2015; 39(6): 986.     CrossRef
  • Perceived Relevance of Educative Information on Public (Skin) Health: Results of a Representative, Population-Based Telephone Survey
    Daniela Haluza, Markus Schwab, Stana Simic, Renate Cervinka, Hanns Moshammer
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2015; 12(11): 14260.     CrossRef
  • Connectedness to Nature and Public (Skin) Health Perspectives: Results of a Representative, Population-Based Survey among Austrian Residents
    Daniela Haluza, Stana Simic, Jan Höltge, Renate Cervinka, Hanns Moshammer
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2014; 11(1): 1176.     CrossRef
  • Public (Skin) Health and the publishing source bias of Austrian information material
    Daniela Haluza, Renate Cervinka
    Open Medicine.2014; 9(1): 169.     CrossRef
  • Temporal and Spatial Melanoma Trends in Austria: An Ecological Study
    Daniela Haluza, Stana Simic, Hanns Moshammer
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2014; 11(1): 734.     CrossRef
  • Brazilian Consensus on Photoprotection
    Sérgio Schalka, Denise Steiner, Flávia Naranjo Ravelli, Tatiana Steiner, Aripuanã Cobério Terena, Carolina Reato Marçon, Eloisa Leis Ayres, Flávia Alvim Sant'anna Addor, Helio Amante Miot, Humberto Ponzio, Ida Duarte, Jane Neffá, José Antônio Jabur da Cun
    Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia.2014; 89(6 suppl 1): 1.     CrossRef
A Survey on Status of Pregnancy and Delivery at a Rural Village, Napal(Dolakha Bazar Area).
Young Woo Ahn, Yune Sik Kang, Sin Kam, Jong Young Lee
Korean J Prev Med. 1996;29(4):721-732.
  • 1,887 View
  • 24 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was conducted to investigate the status of pregnancy and delivery and relationship among knowledge, attitude and practice about pregnancy and delivery in poor country, Nepal. A questionnaire survey by interviewer was conducted to examine the general characteristics, knowledge about pregnancy and delivery, attitude about pregnancy and delivery, the rate of prenatal care and delivery condition of women who had an experience of delivery during last year(1994. 4. 13~1995. 4. 12) at a rural area, nepal(Dolakha Bazar Area). The major findings are as follows; Among respondents, 87.5 percentage never had health education and the degree of knowledge about pregnancy and delivery was low. Among respondents, 56.6 percentage had the attitude that they didn't want antenatal care, 42.8% of respondents answered that they wouldn't visit hospital or health center when vaginal bleeding occurred and 82.9% thought that the delivery itself was dirty. The proportion of women who experienced antenatal care was 28.3%, the proportion of health facilities delivery was 5.3%, which was very low and 82.6% of home delivery case didn't sanitate the tool to cut the umbilical cord. The women who had positive attitude about antenatal care and health facility utilization experienced more antenatal care and health facilities delivery. On consideration of above findings, health education for pregnancy and delivery is required to improve mother-child health status in poor country. To make efficient health education, the target population group, such as the uneducated, inhabitants far from health center or medical facility, must be chosen. To help the poor countries in medical field, the study on health status and its related factors on these countries like this article would be required.
Summary
Factors Influencing Workers' Perception and Attitude Toward Special Periodic Health Screening Test.
Si Hyun Nam, Sin Kam, Jae Yong Park
Korean J Prev Med. 1995;28(2):334-346.
  • 2,040 View
  • 39 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
To investigate the factors influencing workers' perception and attitude toward special periodic health screening test for workers, a survey with self-administered questionnaires was performed on 279 workers who had special periodic health screening test from september 1 to October 15, 1994. A study model was developed by modifying the health belief model. The end and intermediate response variables of the model were the voluntary participation and necessity perception on the special screening for workers, and The result of analysis was consistent with the study model. Rates for the necessity perception and voluntary participation on the special1 screening for workers were 77.2%, 79.2%, respectively. Factors influencing on the voluntary participation were necessity perception, benefit of special screening for workers, and cue to action. And on the necessity perception were susceptibility and severity to occupational disease, knowledge to special screening for workers, and support of company. General and occupational characteristics influencing on the susceptibility and severity to occupational disease were sex, age, educational level, work duration, and health education. On the knowledge to special screening for workers were age, educational level, work duration, and locus-of-control. On the benefit of special screening for workers were age, locus-of-control, pride on health, and health education. Therefore, to increase the voluntary participation and necessity perception on the special periodic health screening for workers, l) if a worker is judged as occupational disease, the judgment should be widely known in his workplace, 2) the screening result forms should be directly sent to the workers themselves, 3) for the positivity of employers, the campaign and education program subjected to them should be planned, 4) health education should give the first consideration to the younger, lower educational level, and newly employed women, and its frequency should be increased and it should be more frequently dealt with occupation-related subjects, and 5) the employers should have a careful concern in not being disadvantageous to workers due to result of screening.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health