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Original Articles
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Dengue Prevention Among Health Volunteers in an Urban Area – Malang, Indonesia
Alidha Nur Rakhmani, Lilik Zuhriyah
J Prev Med Public Health. 2024;57(2):176-184.   Published online February 21, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.23.484
  • 1,324 View
  • 93 Download
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Objectives
The dengue prevention program known as “One House One Mosquito Larva Inspector” involves health volunteers who play a crucial role in the surveillance of mosquito larvae and reporting their findings to local public health officials. This study aimed to identify factors related to the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of dengue prevention behavior among these health volunteers.
Methods
A study was conducted in 5 sub-districts in Malang, an urban area in Indonesia. We employed a cross-sectional design and utilized a semi-structured questionnaire to assess the KAP of 400 health volunteers. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews.
Results
Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that individuals with a more positive attitude (odds ratio [OR], 1.69; p<0.05) and those with family sizes greater than five persons (OR, 1.90; p<0.05) were more likely to engage in effective dengue prevention practices. Additionally, possesing good knowledge was significantly assocated with more positive attitude (OR, 2.24; p<0.001). Furthermore, 40% reduction in positive attitude was observed in those over 45 years (OR, 0.60; p<0.05). The best practices most frequently reported by the majority of respondents included always reporting their surveillance activities (75.8%) and cleaning the water container in the bathroom at least once a week (65.2%). However, only 52.2% of respondents regularly checked for mosquito larvae in their neighborhood.
Conclusions
Sustainable promotion and training for the “One House One Mosquito Larva Inspector” initiative are necessary, particularly among young health volunteers, to improve dengue prevention behaviors both within their own homes and in the surrounding environment.
Summary
Key Message
The study among health volunteers emphasizes that better knowledge and younger age < 45 were associated with a positive attitude. While a positive attitude and family size > 5 persons were associated with better dengue prevention practices. Therefore, there is a need for sustained promotion and training among health volunteers to enhance the knowledge and attitude that may shape good dengue prevention practices.
The Outcomes of an e-Wellness Program for Lupus Patients in Thailand: A Participatory Action Research Approach
Nop T. Ratanasiripong, Steven Cahill, Christine Crane, Paul Ratanasiripong
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(2):154-163.   Published online March 9, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.491
  • 2,637 View
  • 119 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or lupus patients usually experience various physical and psychological challenges. Since the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, these challenges have become even harsher. Using the participatory action research approach, this study evaluated how an e-wellness program (eWP) impacted SLE-related knowledge and health behaviors, mental health, and quality of life among lupus patients in Thailand.
Methods
A 1-group, pretest-posttest design study was conducted among a purposive sample of lupus patients who were members of Thai SLE Foundation. The 2 main intervention components were: (1) online social support, and (2) lifestyle and stress management workshops. Sixty-eight participants completed all the study requirements, including the Physical and Psychosocial Health Assessment questionnaire.
Results
After being in the eWP for 3 months, participants’ mean score for SLE-related knowledge increased significantly (t=5.3, p<0.001). The increase in sleep hours was statistically significant (Z=-3.1, p<0.01), with the percentage of participants who slept less than 7 hours decreasing from 52.9% to 29.0%. The percentage of participants reporting sun exposure decreased from 17.7% to 8.8%. The participants also reported significantly lower stress (t(66)=-4.4, p<0.001) and anxiety (t(67)=-2.9, p=0.005). The post-eWP quality of life scores for the pain, planning, intimate relationship, burden to others, emotional health, and fatigue domains also improved significantly (p<0.05).
Conclusions
The overall outcomes showed promising results of improved self-care knowledge, health behaviors, mental health status, and quality of life. It is recommended that the SLE Foundation continues to use the eWP model to help the lupus patient community.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Positive psychological capital, post-traumatic growth, social support, and quality of life in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: A cross-sectional study
    Lyu Meng, Cui-Rong Gao, Hui-Cai Wang, Raxida Yasin, Rui-Jie Huang, Yu-Xin Zhao, Xiao-Hui Ma, Yuan-Yuan Wen
    Lupus.2024; 33(5): 470.     CrossRef
Open Communication About Reproductive Health Is Associated With Comprehensive HIV Knowledge and a Non-stigmatising Attitude Among Indonesian Youth: A Cross-sectional Study
Gede Benny Setia Wirawan, Ni Luh Zallila Gustina, Pande Putu Januraga
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(4):342-350.   Published online June 13, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.581
  • 6,572 View
  • 143 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention among youth seems under-prioritised compared to other key populations. HIV knowledge and stigma are important parts of HIV prevention. To inform HIV prevention among youths, this study quantitatively analysed the associations between open communication regarding sexuality and sexual health, comprehensive HIV knowledge, and non-stigmatising attitudes in Indonesia.
