Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Search
Grayson W. Armstrong 1 Article
Assessment of Tobacco Habits, Attitudes, and Education Among Medical Students in the United States and Italy: A Cross-sectional Survey
Grayson W. Armstrong, Giacomo Veronese, Paul F. George, Isacco Montroni, Giampaolo Ugolini
J Prev Med Public Health. 2017;50(3):177-187.   Published online April 14, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.061
  • 6,967 View
  • 235 Download
  • 23 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Medical students represent a primary target for tobacco cessation training. This study assessed the prevalence of medical students’ tobacco use, attitudes, clinical skills, and tobacco-related curricula in two countries, the US and Italy, with known baseline disparities in hopes of identifying potential corrective interventions.
Methods
From September to December 2013, medical students enrolled at the University of Bologna and at Brown University were recruited via email to answer survey questions assessing the prevalence of medical students’ tobacco use, attitudes and clinical skills related to patients’ smoking, and elements of medical school curricula related to tobacco use.
Results
Of the 449 medical students enrolled at Brown and the 1426 enrolled at Bologna, 174 Brown students (38.7%) and 527 Bologna students (36.9%) participated in this study. Italian students were more likely to smoke (29.5% vs. 6.1%; p<0.001) and less likely to receive smoking cessation training (9.4% vs. 80.3%; p<0.001) than their American counterparts, even though the majority of students in both countries desired smoking cessation training (98.6% at Brown, 85.4% at Bologna; p<0.001). Additionally, negative beliefs regarding tobacco usage, the absence of formal training in smoking cessation counseling, and a negative interest in receiving specific training on smoking cessation were associated with a higher risk of not investigating a patient’s smoking status during a routine history and not offering tobacco cessation treatment to patients.
Conclusions
Medical curricula on tobacco-related health hazards and on smoking cessation should be mandatory in order to reduce smoking among medical students, physicians, and patients, thereby improving tobacco-related global health.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Role Of Medical Education in Struggle Against Smoking: The Prevalance of Smoking And Related Factors in Medical Students, Çanakkale
    Buse YÜKSEL, Esen GOKCE, Coşkun BAKAR, Demet Güleç ÖYEKÇİN, Yagmur DUVA
    Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Use and Knowledge about Tobacco Products and Their Harmful Effects among University Students in Southern Croatia
    Dora Istenic, Lidia Gavic, Antonija Tadin
    Healthcare.2023; 11(5): 771.     CrossRef
  • Tobacco Cessation Curriculum in Medical Schools: a Scoping Review
    Sufian Elfandi, Hemant Poudyal
    Journal of Cancer Education.2023; 38(5): 1614.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge and Awareness of Smoking Effects and Its Cessation Methods among Medical Students in Telangana: A Questionnaire Study
    Prashanth Panta, Archana Andhavarapu, Tejaswini R Gurram, Santhi P Ravada
    World Journal of Dentistry.2023; 14(5): 447.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Cigarette Smoking and Influence of Associated Factors among Students of the University of Banja Luka: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Ivana Todorović, Feng Cheng, Stela Stojisavljević, Sonja Marinković, Stefan Kremenović, Pane Savić, Ana Golić-Jelić, Nataša Stojaković, Svjetlana Stoisavljević-Šatara, Rajko Igić, Ranko Škrbić
    Medicina.2022; 58(4): 502.     CrossRef
  • Cigarette Smoking among Medical Students from the Western Balkan
    Miloš Ilić, Maja Grujičić, Budimka Novaković, Aleksandra Vrkatić, Zagorka Lozanov-Crvenković
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(5): 3055.     CrossRef
  • Training Tobacco Treatment Specialists through Virtual Asynchronous Learning
    Audrey Darville, Kathy Rademacher, Amanda T. Wiggins, Mary Grace Lenhof, Ellen J. Hahn
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(6): 3201.     CrossRef
  • Perceptions and preparedness toward tobacco cessation counseling amongst clinical medical students in Chongqing, Southwest China: A cross-sectional study
    Chuang Yang, Wenjin He, Ruihang Deng, Mohan Giri, Haiyun Dai
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Tobacco Consumption Among Young Population in Rural Indonesia: Prevalence and Associated Factors
