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Sung-Il Cho 22 Articles
Epidemiological Model for Conventional Tobacco Control Measures and Tobacco Endgame Policies
Heewon Kang, Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(5):481-484.   Published online September 26, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.23.239
  • 771 View
  • 79 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Epidemiological models, also known as host-agent-vector-environment models, are utilized in public health to gain insights into disease occurrence and to formulate intervention strategies. In this paper, we propose an epidemiological model that incorporates both conventional measures and tobacco endgame policies. Our model suggests that conventional measures focus on relationships among agent-vector-host-environment components, whereas endgame policies inherently aim to change or eliminate those components at a fundamental level. We also found that the vector (tobacco industry) and environment (physical and social surroundings) components were insufficiently researched or controlled by both conventional measures and tobacco endgame policies. The use of an epidemiological model for tobacco control and the tobacco endgame is recommended to identify areas that require greater effort and to develop effective intervention measures.
Summary
Korean summary
이 연구는 기존의 담배규제와 관련된 역학 모형을 확장하여 담배 수요를 줄이기 위한 조치인 MPOWER 정책과 담배 종결전의 주요 정책을 아우르는 개념적 모형을 제시하였다. 각 정책을 개념적 모형 내 배치한 결과, MPOWER 정책은 모형 내 구성요소 간의 연결을 끊는 것을 목표로 하는 반면, 종결전 정책은 모형 내 요소들을 영구적으로 변화시키거나 제거하려는 특성을 가지고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 담배규제정책이 개체, 병원체, 벡터 및 환경 요소에 대한 균형 잡힌 포트폴리오를 갖추고 있는지 평가하기 위해 이 개념적 모형을 활용할 수 있다.
Key Message
We extended the conceptual epidemiological model for tobacco control by incorporating measures to reduce the demand for tobacco (MPOWER measures) and key endgame policies. The model suggests that MPOWER measures focus on disconnecting the relationships between model components, while endgame policies aim to permanently change or eliminate the components themselves. This model can be used to examine whether a country or jurisdiction's tobacco control policy maintains a balanced portfolio across agent, host, vector, and environmental factors.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Public support for tobacco endgame policies in South Korea: Findings from the 2020 International Tobacco Control Korea Survey
    Heewon Kang, Wonjeong Yoon, Hong Gwan Seo, Sungkyu Lee, Sujin Lim, Gil-yong Kim, Su Young Kim, Steve S Xu, Mi Yan, Anne C K Quah, Janet Chung-Hall, Lorraine V Craig, Coral E Gartner, Geoffrey T Fong, Sung-il Cho
    Tobacco Control.2024; : tc-2023-058454.     CrossRef
Utilization of the Unlinked Case Proportion to Control COVID-19: A Focus on the Non-pharmaceutical Interventional Policies of the Korea and Japan
Yeri Jeong, Sanggu Kang, Boeun Kim, Yong Jin Gil, Seung-sik Hwang, Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(4):377-383.   Published online June 21, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.23.056
  • 2,406 View
  • 73 Download
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Korea and Japan have managed the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using markedly different policies, referred to as the “3T” and “3C” strategies, respectively. This study examined these differences to assess the roles of active testing and contact tracing as non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). We compared the proportion of unlinked cases (UCs) and test positivity rate (TPR) as indicators of tracing and testing capacities.
Methods