Methods
This study used data from the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2017. The analysis included unmarried men and women aged 15-25 years old. Comprehensive HIV knowledge and a stigmatising attitude were defined according to the IDHS 2017. Open communication about sexuality and sexual health was defined as the number of people with whom participants could openly discuss these topics in their direct network of friends, family, and service providers, with a scale ranging from 0 to a maximum of 7. Primary analysis used binomial logistic regression with weighting adjustments.
Results
The final analysis included 22 864 respondents. Twenty-two percent of youth had no one in their direct network with whom to openly discuss sexual matters, only 14.1% had comprehensive HIV knowledge, and 85.9% showed stigmatising attitudes. Youth mostly discussed sex with their friends (55.2%), and were less likely to discuss it with family members, showing a predominant pattern of peer-to-peer communication. Multivariate analysis showed that having a larger network for communication about sexuality and sexual health was associated with more HIV knowledge and less stigmatising attitudes.
Conclusions
Having more opportunities for open sex communication in one’s direct social network is associated with more HIV knowledge and less stigmatising attitudes.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Scoping Review of Knowledge, Awareness, Perceptions, Attitudes, and Risky Behaviors of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Southeast Asia
    Vimala Balakrishnan, Kok Khuen Yong, Chiong Kian Tiong, Nicholas Jian Shen Ng, Zhao Ni
    Healthcare.2023; 11(8): 1093.     CrossRef
Healthcare Workers’ Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding the World Health Organization’s “My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene”: Evidence From a Vietnamese Central General Hospital
Huy Van Nguyen, Hieu Trung Tran, Long Quynh Khuong, Thanh Van Nguyen, Na Thi Nhi Ho, An Thi Minh Dao, Minh Van Hoang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(4):236-244.   Published online May 7, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.319
  • 9,286 View
  • 253 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Although the World Health Organization (WHO) initiative “My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene” has been lauded as effective in preventing hospital-associated infections, little is known about healthcare workers (HCWs)’ hand hygiene behavior. In this study, we sought to assess knowledge and attitudes towards the concepts in this initiative, as well as associated factors, among Vietnamese HCWs at a general hospital.
Methods
A structured questionnaire was administered to HCWs at a central Vietnamese general hospital in 2015. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with HCWs’ knowledge and attitudes towards hand hygiene.
Results
Of 120 respondents, 65.8% and 67.5% demonstrated appropriate knowledge and a positive attitude, respectively, regarding all 5 hand hygiene moments. Logistic regression indicated better knowledge of hand hygiene in workers who were over 30 years old, who were direct HCWs (rather than managers), who had frequent access to clinical information, and who received their clinical information from training. Those who worked in infectious and tropical disease wards, who had frequent access to clinical information, and who received information from training were more likely to have a positive attitude towards hand hygiene than their counterparts.
Conclusions
Although many Vietnamese HCWs displayed moderate knowledge and positive attitudes towards the WHO hand hygiene guidelines, a key gap remained. Regular education and training programs are needed to increase knowledge and to improve attitudes and practices towards hand hygiene. Furthermore, a combination of multimodal strategies and locally-adapted interventions is needed for sustainable hand hygiene adherence.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Improvement in knowledge and perception about the controlling of COVID-19: best practice of apothecary student
    Chynthia Pradiftha Sari, Suci Hanifah, Yulianto Yulianto, Dian Medisa, Zahrotun Nafiah, Muhammad Alfian Lutfi
    Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education and Research.2023; 13(2): 6.     CrossRef
  • Hand Hygiene Knowledge and Perception Survey for Healthcare Workers in Government Hospitals (GHs) in Bahrain
    Saleh F Sowar, Rommel Acunin, Harold C Cabanalan, Tamer T Abo Arisheh, Safa Alkhawaja
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Level of Complete Knowledge on Five Moments of Hand Hygiene among Nurses Working at Integrated Nursing Care Service Wards
    Eunhee Kim, Ihn Sook Jeong
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2021; 51(4): 454.     CrossRef
The Effects of Socio-demographic Characteristics on Indonesian Women’s Knowledge of HIV/AIDS: A Cross-sectional Study
Putu Erma Pradnyani, Arief Wibowo, Mahmudah
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(2):109-114.   Published online February 28, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.256
  • 6,038 View
  • 240 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to characterize Indonesian women’s knowledge of HIV/AIDS and to investigate the effects of socio-demographic characteristics thereupon with the goal of supporting the prevention and early detection of HIV/AIDS.
