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Yukyung Park 3 Articles
Mainstreaming of Health Equity in Infectious Disease Control Policy During the COVID-19 Pandemic Era
Hongjo Choi, Seong-Yi Kim, Jung-Woo Kim, Yukyung Park, Myoung-Hee Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(1):1-7.   Published online January 15, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.593
  • 5,205 View
  • 302 Download
  • 8 Web of Science
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
The Korean government’s strategy to combat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has focused on non-pharmaceutical interventions, such as social distancing and wearing masks, along with testing, tracing, and treatment; overall, its performance has been relatively good compared to that of many other countries heavily affected by COVID-19. However, little attention has been paid to health equity in measures to control the COVID-19 pandemic. The study aimed to examine the unequal impacts of COVID-19 across socioeconomic groups and to suggest potential solutions to tackle these inequalities. The pathways linking social determinants and health could be entry points to tackle the unequal consequences of this public health emergency. It is crucial for infectious disease policy to consider social determinants of health including poor housing, precarious working conditions, disrupted healthcare services, and suspension of social services. Moreover, the high levels of uncertainty and complexity inherent in this public health emergency, as well as the health and socioeconomic inequalities caused by the pandemic, underscore the need for good governance other than top-down measures by the government. We emphasize that a people-centered perspective is a key approach during the pandemic era. Mutual trust between the state and civil society, strong accountability of the government, and civic participation are essential components of cooperative disaster governance.
Summary
Korean summary
"이 연구는 코로나19 대유행이 건강불평등에 미치는 영향을 검토하고, 불평등 완화 방안을 제시하고자 한다. 건강의 사회적 결정요인은 코로나19와 건강불평등을 이해하기 위한 출발점이다. 건강의 사회적 결정요인은 코로나19 감염과 그로 인한 사망 등 직접영향 경로와 코로나19 대응과정의 문제로 건강불평등을 야기하는 간접영향 경로에 모두 관여한다. 공중보건위기로 인한 건강불평등을 줄이기 위해서는 시민참여를 통한 협력적 거버넌스 강화와 모든 건강정책에서 사람중심돌봄의 관점을 견지하는 것이 필요하다."