We outlined the evolution of NPI policies and investigated temporal trends in their correlations with UCs, confirmed cases, and TPR prior to the Omicron peak. Spearman correlation coefficients were reported between the proportion of UCs, confirmed cases, and TPR. The Fisher r-to-z transformation was employed to examine the significance of differences between correlation coefficients.
Results
The proportion of UCs was significantly correlated with confirmed cases (r=0.995, p<0.001) and TPR (r=0.659, p<0.001) in Korea and with confirmed cases (r=0.437, p<0.001) and TPR (r=0.429, p<0.001) in Japan. The Fisher r-to-z test revealed significant differences in correlation coefficients between the proportion of UCs and confirmed cases (z=16.07, p<0.001) and between the proportion of UCs and TPR (z=2.12, p=0.034) in Korea and Japan.
Conclusions
Higher UCs were associated with increases in confirmed cases and TPR, indicating the importance of combining testing and contact tracing in controlling COVID-19. The implementation of stricter policies led to stronger correlations between these indicators. The proportion of UCs and TPR effectively indicated the effectiveness of NPIs. If the proportion of UCs shows an upward trend, more testing and contact tracing may be required.
Summary
Korean summary
“3T”전략과 “3C”전략으로 대표되는 한국과 일본의 코로나 19 유행 시기의 NPI 정책을 비교하고, 접촉자 추적 및 검사 역량의 지표로 감염경로를 알 수 없는 확진자(unlinked case)와 검사 양성률(TPR)의 역할을 평가하였다. 감염경로를 알 수 없는 확진자(UC)는 전체 확진자수 증가 및 검사 양성률의 증가와 관련이 있었으며, 이는 COVID-19 통제에 있어 검사와 접촉자 추적을 적절히 조합하는 것이 중요함을 보여준다.
Our Valuable Contributors: Reviewers of 2022
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(2):99-99.   Published online March 31, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.23.125
  • 1,022 View
  • 66 Download
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Summary
Our Valuable Contributors: Reviewers of 2021
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(2):115-115.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.100
  • 2,068 View
  • 97 Download
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Summary
Our Valuable Contributors: Reviewers of 2020
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(2):85-85.   Published online March 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.108
  • 2,501 View
  • 120 Download
PDF
Summary
Interpretation of the Basic and Effective Reproduction Number
Jun-Sik Lim, Sung-Il Cho, Sukhyun Ryu, Son-Il Pak
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):405-408.   Published online October 20, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.288
  • 6,744 View
  • 372 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
In epidemiology, the basic reproduction number (R0) is a term that describes the expected number of infections generated by 1 case in a susceptible population. At the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, R0 was frequently referenced by the public health community and the wider public. However, this metric is often misused or misinterpreted. Moreover, the complexity of the process of estimating R0 has caused difficulties for a substantial number of researchers. In this article, in order to increase the accessibility of this concept, we address several misconceptions related to the threshold characteristics of R0 and the effective reproduction number (Rt). Moreover, the appropriate interpretation of the metrics is discussed. R0 should be considered as a population-averaged value that pools the contact structure according to a stochastic transmission process. Furthermore, it is necessary to understand the unavoidable time lag for Rt due to the incubation period of the disease.
Summary