    Diyan Ermawan Effendi, Arief Priyo Nugroho, Sri Handayani, Risqa Novita, Sidiq Purwoko, Zulfa Auliyati Agustina
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 10(E): 1178.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among Subjects Visiting the Tobacco Cessation Clinic
    Aiswarya Vijayakrishna, Sharad Chand, U. P. Nandakumar, Santosh Prabhu, Manoj S. Dikkatwar, B. C. Vinay, Juno J. Joel
    Global Journal of Medical, Pharmaceutical, and Biomedical Update.2022; 17: 19.     CrossRef
  • Assessing Smoking Habits, Attitudes, Knowledge, and Needs among University Students at the University of Milan, Italy
    Laura Campo, Silvia Lumia, Silvia Fustinoni
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(19): 12527.     CrossRef
  • Tobacco Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use among Domestic and International Medical Students in Hungary
    Erika Balogh, Zoltán Wagner, Nóra Faubl, Henna Riemenschneider, Karen Voigt, András Terebessy, Ferenc Horváth, Zsuzsanna Füzesi, István Kiss
    Substance Use & Misuse.2021; 56(4): 493.     CrossRef
  • Tobacco use and related behaviors among staff and students in a university hospital: A large cross-sectional survey
    Emmanuel Grolleau, Véronique Fonteille, Caroline Lebourgeois, Marie Darrason, Philippe Michel, Delphine Ragonnet, Gilles Freyer, Amélie Deculty, Carine Gippet, Céline Leclerq, Carole Neugnot, Radoudja Malek, Odile Perdriolat, Michele Rigaud, Séverine Torr
    Tobacco Prevention & Cessation.2021; 7(July): 1.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge and attitudes towards smoking cessation counselling: an Italian cross-sectional survey on tertiary care nursing staff
    Laura Maniscalco, Salvatore Barretta, Giuseppe Pizzo, Domenica Matranga
    PeerJ.2021; 9: e12213.     CrossRef
  • Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess Smoking Habits, Attitudes, Knowledge, and Needs among University Students: A Pilot Study among Obstetrics Students
    Laura Campo, Francesca Vecera, Silvia Fustinoni
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(22): 11873.     CrossRef
  • First-year French medical students consume antidepressants and anxiolytics while second-years consume non-medical drugs.
    G. Fond, A. Bourbon, M. Boucekine, M. Messiaen, V. Barrow, P. Auquier, C. Lançon, L. Boyer
    Journal of Affective Disorders.2020; 265: 71.     CrossRef
  • Mental Health Disturbances and Related Problems in Italian University Medical Students from 2000 to 2020: An Integrative Review of Qualitative and Quantitative Studies
    Gaia Sampogna, Giovanni Marcos Lovisi, Francesca Zinno, Valeria Del Vecchio, Mario Luciano, Érika Gonçalves Loureiro Sol, Roberto José Gervásio Unger, Antonio Ventriglio, Andrea Fiorillo
    Medicina.2020; 57(1): 11.     CrossRef
  • Apprentissage de l’aide au sevrage tabagique dans les formations médicales au Liban
    Hala El Kahi, Fady Haddad, Sani Hlais
    Santé Publique.2020; Vol. 32(1): 57.     CrossRef
  • Preferences in Sleep Position Correlate With Nighttime Paresthesias in Healthy People Without Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    Carrie L. Roth Bettlach, Jessica M. Hasak, Emily M. Krauss, Jenny L. Yu, Gary B. Skolnick, Greta N. Bodway, Lorna C. Kahn, Susan E. Mackinnon
    HAND.2019; 14(2): 163.     CrossRef
  • Perception of health professions students of their role model status in Toombak cessation: A cross-sectional study from Sudan
    Hatim Mohammed Almahdi, Raouf Wahab Ali, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Elwalid Fadul Nasir, Pranil Man Singh Pradhan
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(2): e0210837.     CrossRef
  • Anxiolytic consumption is associated with tobacco smoking and severe nicotine dependence. Results from the national French medical students (BOURBON) study
    A. Bourbon, L. Boyer, P. Auquier, M. Boucekine, V. Barrow, C. Lançon, G. Fond
    Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry.2019; 94: 109645.     CrossRef
  • Psychiatry: A discipline at specific risk of mental health issues and addictive behavior? Results from the national BOURBON study
    G. Fond, A. Bourbon, J-A. Micoulaud-Franchi, P. Auquier, L. Boyer, C. Lançon
    Journal of Affective Disorders.2018; 238: 534.     CrossRef
  • Estudio de corte transversal sobre el estado de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de médicos colombianos ante el tabaquismo
    Claudia Ximena Robayo-González, Juan Carlos Uribe-Caputi
    MedUNAB.2018; 20(3): 327.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health