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Status of Notified Foreign-born Tuberculosis Incidents in Jeju-do, Republic of Korea
Dae Soon Kim1 , Jong-Myon Bae2,2
1Jeju Center for Infection Control, Jeju, Korea
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea
Corresponding Author: Jong-Myon Bae ,Tel: +82-64-755-5567, Fax: 064-725-2593, Email: jmbae@jejunu.ac.kr
Received: October 21, 2018;  Accepted: December 17, 2018.
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
While notified foreign-born incidents of tuberculosis (NFBIT) have increased recently, the proportion of multidrug-resistant (MDR)/rifampicin resistant (RR) is also increasing in foreigners staying in the Republic of Korea (ROK). As Jeju-do in ROK has managed no-visa entry policy, control programs for NFBIT should be consolidated. The aim was to evaluate the status of NFBIT with focusing on MDR/RR distribution by nationality. Methdos: The data of incidents of tuberculosis in Jeju-do born and in foreign born were extracted from Korean Statistical Information Service of the Statistics Korea, and the Infectious Disease Surveillance Web Statistics of the Korea Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, respectively.
Results:
The proportion of NFBIT was increasing from 1.46% in 2011 to 6.84% in 2017. China-born and Vietnam-born cases among 95 NFBIT occupied greater part. The 7 cases showed MDR/RR and they all were born in China.
Conclusions:
In conclusion, NFBIT in Jeju-do, ROK might increase in near future. Some countermeasures for controlling active tuberculosis in immigrants born in 'High Risk Nation of Tuberculosis' should be prepared in Jeju-do as a famous tourist.
Key words: Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Antitubercular agents; Drug resistance; Disease management; Internationality
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