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4 "Kyoung-Bok Min"
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Impact of Physical Activity on the Association Between Unhealthy Adolescent Behaviors and Anxiety Among Korean Adolescents: A Cross-sectional Study
Hyo-jung Lee, Jeong Pil Choi, Kunhee Oh, Jin-Young Min, Kyoung-Bok Min
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(6):552-562.   Published online November 15, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.23.313
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  • 78 Download
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Objectives
Adolescents who engage in unhealthy behaviors are particularly vulnerable to anxiety. We hypothesized that participation in physical activity could influence the relationship between anxiety and unhealthy behaviors in adolescents. These behaviors include smoking, alcohol consumption, and unsafe sexual activity.
Methods
This study included 50 301 students from the first year of middle school to the third year of high school, all from Korea. The unhealthy adolescent behaviors examined included current alcohol consumption, current smoking, and unsafe sexual behavior. Anxiety levels were assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaire (GAD-7).
Results
The participants had a mean age of 15.19 years and an average GAD-7 score of 4.23. No significant differences were observed in GAD-7 score among exercising participants when categorized by smoking status (p=0.835) or unsafe sexual behavior (p=0.489). In contrast, participants in the non-exercise group who engaged in these behaviors demonstrated significantly higher GAD-7 scores (p<0.001 and 0.016, respectively). The only significant interaction was found between unsafe sexual behavior and exercise (p=0.009). Based on logistic regression analysis, within the non-exercise group, significant positive associations were observed between current smoking and anxiety (odds ratio [OR], 1.36; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18 to 1.57), as well as between unsafe sexual behavior and anxiety (OR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.73). However, within the exercise group, no significant association was found between anxiety and either smoking or unsafe sexual behavior. Furthermore, no significant interaction was observed between unhealthy behaviors and exercise.
Conclusions
These findings are insufficient to conclude that physical activity influences the relationship between unhealthy behaviors and anxiety.
Summary
Korean summary
이 연구는 신체활동이 한국 청소년들사이에서 불안과 불건강행태간의 관계에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 조사하였다. 이 연구에서 신체활동을 하지 않는 청소년에서만 흡연 및 불안전한 성행위와 같은 불건강행태와 불안 간의 유의미한 연관성을 보였음에도 불구하고, 이러한 불건강행태와 운동 간에는 같은 방향의 유의미한 상호작용이 관찰되지 않았다. 따라서 이 연구는 신체 활동이 청소년들의 불건강행태와 불안간의 관계에 직접 미치는 영향에 대해 명확하게 결론을 내릴 수 없었다.
Key Message
Among Korean adolescents, this study found that significant associations between unhealthy behaviors such as smoking and unsafe sex, and anxiety were only observed in adolescents who did not engage in physical activity. Despite this, no significant interaction was observed between these unhealthy behaviors and exercise. Contrary to popular belief, this study concludes that the evidence is insufficient to definitively say that physical activity influences the relationship between adolescent unhealthy behaviors and anxiety.
Association Between Cadmium Exposure and Liver Function in Adults in the United States: A Cross-sectional Study
Dongui Hong, Jin-Young Min, Kyoung-Bok Min
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(6):471-480.   Published online November 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.435
  • 3,918 View
  • 146 Download
  • 21 Web of Science
  • 21 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Cadmium is widely used, leading to extensive environmental and occupational exposure. Unlike other organs, for which the harmful and carcinogenic effects of cadmium have been established, the hepatotoxicity of cadmium remains unclear. Some studies detected correlations between cadmium exposure and hepatotoxicity, but others concluded that they were not associated. Thus, we investigated the relationship between cadmium and liver damage in the general population.
Methods
In total, 11 838 adult participants from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2015 were included. Urinary cadmium levels and the following liver function parameters were measured: alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), total bilirubin (TB), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Linear and logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the associations between urinary cadmium concentrations and each liver function parameter after adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, annual family income, smoking status, alcohol consumption status, physical activity, and body mass index.