Methods
This cross-sectional study was conducted using secondary data from the standard Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) in 2012. A total of 34 984 subjects ranged in age from 15 years to 49 years. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test and logistic regression to identify the effects of socio-demographic characteristics on Indonesian women’s knowledge of HIV/AIDS.
Results
All socio-demographic characteristics except marital status were related to knowledge of HIV/AIDS among Indonesian women in the univariate analysis (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that only age group, education level, location of residence, and wealth index were related to Indonesian women’s knowledge of HIV/AIDS (p<0.05).
Conclusions
Indonesian women’s insufficient knowledge related to HIV/AIDS shows that the provision of accurate and comprehensive information related to HIV/AIDS are components of prevention and control interventions that should be improved. With greater knowledge, women are expected to be more likely to determine their own and their partners’ human immunodeficiency virus status and to take appropriate preventive steps.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The knowledge mapping of HIV/AIDS in Indonesians living on six major islands using the Indonesian version of the HIV-KQ-18 instrument
    Bustanul Arifin, M. Rifqi Rokhman, Zulkarnain Zulkarnain, Dyah Aryani Perwitasari, Marianti Mangau, Saidah Rauf, Rasuane Noor, Retna Siwi Padmawati, Muhammad Nasrum Massi, Jurjen van der Schans, Maarten J. Postma, Nelsensius Klau Fauk
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(11): e0293876.     CrossRef
  • Polygamy and safe sex negotiation among married women: evidence from Cameroon
    Satveer Dhillon, Daniel Amoak, George N. Chidimbah Munthali, Yujiro Sano, Roger Antabe, Isaac Luginaah
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Trends and correlates of low HIV knowledge among ever-married women of reproductive age: Evidence from cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 1996–2014
    Md. Tariqujjaman, Md. Mehedi Hasan, Mohammad Abdullah Heel Kafi, Md. Alamgir Hossain, Saad A. Khan, Nadia Sultana, Rashidul Azad, Md. Arif Hossain, Mahfuzur Rahman, Mohammad Bellal Hossain, Mpho Keetile
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(5): e0286184.     CrossRef
  • Determination of Women’s Level of Knowledge and Attitudes towards AIDS
    Gülpınar ASLAN, Ayşe Berivan BAKAN
    Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi.2023; 7(3): 522.     CrossRef
  • Comprehensive Knowledge about HIV/AIDS among Women of Reproductive Age in India
    Aritro Bhattacharyya, Ritankar Chakraborty, Tapasya Raj, Bijaya Kumar Padhi, Jagdish Khubchandani, Prakasini Satapathy, Sarvesh Rustagi, Vijay Kumar Chattu
    Epidemiologia.2023; 4(4): 492.     CrossRef
  • Adaptation and validation of the HIV Knowledge Questionnaire-18 for the general population of Indonesia
    Bustanul Arifin, M. Rifqi Rokhman, Zulkarnain Zulkarnain, Dyah Aryani Perwitasari, Marianti Manggau, Saidah Rauf, Rasuane Noor, Retna Siwi Padmawati, Maarten J. Postma, Muhammad Nasrum Massi, Jurjen van der Schans
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Open Communication About Reproductive Health Is Associated With Comprehensive HIV Knowledge and a Non-stigmatising Attitude Among Indonesian Youth: A Cross-sectional Study
    Gede Benny Setia Wirawan, Ni Luh Zallila Gustina, Pande Putu Januraga
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2022; 55(4): 342.     CrossRef
  • The roles of women empowerment on attitude for safer sex negotiation among Indonesian married women
    I Gusti Ngurah Edi Putra, Tashi Dendup, Pande Putu Januraga
    Women & Health.2021; 61(1): 95.     CrossRef
  • Women's autonomy in household decision-making and safer sex negotiation in sub-Saharan Africa: An analysis of data from 27 Demographic and Health Surveys
    Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Richard Gyan Aboagye, Joshua Okyere, Wonder Agbemavi, Mawulorm Akpeke, Eugene Budu, Farrukh Ishaque Saah, Vivian Tackie, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
    SSM - Population Health.2021; 14: 100773.     CrossRef
  • Independent predictors of comprehensive knowledge of HIV in general population: findings from the Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015-16)
    Kyaw Lwin Show, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Khin Thet Wai, San Hone, Htun Nyunt Oo
    F1000Research.2021; 9: 5.     CrossRef
  • Independent predictors of comprehensive knowledge of HIV in general population: findings from the Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015-16)
    Kyaw Lwin Show, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Khin Thet Wai, San Hone, Htun Nyunt Oo
    F1000Research.2020; 9: 5.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Comprehensive Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Among People Aged 15–49 Years in Ethiopia: A Multilevel Analysis


    Bereket Kefale, Yitayish Damtie, Melaku Yalew, Bezawit Adane, Mastewal Arefaynie
    HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care.2020; Volume 12: 449.     CrossRef
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Tuberculosis in Timor-Leste: Results From the Demographic and Health Survey 2016
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(2):115-122.   Published online February 18, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.170
  • 8,091 View
  • 288 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding tuberculosis (TB) in the general population in Timor-Leste.
