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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2005;38(4): 473-481.
Factors Associated with Cancer Screening Participation, Korea.
Min Son Kwak, Eun Chul Park, Jin Young Bang, Na Young Sung, Ji Young Lee, Kui Son Choi
Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation, National Cancer Center, Korea.
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVES: We wanted to identify those factors associated with stomach, colon, breast and cervix cancer screening. METHODS: A population-based telephone survey was conducted for 2 weeks (the 9th-23th of July, 2004) by trained interviewers with using a questionnaire. 2, 598 respondents (females aged 30 years or over, and the males aged 40 years or over) were selected by random-digit dialing that was based on the 2000 Population and Housing Census. The data on socio-demographic, health behavior and enabling factors were collected. 2, 571 respondents were included in analysis. The cancer screening rate was classified into 2 categories : the life time screening rate and the screening rate with recommendations. RESULTS: For the 2, 571 respondents, the life time screening rate was as follows: 52.0% (Stomach), 25.3% (Colon), 55.9% (Breast) and 76.8% (Cervix). The screening rate with recommendation was as follows: 39.2% (Stomach), 20.6% (Colon), 42.5% (Breast) and 58.3% (Cervix). On a multiple logistic regression analysis of the life time screening, statistically significant relationships were observed for the screening intention, the health exam, the disease history, the age of the patients and the cancer screening rates. On a multiple logistic regression analysis of the screening with recommendation, statistically significant relationships were observed for the screening intention, the health exam, the age of the patients, the concern about the risk of cancer, the voluntary health insurance for cancer and the cancer screening rates. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that the cancer screening intention, the health exam and the age of the patients are the most important factors to participate in life time cancer screening and also screening with recommendations. A positive association was also observed for the concern about the risk of cancer, the voluntary health insurance for cancer. It is hoped that this study will be a base line data for suggesting the representative cancer screening rate in Korea.
Key words: Cancer; Screening rates
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