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • How have researchers defined institutions, politics, organizations and governance in research related to epidemic and pandemic response? A scoping review to map current concepts
    Austin Wu, Shivangi Khanna, Shelly Keidar, Peter Berman, Laura Jane Brubacher
    Health Policy and Planning.2023; 38(3): 377.     CrossRef
  • Public health emergency preparedness for infectious disease emergencies: a scoping review of recent evidence
    Jessica M Lee, Rachel Jansen, Kate E Sanderson, Fiona Guerra, Sue Keller-Olaman, Michelle Murti, Tracey L O’Sullivan, Madelyn P Law, Brian Schwartz, Laura E Bourns, Yasmin Khan
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Illustrating the impact of commercial determinants of health on the global COVID-19 pandemic: Thematic analysis of 16 country case studies
    Toby Freeman, Fran Baum, Connie Musolino, Joanne Flavel, Martin McKee, Chunhuei Chi, Camila Giugliani, Matheus Zuliane Falcão, Wim De Ceukelaire, Philippa Howden-Chapman, Thanh Huong Nguyen, Hani Serag, Sun Kim, Alvarez Dardet Carlos, Hailay Abrha Gesesew
    Health Policy.2023; 134: 104860.     CrossRef
  • Ambient PM2.5 exposures could increase risk of tuberculosis recurrence
    Kyung-Duk Min, Sun-Young Kim, Sung-il Cho
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine.2023; 28: 48.     CrossRef
  • Unequal burdens of COVID-19 infection: a nationwide cohort study of COVID-19-related health inequalities in Korea
    Jeangeun Jeon, Jieun Park, Min-Hyeok Choi, Hongjo Choi, Myoung-Hee Kim
    Epidemiology and Health.2023; 45: e2023068.     CrossRef
  • The Unequal Effects of Social Distancing Policy on Subway Ridership during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Seoul, South Korea
    Jaeyoung Ha, Suyoung Jo, Hee-kyoung Nam, Sung-il Cho
    Journal of Urban Health.2022; 99(1): 77.     CrossRef
  • Disaster vulnerability and community resilience factors affecting post-disaster wellness: A longitudinal analysis of the Survey on the Change of Life of Disaster Victim
    Jimin Gim, Sangjoon Shin
    International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction.2022; 81: 103273.     CrossRef
  • Disaster Vulnerability and Community Resilience Factors Affecting Post-Disaster Wellness
    Jimin Gim, Sangjoon Shin
    SSRN Electronic Journal .2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Pleading Voices Behind Bars: Health Equity for Detainees During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Philippines
    Dalmacito A. Cordero
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2021; 54(6): 481.     CrossRef
Public Participation in the Process of Local Public Health Policy, Using Policy Network Analysis
Yukyung Park, Chang-yup Kim, Myoung Soon You, Kun Sei Lee, Eunyoung Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2014;47(6):298-308.   Published online November 11, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.029
  • 11,816 View
  • 114 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To assess the current public participation in-local health policy and its implications through the analysis of policy networks in health center programs.
Methods
We examined the decision-making process in sub-health center installations and the implementation process in metabolic syndrome management program cases in two districts (‘gu’s) of Seoul. Participants of the policy network were selected by the snowballing method and completed self-administered questionnaires. Actors, the interactions among actors, and the characteristics of the network were analyzed by Netminer.
Results
The results showed that the public is not yet actively participating in the local public health policy processes of decision-making and implementation. In the decision-making process, most of the network actors were in the public sector, while the private sector was a minor actor and participated in only a limited number of issues after the major decisions were made. In the implementation process, the program was led by the health center, while other actors participated passively.
Conclusions
Public participation in Korean public health policy is not yet well activated. Preliminary discussions with various stakeholders, including civil society, are needed before making important local public health policy decisions. In addition, efforts to include local institutions and residents in the implementation process with the public officials are necessary to improve the situation.
Summary
Association Between Local Government Social Expenditures and Mortality Levels in Korea
Hansoo Ko, Jinseob Kim, Donggil Kim, Saerom Kim, Yukyung Park, Chang-yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2013;46(1):1-9.   Published online January 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.1.1
  • 8,309 View
  • 72 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

We examined the association between social expenditures of the local government and the mortality level in Korea, 2004 to 2010.

Methods

We used social expenditure data of 230 local governments during 2004 to 2010 from the Social Expenditure Database prepared by the Korean Institute for Health and Social Affairs. Fixed effect panel data regression analysis was adopted to look for associations between social expenditures and age-standardized mortality and the premature death index.

Results

Social expenditures of local governments per capita was not significantly associated with standardized mortality but was associated with the premature death index (decline of 1.0 [for males] and 0.5 [for females] for each expenditure of 100 000 Korean won, i.e., approximately 100 US dollar). As an index of the voluntary effort of local governments, the self-managed project ratio was associated with a decline in the standardized mortality in females (decline of 0.4 for each increase of 1%). The share of health care was not significant.

Conclusions

There were associations between social expenditures of the local government and the mortality level in Korea. In particular, social expenditures per capita were significantly associated with a decline in premature death. However, the voluntary efforts of local governments were not significantly related to the decline in premature death.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Public health management: systemic analysis of social determinants of health in Brazilian municipalities
    Francisco Carlos Carvalho de Melo, Rodolfo Ferreira Ribeiro da Costa, Jansen Maia Del Corso
    Health Policy and Planning.2020; 35(2): 123.     CrossRef
  • The effect of contextual factors on unintentional injury hospitalization: from the Korea National Hospital Discharge Survey
    Hye Ah Lee, Hyejin Han, Seonhwa Lee, Bomi Park, Bo Hyun Park, Won Kyung Lee, Ju Ok Park, Sungok Hong, Young Taek Kim, Hyesook Park
    BMC Public Health.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health