Methods
In the nationally representative cross-sectional 2016 Timor-Leste Demographic and Health Survey, 4622 men (aged 15-59 years) and 12 607 women (aged 15-49 years) were randomly selected using stratified multistage sampling and interviewed.
Results
Overall, 66.9% of men and 62.8% of women were aware of TB, 4.4% of men and 12.6% of women had TB courtesy stigma, and 83.3% of men and 88.6% of women reported intention to receive TB treatment. The mean±standard deviation overall TB knowledge score was 3.9±2.0 (out of 8) among men and 3.0±1.8 among women. In a multivariable linear regression analysis, among both men and women, older age, higher education, rural residence, and sources of TB information (family/friends, school/workplace, health care provider, Internet, television, and newspaper) were associated with higher TB knowledge scores. In addition, among women, higher wealth status and having heard about TB from the radio were associated with higher TB knowledge scores. Negative associations with TB courtesy stigma were found for urban residence and having heard about TB from family or friends among men, and for older age, higher TB knowledge, and TB information sources (family/friends and school/workplace) among women. Among both men and women, higher TB knowledge scores and having heard of TB from a health care provider were associated with intention to receive TB treatment.
Conclusions
This study identified socio-demographic risk factors for deficiences in population-based TB knowledge in Timor-Leste; these findings should be considered when designing TB communication, prevention, and control strategies.
Summary

Citations

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  • Determinants of correct knowledge on tuberculosis transmission and self-reported tuberculosis prevalence among general population aged 15–49 years in Myanmar
    Pyae Linn Aung, Kyawt Mon Win, Htet Myet Win Maung, Kyaw Lwin Show, Seo Ah Hong
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(8): e0290470.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceptions of Tuberculosis in Indonesia: A Multi-Center Cross-Sectional Study
    Silma Kaaffah, Ikhwan Yuda Kusuma, Fransiskus Samuel Renaldi, Yovita Endah Lestari, Arik Dian Eka Pratiwi, Muh Akbar Bahar
    Infection and Drug Resistance.2023; Volume 16: 1787.     CrossRef
  • Tuberculosis related barriers and facilitators among immigrants in Atlantic Canada: A qualitative study
    Isdore Chola Shamputa, Moira A. Law, Clara Kelly, Duyen Thi Kim Nguyen, Tatum Burdo, Jabran Umar, Kimberley Barker, Duncan Webster, Sanghyuk S. Shin
    PLOS Global Public Health.2023; 3(6): e0001997.     CrossRef
  • An insight from National Family Health Surveys on changing trends in prevalence and knowledge regarding T.B. in India
    Ankeeta Menona Jacob, Jeni Jacob
    Indian Journal of Tuberculosis.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Dengue in Timor-Leste during the COVID-19 phenomenon
    Zito Viegas da Cruz, Afonso Lima Araujo, Alexis Ribas, Choosak Nithikathkul
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Stigma: The Perceptions of Tuberculosis in Equatorial Guinea
    Marta Vericat-Ferrer, Alba Ayala, Policarpo Ncogo, Juan Eyene-Acuresila, Belén García, Agustín Benito, María Romay-Barja
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(14): 8227.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of self-reported correct knowledge about tuberculosis transmission among men and women in Malawi: evidence from a nationwide household survey
    Peter A. M. Ntenda, Razak Mussa, Steve Gowelo, Alick Sixpence, Andy Bauleni, Atusayi Simbeye, Alfred Matengeni, Ernest Matola, Godfrey Banda, Christopher C. Stanley, Susan Banda, Owen Nkoka
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • INQUÉRITO DE CONHECIMENTO, ATITUDE E PRÁTICA: O AUTOCUIDADO E CONDUTAS DE PACIENTES EM TRATAMENTO PARA TUBERCULOSE
    Ana Caroline Cavalcante de Menezes, Valdízia Mendes e Silva, Jéssica Lins de Oliveira, Mona Laura de Sousa Moraes, Tânia Maria Ribeiro Monteiro de Figueiredo
    Revista interdisciplinar em saúde.2021; 8(Único): 498.     CrossRef
  • The role of mass media exposure on tuberculosis knowledge and attitude among migrant and seasonal farmworkers in Northwest Ethiopia
    Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Getu Debalkie, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Sintayehu Daba Wami, Malede Mequanent Sisay, Destaw Fetene, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Temesgen Yihunie Akalu
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitude and practice towards tuberculosis in Gambia: a nation-wide cross-sectional survey