Results
The covariate-adjusted results of the linear regression analyses showed significant positive relationships between log-transformed urinary cadmium levels and each log-transformed liver function parameter, where beta±standard error of ALT, AST, GGT, TB, and ALP were 0.049±0.008 (p<0.001), 0.030±0.006 (p<0.001), 0.093±0.011 (p<0.001), 0.034±0.009 (p<0.001), and 0.040±0.005 (p<0.001), respectively. Logistic regression also revealed statistically significant results. The odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of elevated ALT, AST, GGT, TB, and ALP per unit increase in log-transformed urinary cadmium concentration were 1.360 (1.210 to 1.528), 1.307 (1.149 to 1.486), 1.520 (1.357 to 1.704), 1.201 (1.003 to 1.438), and 1.568 (1.277 to 1.926), respectively.
Conclusions
Chronic exposure to cadmium showed positive associations with liver damage.
Summary
Korean summary
카드뮴은 사회 전반에서 널리 쓰이고 있어 직업적인 노출은 물론 환경적인 노출이 빈번히 일어나고 있다. 본 연구는 미국 국민건강영양조사 데이터를 이용하였으며 소변 내 카드뮴의 증가는 알라닌 아미노전이효소 (ALT), 아스파테이트 아미노전이효소 (AST), 감마 글루타밀전이효소 (GGT), 총 빌리루빈, 알칼리 인산분해효소 (ALP)의 상승과 관련이 있었다. 따라서 만성적인 카드뮴 노출은 간 손상과 연관이 있다고 할 수 있다.

Citations

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  • Cadmium-associated protein changes in residents of contaminated areas: Abandoned mine and smelter
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  • Correlation between urinary rare earth elements and liver function in a Zhuang population aged 35–74 years in Nanning
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    Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology.2024; 84: 127426.     CrossRef
  • Changes in Endogenous Essential Metal Homeostasis in the Liver and Kidneys during a Six-Month Follow-Up Period after Subchronic Cadmium Exposure
    Rafał Kusak, Marzenna Nasiadek, Joanna Stragierowicz, Wojciech Hanke, Anna Kilanowicz
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2024; 25(7): 3829.     CrossRef
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    Biological Trace Element Research.2023; 201(3): 1101.     CrossRef
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    Mazyar Yazdani, Sonia Distante, Lars Mørkrid, Rune J. Ulvik, Bjørn J. Bolann
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    Wenjie Li, Xinyan Li, Jing Su, Han Chen, Ping Zhao, Haisheng Qian, Xin Gao, Qiang Ye, Guoxin Zhang, Xuan Li
    Chemosphere.2023; 317: 137854.     CrossRef
  • MCU Upregulation Overactivates Mitophagy by Promoting VDAC1 Dimerization and Ubiquitination in the Hepatotoxicity of Cadmium
    Cong Liu, Hui‐Juan Li, Wei‐Xia Duan, Yu Duan, Qin Yu, Tian Zhang, Ya‐Pei Sun, Yuan‐Yuan Li, Yong‐Sheng Liu, Shang‐Cheng Xu
    Advanced Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of Environmental Cadmium Exposure on the Liver in Korean Adults: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Studies
    Mi-Na Seo, Sang-Yong Eom, Ji-Ae Lim, Jung-Eum Lee, Byung-Sun Choi, Ho-Jang Kwon, Young-Seoub Hong, Heon Kim, Jung-Duck Park
    Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.2023; 84(2): 237.     CrossRef
  • Estimation of health risks associated with dietary cadmium exposure
    Soisungwan Satarug, David A. Vesey, Glenda C. Gobe, Kenneth R. Phelps
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    Arianna Dolce, Sara Della Torre
    Nutrients.2023; 15(10): 2335.     CrossRef
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    Cao Zhaohui, Tang Cifei, Huang Di, Zeng Weijia, Han Cairui, Li Zecong, Hu Xiaobo
    Environmental Toxicology.2023; 38(9): 2271.     CrossRef
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    Soisungwan Satarug, Glenda C. Gobe, David A. Vesey
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  • The function of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in response to cadmium exposure
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    Soisungwan Satarug, David A. Vesey, Glenda C. Gobe
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Association Between the Frequency of Eating Non-home-prepared Meals and Women Infertility in the United States
Sohyae Lee, Jin-young Min, Hye-Jin Kim, Kyoung-bok Min
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(2):73-81.   Published online February 10, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.218
  • 7,696 View