Citations

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    Brandon Lieberthal, Sarah Jackson, Sandra de Urioste-Stone, Mumtaz Alam
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(4): e0299841.     CrossRef
  • Hepatitis C Virus Dynamic Transmission Models Among People Who Inject Drugs
    Shiferaw Bekele Woyesa, Kellemuwa Desalegn Amente
    Infection and Drug Resistance.2023; Volume 16: 1061.     CrossRef
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    Setianto Setianto, Darmawan Hidayat
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A review on COVID-19 transmission, epidemiological features, prevention and vaccination
    Yuqin Zhang, Gonghua Wu, Shirui Chen, Xu Ju, Wumitijiang Yimaer, Wangjian Zhang, Shao Lin, Yuantao Hao, Jing Gu, Jinghua Li
    Medical Review.2022; 2(1): 23.     CrossRef
  • A measure to estimate the risk of imported COVID-19 cases and its application for evaluating travel-related control measures
    Heewon Kang, Kyung-Duk Min, Seonghee Jeon, Ju-Yeun Lee, Sung-il Cho
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Study on the interaction between different pathogens of Hand, foot and mouth disease in five regions of China
    Zimei Yang, Jia Rui, Li Qi, Wenjing Ye, Yan Niu, Kaiwei Luo, Bin Deng, Shi Zhang, Shanshan Yu, Chan Liu, Peihua Li, Rui Wang, Hongjie Wei, Hesong Zhang, Lijin Huang, Simiao Zuo, Lexin Zhang, Shurui Zhang, Shiting Yang, Yichao Guo, Qinglong Zhao, Shenggen
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Transmission dynamics and control of two epidemic waves of SARS-CoV-2 in South Korea
    Sukhyun Ryu, Sheikh Taslim Ali, Eunbi Noh, Dasom Kim, Eric H. Y. Lau, Benjamin J. Cowling
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Basic reproduction number of African swine fever in wild boars (Sus scrofa) and its spatiotemporal heterogeneity in South Korea
    Jun-Sik Lim, Eutteum Kim, Pan-Dong Ryu, Son-Il Pak
    Journal of Veterinary Science.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The detection of the epidemic phase of COVID-19 and the timing of social distancing policies in Korea
    Woohyeon Kim
    Public Health.2021; 201: 89.     CrossRef
The Evolving Policy Debate on Border Closure in Korea
Su JIn Kang, Jihyun Moon, Heewon Kang, Heekyoung Nam, Sangwoo Tak, Sung-Il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(5):302-306.   Published online September 11, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.213
  • 4,149 View
  • 132 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
In this paper, we aimed to investigate the evolving debate over border closure in Korea during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, to address the main themes associated with border closure, and to discuss the factors that need to be considered when making such decisions.
Methods
We collated and reviewed previously conducted review studies on border closures during infectious disease outbreaks to derive relevant themes and factors.
Results
According to our systematic review on border closures and travel restrictions, the effects of such containment efforts are limited. We suggest considering the following factors when determining whether to impose border closure measures: (1) disease characteristics, (2) timeliness of implementation, (3) transmission delay and the basic reproduction number, (4) globalization and pandemics, and (5) social and economic costs.
Conclusions
Our assessment indicates that the effects of border closures are at best temporary and limited. Alternative measures must be contemplated and implemented to suppress the spread of COVID-19 in particular and infectious diseases more broadly.
Summary

Citations

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  • Schengen Borders as Lines that Continue to Separate? Media Representations of Pandemic Dimensions of Insecurity in Eastern German Border Regions to Poland
    Nona Renner, Judith Miggelbrink, Kristine Beurskens, Antonia Zitterbart
    Journal of Borderlands Studies.2022; 37(4): 825.     CrossRef
  • Classification Schemes of COVID-19 High Risk Areas and Resulting Policies: A Rapid Review
    Olalekan A. Uthman, Olatunji O. Adetokunboh, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Sameh Al-Awlaqi, Johanna Hanefeld, Charbel El Bcheraoui
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A measure to estimate the risk of imported COVID-19 cases and its application for evaluating travel-related control measures
    Heewon Kang, Kyung-Duk Min, Seonghee Jeon, Ju-Yeun Lee, Sung-il Cho
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Towards sustainable airport waste management through the adoption of a "green" airport strategy: The case of Incheon International Airport
    Glenn Baxter
    Clean Technologies and Recycling.2022; 2(4): 247.     CrossRef
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    Tribesty Nguyen, Jane A. Buxton
    International Journal of Drug Policy.2021; 93: 103236.     CrossRef
Our Valuable Contributors: Reviewers of 2019
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(2):72-72.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.081
  • 2,767 View
  • 95 Download
PDF
Summary
Academic Community’s Efforts to Guide the Fight Against Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Epidemic in Korea
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(2):65-66.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.084
  • 5,919 View
  • 431 Download
  • 7 Crossref
PDFSupplementary Material
Summary