    Adedapo Olufemi Bashorun, Christopher Linda, Semeeh Omoleke, Lindsay Kendall, Simon D. Donkor, Ma-Ansu Kinteh, Baba Danso, Lamin Leigh, Sheriff Kandeh, Umberto D’Alessandro, Ifedayo Morayo O. Adetifa
    BMC Public Health.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effectiveness of the Environmental Health Services in the Primary Health Care Against the Prevention of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the Regency of Banyuwangi
    Rachman Setiawan, Endang Sri Lestari, Jojok Mukono, Endro Sukmono
    JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN.2020; 12(3): 211.     CrossRef
  • The Impact of Environmental Health Services in Primary Health Care on Improving the Behavior of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Banyuwangi Regency
    Sheilla Mufidha Wahyuningtyas, Endang Sri Lestari, Jojok Mukono, Endro Sukmono
    JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN.2020; 12(3): 181.     CrossRef
  • Awareness about tuberculosis and RNTCP services among rural people in Nalgonda district, Telangana
    Sreeharshika Dumpeti, KishoreYadav Jothula, NavyaK Naidu
    Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care.2020; 9(7): 3281.     CrossRef
Brief Report
A Cross-sectional Study of Cancer Knowledge and Beliefs Among Faith-based Chinese in the USA Versus Taiwan
Su-I Hou, Xian Cao
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(1):60-65.   Published online January 20, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.17.051
  • 4,375 View
  • 115 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study examined cancer knowledge, beliefs, and practice among faith-based Chinese in the USA versus Taiwan to gain better understandings on how environment and culture might play a role for tailored cancer education programs.
Methods
A self-administered survey included a validated 10-item Cancer Screening Belief Scale (CSBS), an 8-item Cancer Screening Knowledge Test (CSKT), and a 14-item cancer Warning Signs Test (CWST) was administered. Participants were recruited from 9 Chinese churches (5 in the USA and 4 in Taiwan).
Results
A total of 372 Chinese participated, 50% lived in the USA and 50% in Taiwan. Mean age was 44.31 (standard deviation, 14.74), 60% males, and majority had college education (85%). Taiwan participants scored higher on both CSKT (6.13 vs. 5.52; p<0.001) and CWST (6.80 vs. 5.38; p<0.001). Although perceived screening benefits and barriers were similar, Taiwan participants endorsed higher on screening norms (11.67 vs. 10.82; p<0.001). Taiwan participants also indicated more doctor recommending cancer screenings (42.1% vs. 29.6%; p=0.015), USA participants were more likely to have had annual health exams (65.4% vs. 48.9%; p=0.002). Regression results showed that those resided in the USA were 2.38 times more likely to report annual health exams. Married status (odds ratio [OR], 2.85), college education (OR, 2.38), doctor’s recommendation (OR, 2.87), no family cancer history (OR, 2.47), and those with lower barriers were significant factors on annual health exams.
Conclusions
Taiwan participants scored higher on cancer knowledge and screening norms, while more USA participants reported annual health exams. Taiwan’s universal healthcare might play a role on the different healthcare seeking patterns.
Summary
Original Articles
How Much Do Older Adults Living Alone in Rural South Korea Know About Dementia?
Mi Sook Kim, Dong-Soo Shin, Yong-jun Choi, Jin Soon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2018;51(4):188-195.   Published online June 19, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.17.084
  • 5,962 View
  • 144 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aimed to examine the level of dementia knowledge of older Korean adults living alone in rural areas and to identify related factors.
Methods
A cross-sectional descriptive design was applied. The participants were 231 older adults living alone who were recruited from 12 of the 13 primary health care posts in the rural area of Chuncheon. Participants’ level of dementia knowledge was assessed using the Dementia Knowledge Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the t-test, analysis of variance, chi-square test, and Mann-Whitney test were applied.
Results
Participants’ mean age was 77.3±5.4 years, and women comprised 79.7% of the sample. Over half of the participants (61.9%) had no formal education, and all the participants were enrolled in Medical Aid. The participants’ average percentage of correct answers was 61.6%. The highest rate (94.4%) was for the item “Dementia can change one’s personal character.” The item with the lowest proportion of correct answers was “Dementia is not treatable” (23.4%). Dementia knowledge was significantly associated with age, education, health coverage, source of living expenses, and dementia risk.
