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J Prev Med Public Health > Volume 41(4); 2008 > Article
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2008;41(4): 265-271. doi: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.265
The Incidence and Patterns of Unintentional Injuries in Daily Life in Korea: A Nationwide Study.
Kunhee Park, Sang Jun Eun, Eun Jung Lee, Chae Eun Lee, Doo Yong Park, Kyounghun Han, Yoon Kim, Jin Seok Lee
1Seoul National University, College of Medicine, Department of Health Policy and Management, Korea. phealth@snu.ac.kr
2Institute of Health Policy and Management, SNUMRC, Korea.
3Health Insurance Review Agency, Korea.
4Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, Korea.
5Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea.
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to estimate the cumulative incidence rate (CIR) of unintentional injuries in Korean daily life and to describe the pattern of unintentional injuries. METHODS: The study population was the people who used the National Health Insurance because of injuries (ICD code: S00~T98) during 2006. The stratified sample according to gender, age and the severity of injury (NISS, New Injury Severity Score) was randomly selected. The questions on the questionnaire were developed as a reference for an international classification tool (ICECI, International Classification of External Causes of Injury). The questions included the locations of injury, the mechanisms of injury and the results of injury. Moreover, we used age, gender, region and income variables for analysis. RESULTS: The CIR of unintentional injuries that occurred in daily life for 1 year per 100,000 persons was 17,606, and the CIR of severe injuries was 286. Many injuries were occurred at home (29.6%), public places (19.0%), school (13.7%) and near home (12.0%). The major mechanisms of injuries were slipping (48.8%), contact (14.0%), physical over-exertion (13.8%), and fall (6.6%). Infants and old aged people were vulnerable to injuries, and those who lived rural area and who were in a low income level were vulnerable too. CONCLUSIONS: We signified the risk groups and risk settings of unintentional injuries in Korean daily life. These results could contribute to establishing strategies for injury prevention and implementing these strategies.
Key words: Daily life; Incidence; Pattern; Unintentional injury
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