Citations

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  • In Silico Infection Analysis (iSFA) Identified Coronavirus Infection and Potential Transmission Risk in Mammals
    Yanyan Zou, Xiaojian Cao, Bing Yang, Lulu Deng, Yangyang Xu, Shuang Dong, Wentao Li, Chengchao Wu, Gang Cao
    Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The roles of primary care doctors in the COVID-19 pandemic: consistency and influencing factors of doctor's perception and actions and nominal definitions
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    BMC Health Services Research.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    The American Journal of Emergency Medicine.2021; 45: 483.     CrossRef
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    Se Ju Park, Seong Geun Yeo, Byeong Geun Kim
    The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy.2021; 33(3): 131.     CrossRef
  • Anxiety and Depression in Physical Therapists during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Survey in Gwangju, South Korea
    Se-Ju Park, Ho-Jin Jeong, Byeong-Geun Kim
    Journal of The Korean Society of Physical Medicine.2021; 16(2): 23.     CrossRef
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  • The Evolving Policy Debate on Border Closure in Korea
    SuJin Kang, Jihyun Moon, Heewon Kang, Heekyoung Nam, Sangwoo Tak, Sung-Il Cho
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2020; 53(5): 302.     CrossRef
Our Valuable Contributors: Reviewers of 2018
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(2):71-71.   Published online March 29, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.054
  • 3,717 View
  • 109 Download
PDF
Summary
Our Valuable Contributors: Reviewers of 2017
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2018;51(2):63-63.   Published online March 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.060
  • 4,426 View
  • 120 Download
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Summary
Concordance in the Health Behaviors of Couples by Age: A Cross-sectional Study
Seungmin Jeong, Sung-Il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2018;51(1):6-14.   Published online November 27, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.17.137
  • 10,178 View
  • 251 Download
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
To investigate concordance in the health behaviors of women and their partners according to age and to investigate whether there was a stronger correlation between the health behaviors of housewives and those of their partners than between the health behaviors of non-housewives and those of their partners.
Methods
We used data obtained from women participants in the 2015 Korea Community Health Survey who were living with their partners. The outcome variables were 4 health behaviors: smoking, drinking, eating salty food, and physical activity. The main independent variables were the partners’ corresponding health behaviors. We categorized age into 4 groups (19-29, 30-49, 50-64, and ≥ 65 years) and utilized multivariate logistic regression analysis, stratifying by age group. Another logistic regression analysis was stratified by whether the participant identified as a housewife.
Results
Data from 64 971 women older than 18 years of age were analyzed. Of the 4 health behaviors, the risk of smoking (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 4.65; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.93 to 5.49) was highest when the participant’s partner was also a smoker. Similar results were found for an inactive lifestyle (aOR, 2.56; 95% CI, 2.45 to 2.66), eating salty food (aOR, 2.48; 95% CI, 2.36 to 2.62); and excessive drinking (aOR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.80 to 1.98). In comparison to non-housewives, housewives had higher odds of eating salty food.
Conclusions
The health behaviors of women were positively correlated with those of their partners. The magnitude of the concordance differed by age group.
Summary

