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J Prev Med Public Health > Volume 43(4); 2010 > Article
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2010;43(4): 292-300. doi: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.4.292
Factors Related to Perceived Life Satisfaction Among the Elderly in South Korea.
Minsoo Jung, Carles Muntaner, Mankyu Choi
1Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Korea.
2Center for Addictions and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Canada.
3Department of Healthcare Management, College of Health Science, Korea University, Korea. mkchoi@korea.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVES: This study attempted to explore the aging phenomena that now characterize much of Korean society, and assessed issues associated with the life satisfaction experienced during the process of aging. METHODS: By employing the National Survey on the State of Life and the Desire for Welfare of the Elderly, 2004 in South Korea this study attempted to identify the factors that determine subjective life satisfaction among the elderly. The data utilized herein consisted of 3278 elderly people aged 65 years or older, from 9308 households. RESULTS: The results of analysis from the final model after the introduction of 19 variables in 8 factors showed statistically similar explanatory power in men (adj. R2=0.320) and in women (adj. R2=0.346). We found that economic condition was the most influential factor in both men (B=0.278) and women (B=0.336) except perceived health condition variables. The second most influential variable in life satisfaction was health checkups in men (B=0.128) and degree of nutritional diet in women (B=0.145). Those who had experience with chronic diseases also reported significantly lower perceived life satisfaction and this was particularly true of women. CONCLUSIONS: The aging society requires an understanding of the lives of elderly individuals. This study explored factors associated with life satisfaction in old age by using a life satisfaction model. The success of an aging society begins with an accurate understanding of the elderly, and thus political attention will need to be focused on this matter.
Key words: Aged; Life satisfaction; Social support; Chronic disease; Socioeconomic position; South Korea
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