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Self-esteem as a Moderator of the Effects of Happiness, Depression, and Hostility on Suicidal Tendencies Among Early Adolescents
Yeun-Soon Choi1, Hee Kyoung Shin2, Dae-Yong Hong1, Jang-Rak Kim1, Yune-Sik Kang1, Baekgeun Jeong1, Ki Soo Park1, KEY HYO LEE3 , KEY HYO LEE3
1Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University, JINJU, Korea
2Department of Nursing, Inje University, BUSAN, Korea
3SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, INJE UNIVERSITY, BUSAN, Korea
Corresponding Author: KEY HYO LEE ,Tel: 82518906876, Fax: 0518967238, Email: keyinje@gmail.com
Received: April 30, 2018;  Accepted: January 2, 2019.
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of self-esteem as a moderator of the factors influencing suicidal tendencies among middle-schoolers.
Method:
Moderated multiple regression analysis was applied to assess the influence of happiness, depression, and hostility on suicidal tendencies and to determine the degree to which self-esteem served as a moderator of those relationships. Data were collected from 268 students at a middle school in Busan, Korea, using a self-administered structured questionnaire.
Results:
Happiness, depression, and hostility had significant direct effects on suicidal tendencies. Self-esteem showed no direct effect, but had a significant moderating effect on the relationship between hostility and suicidal behavior.
Conclusions:
These results suggest that various interventions, such as counseling programs, should be designed to alleviate hostility and depression and to enhance happiness and self-esteem among early adolescents.
Key words: Suicidal propensity; Hostility; Self-esteem; Early youth
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