Citations

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  • The refusal of COVID-19 vaccination and its associated factors: a meta-analysis
    Fredo Tamara, Jonny K. Fajar, Gatot Soegiarto, Laksmi Wulandari, Andy P. Kusuma, Erwin A. Pasaribu, Reza P. Putra, Muhammad Rizky, Tajul Anshor, Maya Novariza, Surya Wijaya, Guruh Prasetyo, Adelia Pradita, Qurrata Aini, Mario V.P.H. Mete, Rahmat Yusni, Ya
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    Fredo Tamara, Jonny K. Fajar, Gatot Soegiarto, Laksmi Wulandari, Andy P. Kusuma, Erwin A. Pasaribu, Reza P. Putra, Muhammad Rizky, Tajul Anshor, Maya Novariza, Surya Wijaya, Guruh Prasetyo, Adelia Pradita, Qurrata Aini, Mario V.P.H. Mete, Rahmat Yusni, Ya
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    Theresa Pauly, Janina Lüscher, Corina Berli, Christiane A. Hoppmann, Rachel A. Murphy, Maureen C. Ashe, Wolfgang Linden, Kenneth M. Madden, Denis Gerstorf, Urte Scholz
    Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.2023; : 014616722211437.     CrossRef
  • Between- and Within-Couple Concordance for Health Behaviors Among Japanese Older Married Couples: Examining the Moderating Role of Working Time
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    International Journal of Behavioral Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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Our Valuable Contributors: Reviewers of 2016
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2017;50(2):67-67.   Published online March 29, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.17.003
  • 5,584 View
  • 159 Download
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Summary
Our Valuable Contributors: Reviewers of 2015
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(2):79-79.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.033
  • 5,588 View
  • 78 Download
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Summary
A New Measure for Assessing the Public Health Response to a Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Outbreak
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(6):277-279.   Published online November 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.069
  • 10,863 View
  • 84 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Contact monitoring is an essential component of the public health response to a Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus outbreak, and is required for an effective quarantine to contain the epidemic. The timeliness of a quarantine is associated with its effectiveness. This paper provides a conceptual framework to describe the process of contact monitoring, and proposes a new measure called the “timely quarantined proportion” as a tool to assess the adequacy of a public health response.
Summary

Citations

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  • The relationship between moral sensitivity and caring behavior among nurses in iran during COVID-19 pandemic
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    Ock-Joo Kim
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Factors Determining Children’s Private Health Insurance Enrolment and Healthcare Utilization Patterns: Evidence From the 2008 to 2011 Health Panel Data
Jawoon Shin, Tae-Jin Lee, Sung-il Cho, Seung Ah Choe
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(6):319-329.   Published online November 16, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.057
  • 9,099 View
  • 102 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Parental socioeconomic status (SES) exerts a substantial influence on children’s health. The purpose of this study was to examine factors determining children’s private health insurance (PHI) enrolment and children’s healthcare utilization according to PHI coverage.
Methods
Korea Health Panel data from 2011 (n=3085) was used to explore the factors determining PHI enrolment in children younger than 15 years of age. A logit model contained health status and SES variables for both children and parents. A fixed effects model identified factors influencing healthcare utilization in children aged 10 years or younger, using 2008 to 2011 panel data (n=9084).
Results
The factors determining children’s PHI enrolment included children’s age and sex and parents’ educational status, employment status, and household income quintile. PHI exerted a significant effect on outpatient cost, inpatient cost, and number of admissions. Number of outpatient visits and total length of stay were not affected by PHI status. The interaction between PHI and age group increased outpatient cost significantly.
Conclusions
Children’s PHI enrolment was influenced by parents’ SES, while healthcare utilization was affected by health and disability status. Therefore, the results of this study suggest disparities in healthcare utilization according to PHI enrollment.
Summary

Citations

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    Mohd Adli Abd Khalim, Surianti Sukeri, Gopal Ashish Sharma
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(1): e0278404.     CrossRef
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    Felician Andrew Kitole, Robert Michael Lihawa, Eliaza Mkuna
    International Journal for Equity in Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Dong Hee Ryu, Sin Kam, Young-Taek Doo
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2016; 49(2): 118.     CrossRef
Urgent Call for Research on Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in Korea
Sung-il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(4):179-179.   Published online July 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.047
  • 7,238 View
  • 88 Download
  • 3 Crossref
PDF
Summary

