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Junsoo Ro 3 Articles
Factors That Affect Suicidal Attempt Risk Among Korean Elderly Adults: A Path Analysis
Junsoo Ro, Jongheon Park, Jinsuk Lee, Hyemin Jung
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(1):28-37.   Published online January 14, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.030
  • 11,349 View
  • 158 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Among the Korean elderly (those 65 years of age and older), the suicide rate is 80.3/100 000 people, which is ten times higher than the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development average. Because South Korea is rapidly becoming an aging population, this high elderly suicidal rate will only get worse. Although the size of the elderly suicide problem is quite large, previous research in South Korea has surveyed restricted areas and not the entire country. Even though the factors that affect elderly suicide are complicated, there has been little research into these influencing factors. Thus, this research uses the national survey data (Community Health Survey) that was obtained in 2009. Additionally, we analyze factors affecting elderly suicidal ideation and attempts as well as the paths of these effects.
Methods
Community Health Survey data obtained by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2009 was used for this study. We additionally examined the factors that affect suicide with chi-squared tests, t-tests, Pearson’s correlation test, and path analysis.
Results
Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation are the only factors that directly affect suicidal attempts. Demographic, behavioral, and physical activity factors have indirect effects on suicidal attempts.
Conclusions
Depression has the strongest influence on suicidal ideation and attempts. Demographic, behavioral, and physical activity factors affect suicidal attempts mostly through depressive symptoms. In addition, there is a path that suggests that demographic, behavioral, and physical activity factors affect suicidal attempts not through depression symptoms but only through suicidal ideation. This means that the elderly who do not have depression symptoms attempt suicide according to their own situations and characteristics.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Socioeconomic factors associated with suicidal behaviors in South Korea: systematic review on the current state of evidence
    Nicolas Raschke, Amir Mohsenpour, Leona Aschentrup, Florian Fischer, Kamil J. Wrona
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Suicidal Behavior Among Elderly Inpatients: its Relation to Functional Disability and Pain
    Suzaily Wahab, Tien Yong Chua, Rosdinom Razali, Zanariah Mat Saher, Iman Hakimi Zamzam, Mohamad Adam Bujang
    Psychology Research and Behavior Management.2022; Volume 15: 737.     CrossRef
  • Parks and green areas and the risk for depression and suicidal indicators
    Kyoung-bok Min, Hyun-Jin Kim, Hye-Jin Kim, Jin-young Min
    International Journal of Public Health.2017; 62(6): 647.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Predictive Factors of Depression in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in South Korea
    Jae Soon Yoo, Sun Ju Chang, Hyun Sook Kim
    Research and Theory for Nursing Practice.2016; 30(3): 200.     CrossRef
The Impact of an Emergency Fee Increase on the Composition of Patients Visiting Emergency Departments
Hyemin Jung, Young Kyung Do, Yoon Kim, Junsoo Ro
J Prev Med Public Health. 2014;47(6):309-316.   Published online November 24, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.044
  • 8,916 View
  • 110 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aimed to test our hypothesis that a raise in the emergency fee implemented on March 1, 2013 has increased the proportion of patients with emergent symptoms by discouraging non-urgent emergency department visits.
Methods
We conducted an analysis of 728 736 patients registered in the National Emergency Department Information System who visited level 1 and level 2 emergency medical institutes in the two-month time period from February 1, 2013, one month before the raise in the emergency fee, to March 31, 2013, one month after the raise. A difference-in-difference method was used to estimate the net effects of a raise in the emergency fee on the probability that an emergency visit is for urgent conditions.
Results
The percentage of emergency department visits in urgent or equivalent patients increased by 2.4% points, from 74.2% before to 76.6% after the policy implementation. In a group of patients transferred using public transport or ambulance, who were assumed to be least conscious of cost, the change in the proportion of urgent patients was not statistically significant. On the other hand, the probability that a group of patients directly presenting to the emergency department by private transport, assumed to be most conscious of cost, showed a 2.4% point increase in urgent conditions (p<0.001). This trend appeared to be consistent across the level 1 and level 2 emergency medical institutes.
Conclusions
A raise in the emergency fee implemented on March 1, 2013 increased the proportion of urgent patients in the total emergency visits by reducing emergency department visits by non-urgent patients.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health