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J Prev Med Public Health > Volume 41(1); 2008 > Article
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2008;41(1): 17-22. doi: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.1.17
Comparison of Cancer Survival by Age Group for 1997 and for 2002: Application of Period Analysis using the National Cancer Incidence Database.
Seon Hee Yim, Kyu Won Jung, Young Joo Won, Hyun Joo Kong, Hai Rim Shin
Cancer Registration and Biostatistics Branch, National Cancer Control Research Institute, National Cancer Center, Korea. hrshin@ncc.re.kr
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVES: Period analysis estimates up-to-date survival rates of cancer patients. In this approach, analysis is restricted to recent time period by left-truncating all observations at the beginning of the period and rightcensoring at its end. Here, we applied period analysis to examine changes in 5-year relative survival (RS) by age group for 1997 and for 2002. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Incidence Database, 5-year RS was estimated for 1997 and 2002 in four age groups (15-54, 55-64, 65-74, and 75 years old and over) using period analysis. After excluding death certificate-only cases, patients with an unknown date of diagnosis or follow-up length, a total of 813,889 patients diagnosed with a first primary invasive cancer during 1992-2002 were included for analysis. Followup for vital status was included until 31 December 2002. RESULTS: Five-year RS increased from 41.7% for 1997 to 46.7% for 2002. Increases in survival occurred in all age groups except in the 75 and over group. CONCLSIONS: The age gradient in cancer prognosis seems to have widened between 1997 and 2002, a finding that requires further study of prognostic factors, including stage at diagnosis. Period analysis accurately estimates survival rates, especially for cancers with better prognosis.
Key words: Survival analysis; Neoplasms; Korea
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