Citations

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  • Uncertain future of privacy protection under the Korean public health emergency preparedness governance amid the COVID-19 pandemic
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    Cogent Social Sciences.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Abdullah M Alnuqaydan, Abdulmajeed G Almutary, Arulmalar Sukamaran, Brian Tay Wei Yang, Xiao Ting Lee, Wei Xuan Lim, Yee Min Ng, Rania Ibrahim, Thiviya Darmarajan, Satheeshkumar Nanjappan, Jestin Chellian, Mayuren Candasamy, Thiagarajan Madheswaran, Ankur
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Causes of Child Mortality (1 to 4 Years of Age) From 1983 to 2012 in the Republic of Korea: National Vital Data
Seung Ah Choe, Sung-Il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2014;47(6):336-342.   Published online November 7, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.024
  • 9,695 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Child mortality remains a critical problem even in developed countries due to low fertility. To plan effective interventions, investigation into the trends and causes of child mortality is necessary. Therefore, we analyzed these trends and causes of child deaths over the last 30 years in Korea.
Methods
Causes of death data were obtained from a nationwide vital registration managed by the Korean Statistical Information Service. The mortality rate among all children aged between one and four years and the causes of deaths were reviewed. Data from 1983-2012 and 1993-2012 were analyzed separately because the proportion of unspecified causes of death during 1983-1992 varied substantially from that during 1993-2012.
Results
The child (1-4 years) mortality rates substantially decreased during the past three decades. The trend analysis revealed that all the five major causes of death (infectious, neoplastic, neurologic, congenital, and external origins) have decreased significantly. However, the sex ratio of child mortality (boys to girls) slightly increased during the last 30 years. External causes of death remain the most frequent origin of child mortality, and the proportion of mortality due to child assault has significantly increased (from 1.02 in 1983 to 1.38 in 2012).
Conclusions
In Korea, the major causes and rate of child mortality have changed and the sex ratio of child mortality has slightly increased since the early 1980s. Child mortality, especially due to preventable causes, requires public health intervention.
Summary

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  • Child mortality of twins and singletons among late preterm and term birth: a study of national linked birth and under-five mortality data of Korea
    Young Shin Kim, Minku Kang, Young June Choe, Joohon Sung, Ji Yeon Lee, Seung-Ah Choe
    European Journal of Pediatrics.2022; 181(5): 2109.     CrossRef
Health Conditions Sensitive to Retirement and Job Loss Among Korean Middle-aged and Older Adults
Susan Park, Sung-Il Cho, Soong-Nang Jang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(3):188-195.   Published online May 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.3.188
  • 8,593 View
  • 79 Download
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study was conducted to examine the association between health condition and leaving the labor market among middle-aged and older adults in South Korea.

Methods

Data was obtained from individuals aged 45 years and older participating in the 2006 and 2008 Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We used various health measures including chronic diseases, comorbidities, traffic accident injuries, disabilit of instrumental activities of daily living, depressive symptoms, and self-rated health. The odds ratios of job loss, and retirement, versus employment were calculated using multinomial logistic regression by each health measure.

Results

In our cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis, health problems related to physical disabilities had the greatest effect on leaving the worksite. A shift in health condition from good to poor in a short period was a predictor of increased risk of unemployment but a persistent pattern of health problems was not associated with unemployment. Women with health problems showed a high probability of retirement, whereas among men, health problems instantly the possibility of both job loss and retirement.

Conclusions

Health problems of middle aged and older workers were crucial risk factors for retirement and involuntarily job loss. Especially functional defect and recent health problems strongly and instanty affected employment status.