Conclusions
Dementia knowledge among Korean rural older adults living alone was relatively low. Participants’ misconceptions about symptoms and treatment could hinder them from seeking early treatment. The results of this study suggest the need for active outreach and health care delivery for rural older adults living alone in South Korea.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Estimates of Long-Term Care Utilization and Lifetime Distribution of Medical Cost for Dementia in Korea
    Seok Jong Chung, Jee Eun Lee, Dong Wook Kim, So Ra Yoon, Dong Gyo Shin, Moon Young Choi, Jun Hong Lee
    Korean Journal of Clinical Geriatrics.2021; 22(1): 22.     CrossRef
  • The Changes for Strength of Oropharyngeal Muscles in Patients with Dementia and Dysphagia
    Eun Kyu Ji, Hae Hyun Wang, Sung June Jung, Kyoung Bo Lee, Joon Sung Kim, Bo Young Hong, Tae-Woo Kim, Seong Hoon Lim
    Brain & Neurorehabilitation.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
Knowledge, Perceptions, and Self-reported Performance of Hand Hygiene Among Registered Nurses at Community-based Hospitals in the Republic of Korea: A Cross-sectional Multi-center Study
Hyang Soon Oh
J Prev Med Public Health. 2018;51(3):121-129.   Published online May 14, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.17.188
  • 9,824 View
  • 330 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
To assess the nurses’ hand hygiene (HH) knowledge, perception, attitude, and self-reported performance in small- and medium-sized hospitals after Middle East Respiratory Syndrome outbreak.
Methods
The structured questionnaire was adapted from the World Health Organization’s survey. Data were collected between June 26 and July 14, 2017.
Results
Nurses showed scores on knowledge (17.6±2.5), perception (69.3±0.8), self-reported HH performance of non-self (86.0±11.0), self-reported performance of self (88.2±11.0), and attitude (50.5±5.5). HH performance rate of non-self was Y1=36.678+ 0.555X1 (HH performance rate of self) (adjusted R2=0.280, p<0.001). The regression model for performance was Y4=18.302+0.247X41 (peception)+0.232X42 (attitude)+0.875X42 (role model); coefficients were significant statistically except attitude, and this model significant statistically (adjusted R2=0.191, p<0.001).
Conclusions
Advanced HH education program would be developed and operated continuously. Perception, attitude, role model was found to be a significant predictors of HH performance of self. So these findings could be used in future HH promotion strategies for nurses.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Hand hygiene knowledge, perception, and self-reported performance among nurses in Kelantan, Malaysia: a cross-sectional study
    Mohamad Hazni Abd Rahim, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim
    BMC Nursing.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Behavioural intention of hand hygiene compliance in an average Ecuadorian hospital
    Pía Escudero, Mireia Urrea Ayala, Natalia Romero, Cintia Pullas, Domenica Reina, Edison Daniel Miranda Brazales, María José Ayora Pérez, Ignacio Peñaherrera Suárez, Emily Granadillo, Miguel Martín
    Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira.2022; 68(9): 1172.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Self-Reported Hand Hygiene Performance among Nurses at Tertiary Care Hospitals in East Coast Malaysia
    Mohamad Hazni Abd Rahim, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim, Siti Suraiya Md Noor, Norhana Mohamed Fadzil
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(2): 409.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Perception, and Performance of Hand Hygiene and Their Correlation among Nursing Students in Republic of Korea
    Hyang Soon Oh
    Healthcare.2021; 9(7): 913.     CrossRef
  • Hand hygiene in surgery in Benin: opportunities and challenges
    Carine Laurence Yehouenou, Angèle Modupe Dohou, Ariane Dessièdé Fiogbe, Marius Esse, Cyriaque Degbey, Anne Simon, Olivia Dalleur
    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Healthcare Workers’ Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding the World Health Organization’s “My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene”: Evidence From a Vietnamese Central General Hospital
    Huy Van Nguyen, Hieu Trung Tran, Long Quynh Khuong, Thanh Van Nguyen, Na Thi Nhi Ho, An Thi Minh Dao, Minh Van Hoang
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2020; 53(4): 236.     CrossRef
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A Study of Mental Health Literacy Among North Korean Refugees in South Korea
Jin-Won Noh, Young Dae Kwon, Sieun Yu, Hyunchun Park, Jong-Min Woo
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(1):62-71.   Published online January 16, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.040
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aimed to investigate North Korean refugees’ knowledge of mental illnesses and treatments and analyze the factors affecting this knowledge.
Methods
Subjects were selected via a snowball sampling method, and the survey outcomes of 152 North Korean refugee participants were analyzed. The factors affecting knowledge of mental illnesses were analyzed via a regression analysis by constructing a multivariate model with mental illness knowledge score as the dependent variable.