  • 264 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to determine whether eating non-home-prepared meals (NHPM), including fast food, ready-to-eat foods, and frozen foods, was associated with self-reported infertility in the United States women. Methods: Data on diet and infertility from women aged 20-49 years who participated in the 2013-2014 and 2015-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were analyzed (n=2143). Dietary information, including the number and types of NHPM consumed, was obtained from a self-reported questionnaire, and infertility status was analyzed using the following question, “Have you ever attempted to become pregnant over a period of at least a year without becoming pregnant?” Results: The frequency of NHPM consumption was positively associated with self-reported infertility after adjusting for confounding effects (odds ratio [OR], 2.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.48 to 5.38 of >1 vs. 0 NHPM/d). The odds of infertility were 2-3 times higher in women who consumed fast food than in those who did not consume fast food (OR, 2.73; 95% CI, 1.15 to 6.48 of >1 vs. 0 times/d). Conclusions: The frequency and types of NHPM may be a factor contributing to infertility. Although our findings require confirmation, they suggest that eating out may be deleterious to women fecundity.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구에서는 미국 국민건강영양조사 자료를 사용하여 패스트푸드, 냉동식품, 그리고 포장하여 판매하는 음식과 같이 집에서 조리하지 않은 음식 섭취와 불임의 연관성을 분석하였다. 잠재적인 교란변수들을 통제하여 분석한 결과 집에서 조리하지 않은 음식 섭취 횟수는 불임과 연관이 있는 것으로 나타났다 (OR 2.82, 95% CI 1.48 to 5.38 of >1 vs. 0 NHPM/d).

Citations

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  • Assessing the influence of preconception diet on female fertility: a systematic scoping review of observational studies
    Simon Alesi, Nahal Habibi, Thais Rasia Silva, Nicole Cheung, Sophia Torkel, Chau Thien Tay, Alejandra Quinteros, Hugo Winter, Helena Teede, Aya Mousa, Jessica A Grieger, Lisa J Moran
    Human Reproduction Update.2023; 29(6): 811.     CrossRef
  • Environmental factors in declining human fertility
    Niels E. Skakkebæk, Rune Lindahl-Jacobsen, Hagai Levine, Anna-Maria Andersson, Niels Jørgensen, Katharina M. Main, Øjvind Lidegaard, Lærke Priskorn, Stine A. Holmboe, Elvira V. Bräuner, Kristian Almstrup, Luiz R. Franca, Ariana Znaor, Andreas Kortenkamp,
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  • Impact of Ready-Meal Consumption during Pregnancy on Birth Outcomes: The Japan Environment and Children’s Study
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Replication of Early B-cell Factor 1 (EBF1) Gene-by-psychosocial Stress Interaction Effects on Central Adiposity in a Korean Population
Hyun-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min, Kyoung-Bok Min
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(5):253-259.   Published online July 10, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.028
  • 9,833 View
  • 157 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Central obesity plays a major role in the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and cancer. Chronic stress may be involved in the pathophysiology of central obesity. Although several large-scale genome-wide association studies have reported susceptibility genes for central adiposity, the effects of interactions between genes and psychosocial stress on central adiposity have rarely been examined. A recent study focusing on Caucasians discovered the novel gene , which was associated with central obesity-related traits via interactions with stress levels. We aimed to evaluate EBF1 gene-by-stress interaction effects on central adiposity traits, including visceral adipose tissue (VAT), in Korean adults.
Methods
A total of 1467 Korean adults were included in this study. We selected 22 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the EBF1 gene and analyzed their interactions with stress on central adiposity using additive, dominant, and recessive genetic modeling.
Results
The four SNPs that had strong linkage disequilibrium relationships (rs10061900, rs10070743, rs4704967, and rs10056564) demonstrated significant interactions with the waist-hip ratio in the dominant model (pint<0.007). In addition, two other SNPs (rs6556377 and rs13180086) were associated with VAT by interactions with stress levels, especially in the recessive genetic model (pint<0.007). As stress levels increased, the mean values of central adiposity traits according to SNP genotypes exhibited gradual but significant changes (p<0.05).
Conclusions
These results suggest that the common genetic variants for EBF1 are associated with central adiposity through interactions with stress levels, emphasizing the importance of managing stress in the prevention of central obesity.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Nipping Adipocyte Inflammation in the Bud
    Michael J. Griffin
    Immunometabolism.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Hong Xiang, Zhu-Xia Zhong, Yong-Dong Peng, Si-Wen Jiang
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2017; 18(7): 1367.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health