Summary

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    Jinhee Shin, Gwang Suk Kim
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Kacie Seil, Shengchao Yu, Robert Brackbill, Howard Alper, Junaid Maqsood
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine.2021; 64(10): 873.     CrossRef
  • Gender inequalities in poor self-rated health: Cross-national comparison of South Korea and Japan
    Shuko Takahashi, Soong-nang Jang, Shiho Kino, Ichiro Kawachi
    Social Science & Medicine.2020; 252: 112919.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic disparities in self-rated health in two East Asian countries: Comparative study between Japan and Korea
    Shiho Kino, Soong-nang Jang, Shuko Takahashi, Daniel K. Ebner, Ichiro Kawachi
    Social Science & Medicine.2020; 253: 112945.     CrossRef
  • Early labor force exit subsequent to permanently impairing occupational injury or illness among workers 50‐64 years of age
    Kenneth A. Scott, Qing Liao, Gwenith G. Fisher, Lorann Stallones, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Emile Tompa
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine.2018; 61(4): 317.     CrossRef
  • Predictors and estimation of risk for early exit from working life by poor health among middle and older aged workers in Korea
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    Scientific Reports.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
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  • The Perceived Socioeconomic Status Is an Important Factor of Health Recovery for Victims of Occupational Accidents in Korea
    Hongdeok Seok, Jin-Ha Yoon, Wanhyung Lee, June-Hee Lee, Pil Kyun Jung, Jaehoon Roh, Jong-Uk Won
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2016; 31(2): 164.     CrossRef
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    Kerstin Nilsson, Anna Rignell Hydbom, Lars Rylander
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    Kerstin Nilsson
    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.2016; 44(5): 490.     CrossRef
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    Mo-Yeol Kang, Hyoung-Ryoul Kim, Agricola Odoi
    PLoS ONE.2014; 9(11): e113495.     CrossRef
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    Soong-Nang Jang
    Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society.2013; 17(3): 111.     CrossRef
Prevalence of Positive Carriage of Tuberculosis, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci in Patients Transported by Ambulance: A Single Center Observational Study
Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Hyun Noh, Sung-Il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(3):174-180.   Published online May 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.3.174
  • 8,761 View
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  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

An ambulance can be a potential source of contagious or droplet infection of a community. We estimated the prevalence of positive carriage of tuberculosis (TB), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) in patients transported by ambulance.

Methods

This was a retrospective observational study. We enrolled all patients who visited a tertiary teaching hospital emergency department (ED). Blood, sputum, urine, body fluid, and rectal swab samples were taken from patients when they were suspected of TB, MRSA, or VRE in the ED. The patients were categorized into three groups: pre-hospital ambulance (PA) group; inter-facility ambulance (IA) group; and non-ambulance (NA) group. Adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using a multivariable logistic regression model for the prevalence of each infection.

Results

The total number of patients was 89206. Of these, 9378 (10.5%) and 4799 (5.4%) were in the PA and IA group, respectively. The prevalence of TB, MRSA, and VRE infection were 0.3%, 1.1%, and 0.3%, respectively. In the PA group, the prevalence of TB, MRSA, and VRE were 0.3%, 1.8%, and 0.4%. In the IA group, the prevalence of TB, MRSA, and VRE were 0.7%, 4.6%, and 1.5%, respectively. The adjusted ORs (95% CI) of the PA and IA compared to the NA group were 1.02 (0.69 to 1.53) and 1.83 (1.24 to 2.71) for TB, 2.24 (1.87 to 2.69) and 5.47 (4.63 to 6.46) for MRSA, 2.59 (1.78 to 3.77) and 8.90 (6.52 to 12.14) for VRE, respectively.

Conclusions

A high prevalence of positive carriage of TB, MRSA, and VRE in patients transported by metropolitan ambulances was found.

Summary

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  • ドクターヘリの機内環境でMRSAを認めるか?(Can methicillin–resistant Staphylococcus aureus be found in the environment of a physician–staffed helicopter emergency medical service?)
    高橋 治郎, 世良 紳語, 井上 貴博, 宮本 聡美, 上野 太輔, 稲吉 祐樹, 椎野 泰和
    Nihon Kyukyu Igakukai Zasshi: Journal of Japanese Association for Acute Medicine.2023; 34(2): 67.     CrossRef
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    Diego Schaps, Anjni Patel Joiner, Deverick J. Anderson
    Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.2022; 43(4): 497.     CrossRef
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    Diego Schaps, Andrew W. Godfrey, Deverick J. Anderson
    Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.2022; 43(4): 442.     CrossRef
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  • Empfehlungen zur Prävention und Kontrolle von Methicillin-resistenten Staphylococcus aureus-Stämmen (MRSA) in medizinischen und pflegerischen Einrichtungen
    C. Ruscher
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz.2014; 57(6): 695.     CrossRef
  • Infection Prevention in the Emergency Department
    Stephen Y. Liang, Daniel L. Theodoro, Jeremiah D. Schuur, Jonas Marschall
    Annals of Emergency Medicine.2014; 64(3): 299.     CrossRef
Trends in Gender-based Health Inequality in a Transitional Society: A Historical Analysis of South Korea
Heeran Chun, Sung-Il Cho, Young-Ho Khang, Minah Kang, Il-Ho Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):113-121.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.113
  • 9,446 View
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  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study examined the trends in gender disparity in the self-rated health of people aged 25 to 64 in South Korea, a rapidly changing society, with specific attention to socio-structural inequality.