Results
The North Korean refugees’ mental illness scores ranged from 3 to 24 points, with an average score of 13.0. Regarding the factors that influence mental illness knowledge, the subjects with South Korean spouses and those who had spent more time in South Korea had higher knowledge scores. Furthermore, the subjects who considered the mental health of North Korean refugees to be a serious issue revealed lower knowledge scores than those who did not believe it was a serious issue. The subjects who visit psychiatric clinics showed higher knowledge scores than those who do not. The South Korean subjects who had at least a college education exhibited higher scores than did those without advanced education. The subjects who are satisfied with life in South Korea manifested a higher mental illness knowledge score than those who are not.
Conclusions
This study is significant as being the first study to ever measure and evaluate the level of North Korean refugees’ knowledge of mental illnesses. In addition, the evaluations of North Korean refugees’ mental illness knowledge and influencing factors while residing in South Korea created basic data that formed the foundation of an effort to enhance mental health literacy and provide proper mental health services. The results of this study can be utilized to solve mental health problems that might frequently occur during the unification process of North and South Korea in the future.
Summary

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  • Üniversite öğrencilerinin ruh sağlığı okuryazarlık düzeyi: kesitsel bir çalışma
    Bediye ÖZTAŞ, Nursemin ÜNAL, Zeynep ÖLÇER, Ayşe ÇAL, Günay HAZİR
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    Catharina Zehetmair, Valentina Zeyher, Anna Cranz, Beate Ditzen, Sabine C. Herpertz, Rupert Maria Kohl, Christoph Nikendei
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(5): 2275.     CrossRef
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English Abstracts
Factors Affecting Social Distance toward Mental Illness: A Nationwide Telephone Survey in Korea.
Sangjun Moon, Jin Seok Lee, Sue Kyung Park, Sun Young Lee, Yoon Kim, Yong Ik Kim, Youngsoo Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):419-426.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.419
  • 4,853 View
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  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study was to investigate impact of knowledge, familiarity, and prejudice about mental illness as well as demographic factors on the social distance from mentally ill people, which is a proxy measure of discrimination. METHOD: To assess the impact of knowledge and familiarity, prejudice about mental illness and demographic factors on the social distance from mental illness, we conducted a telephone survey in South Korea with the responders being nationally representative people who were 18 years old or over (n=1040). Independent samples T-tests, one way ANOVA and linear regression analysis were performed to analyze the results of the survey. RESULT: The social distance from mental illness decreased as the knowledge and familiarity increased, but the social distance was increased as prejudice was increased. Prejudice had a greater impact on social distance than familiarity and knowledge. Females showed greater social distance than did males. A higher education level had a negative effect on social distance. CONCLUSION: To reduce the social distance from mentally ill people, efforts to increase the familiarity about mental illness as well as efforts to educate people about mental illness are important.
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    So Young Lee, Kyunghee Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2016; 25(4): 356.     CrossRef
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    Claire Nee, Clare Witt
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A Nationwide Survey on the Hand Washing Behavior and Awareness.
Jae Sim Jeong, Jun Kil Choi, Ihn Sook Jeong, Kyong Ran Paek, Hye Kyung In, Ki Dong Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2007;40(3):197-204.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.3.197
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  • 39 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was conducted to evaluate the public's awareness of the importance of hand washing and to compare perceptions on the habit of hand washing with actual hand washing behavior. METHODS: Data were collected by observing 2,800 participants washing their hands after using public restrooms in seven cities nationwide and by surveying 1,000 respondents (age > 14 years) through telephone interviews using a structured questionnaire. RESULTS: Although 94% of the survey respondents claimed to mostly or always wash their hands after using public restrooms, only 63.4% of the observed participants did wash their hands after using public restrooms. Significant factors related to increased adherence to hand washing were female gender, approximate ages of 20 to 39 years by their appearance, and the presence of other people from the observation. About 79% of the survey respondents always washed their hands after using bathrooms at home, 73% washed their hands before handling food, and 67% washed their hands upon returning to their home. However, 93.2% and 86.3% of the survey respondents did not wash their hands after coughing or sneezing and after handling money, respectively. Although most of the survey respondents (77.6%) were aware that hand washing is helpful in preventing communicable diseases, 39.6% of the survey respondents did not do so because they were 'not accustomed' to washing their hands and 30.2% thought that washing their hands is 'annoying'. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first comprehensive report on hand washing behavior and awareness of the general population in Korea. The result of this study in terms of individual behavior and awareness of hand washing are comparable with similar studies conducted in other countries. However adherence to hand washing is still low and needs to be increased. The results of this study can be used as a baseline in setting up strategies and activities to Bpromote adherence to hand washing.
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Original Articles
Senior Medical Students' Attitudes toward and Knowledge about Breastfeeding.
