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J Prev Med Public Health > Volume 43(1); 2010 > Article
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2010;43(1): 50-61. doi: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.1.50
Socioeconomic Inequity in Self-Rated Health Status and Contribution of Health Behavioral Factors in Korea.
Minkyung Kim, Woojin Chung, Seungji Lim, Soojin Yoon, Jakyoung Lee, Eunkyung Kim, Lanju Ko
1Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Korea. sjlim@yuhs.ac
2Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University, Korea.
OBJECTIVES: The study is investigated socioeconomic variations in self-rated health status and contribution of health behavioral factors in Korea. METHODS: A nationally representative sample (2,800 men and 3,230 women aged 20-64 years) from the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Surveys was analyzed using logistic regression. RESULTS: Self-rated health was lower among lower socioeconomic groups compared with higher socioeconomic groups, with gender being irrelevant. This association was attenuated when health behavioral and socio-demographic factors were adjusted. When each health behavioral factor was considered separately, mediators such as smoking in men, and stress or exercise in women explained a large part of the decreased socioeconomic health inequalities. CONCLUSIONS: In Korea, subjective health inequalities arise from different socioeconomic status, but this difference is decreased by health behavioral factors. Therefore, socioeconomic inequity in self-rated health status can be corrected more effectively by promotional health behaviors.
Key words: Social class; Health status; Socioeconomic factors; Health behavior; Korea
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