Mi Young Lee, Mi Jung Kang, Choong Won Lee, Kyu Bok Jin, Eun Jung Suh, Jae Suk Ahn, Suk Kwon Suh
Korean J Prev Med. 1999;32(1):95-100.
  • 1,947 View
  • 26 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study surveyed medical students attending clerkship to assess their attitude toward and knowledge about breastfeeding, and self-confidence to manage common breast-feeding problems. METHODS: A self-report questionnaire was administered to the 323 medical students at four medical colleges in Taegu in May 1997. The response rate was 92.9%, but the respondents used in the final data analysis were 245 (75.8%) due to missing variables. RESULTS: Overall, respondents showed equivocal attitudes toward breastfeeding (mean score 2.9 on a 6-point scale). Knowledge about breastfeeding was substantially low with the median % correct 39.2%. Of nine knowledge areas, weak areas were especially "contraindications and barriers to breastfeeding", "use of breastfeeding aids", "expression and storage of breast milk". Those reported to be confident to manage common breastfeeding problems were only 25.7%. Correlations between knowledge and self-confidence were not statistically significant except in college A (r=0.35, p<0.05). Correlations between knowledge and attitude were not significant. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that medical students attending clerkship in Taegu show equivocal attitudes toward breastfeeding, low self-confidence to manage common breastfeeding problems and have substantially limited level of knowledge. There should be more concerted efforts to improve this situation on the part of those involved in breastfeeding education.
Summary
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice according to Types of Occupational Health Management.
Sung Hee Kim, Hae Ryeun Shin, Sang Woo Kim, Kuck Hyeun Woo, Wan Seoup Park, Jae Yong Park
Korean J Prev Med. 1996;29(3):579-596.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The first purpose of this study was to compare the mean Knowledge, Attitude & Practice(KAP) scores concerning major occupational Health between two types of occupational health management in small & medium-scale textile factories. Sample number was 1,138 workers. In small & medium factories with 300 workers or less, they have two alternatives for occupational health management; Individual Health Management or Vicarious Health Management. The second purpose was to determine if there was a relationship between duration of Vicarious health management and mean kap scores for 694 workers from the Vicarious Health Management group. We used self-administered questionnaires for measuring KAP. The results of this study were; 1. There was significant difference concerning all socioeconomic & occupational variables(gender, age education level, marital status, Blue/White collar, working duration of present factory, working duration of total factories) except for shift. 2. There was no significant difference of mean scores of Knowledge and attitude between the Individual Health Management Group and the Vicarious Health Management. But, the mean score of Practice was significantly different. 3. According to multiple regression analysis, the mean score of Knowledge significantly increased with age, education level, working duration of all factories increased. The mean score of Attitude significantly increased with age, education level and married. The mean score of Practice significantly increased with age, education level, working duration of all factories, married and men. 4. In conclusion, The type of Health management did not significantly affect the mean KAP scores concerning major occupational Health problems. 5. But, the Duration of Vicarious Health management significantly increased the mean KAP scores.
Summary
A Study on Food Intake and Associated Factors of the Urban Poor Elderly.
Bong Soo Cho, Don Kyoun Kim, Su Ill Lee, Byung Mann Cho, Yeung Ook Kim, Kwang Wook Koh
Korean J Prev Med. 1995;28(1):59-72.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was carried out to analyse the food intake and associated factors of the urban poor elderly by comparing poor district, Unbong rental apartment in Bonsong 2 dong with other areas in Pusan. 135 elderlies(men 36, women 99) in Unbong rental apartment 136 elderlies(men 45, women 91 ) in the other areas were investigated during the period of March to August in l994. The assumption that the study area represented poor district was satisfied because the age and sex distribution was not significantly different, and the income of the study area was significantly lower than that of the control area. The variables of hospitalized in previous 12 month, gastrointestinal problem, alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking did not differ significantly. But the variables of chronic disease, take medicine, perceive, vitamin supplement differed significantly between two groups. Therefore some factors associated with health state in the study area are worse than those of the control areas. At most of all variables, nutrients intake of the study area did not reach the recommended dietary allowances(RDA) for Koreans, and that nutrient intakes of the study area were significantly lower than those of the control area. The hypothesis of this study that nutrient status depends on economical status was proved. As for the score of nutritional knowledge, the study area was significantly lower than the control area. But as for the score of nutritional behavior, two areas were not significantly different. The latter is counter result of our hypothesis, owing to the effect of the confounding factors including education etc. As for the correlation of variables, not only economic status and educational level, but the score of nutritional knowledge effects strongly on nutrient status in the study area, the poor district. Therefore, adequate nutritional education to the elderly in the poor district should be considered.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health