Methods

Representative sample data were obtained from six successive, nationwide Social Statistics Surveys of the Korean National Statistical Office performed during 1992 to 2010.

Results

The results showed a convergent trend in poor self-rated health between genders since 1992, with a sharper decline in gender disparity observed in younger adults (aged 25 to 44) than in older adults (aged 45 to 64). The diminishing gender gap seemed to be attributable to an increase in women's educational attainment levels and to their higher status in the labor market.

Conclusions

The study indicated the importance of equitable social opportunities for both genders for understanding the historical trends in the gender gap in the self-reported health data from South Korea.

Summary

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    Gyu Ri Kim, Chung Mo Nam, C. Mary Schooling
    PLOS ONE.2017; 12(12): e0190143.     CrossRef
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    Shibba Takkar Chhabra, Sarbjit Masson, Tripat Kaur, Rajiv Gupta, Sarit Sharma, Abishek Goyal, Bhupinder Singh, Rohit Tandon, Naved Aslam, Bishav Mohan, Gurpreet Singh Wander
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Trends in Body Mass Index and Associations With Physical Activity Among Career Soldiers in South Korea
Kyoung-Ki Bae, Ho Kim, Sung-Il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(4):167-175.   Published online July 29, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.4.167
  • 8,113 View
  • 60 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective

This study was designed to describe the trends in body mass index (BMI) during 6 years (2002 - 2008) and to identify associations between these trends and the amount of physical activity of South Korean career soldiers.

Method

This study targeted the 40 993 (38 857 men and 2136 women) of the 58 657 career soldiers who had undergone four (2002, 2004, 2006, and 2008) biennial medical examinations conducted by the National Health Insurance Corporation; 17 664 soldiers with missing data on height, weight, and physical activity were excluded. A linear mixed-regression model was used to categorize changes in BMI due to age versus those due to amount of physical activity.

Results

Career soldiers experienced significant increases in BMI compared with baseline data gathered in 2002. The increases in each age group were as follows: men aged 20- 29: 1.16, men aged 30 - 39: 0.61, men aged 40 - 49: 0.05, women aged 20- 29: 0.35, women aged 30- 39: 0.30, women aged 40-49: 0.26, and women aged 50- 59: 0.21. However, men aged 50 or older showed significant decreases (as high as 0.5) in BMI compared with baseline data obtained in 2002. They also experienced significant decreases in BMI compared with those who reported no physical activity. The differences between baseline and final BMIs were: 0.02 for men exercising 1- 2 times per week, -0.07 for men exercising 3-4 times per week, -0.19 for men exercising 5-6 times per week, -0.21 for men exercising seven times per week, -0.05 for women exercising 1- 2 times per week, -0.19 for women exercising 3- 4 times per week, -0.30 for women exercising 5-6 times per week, and -0.30 for women exercising seven times per week.

Conclusions

Obesity in South Korean career soldiers increased markedly between 2002 and 2008, and our data showed that the amount of physical activity was inversely related to increases in BMI. Policies to prevent obesity are needed to reduce this trend.

Summary

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    Bb Ni Lee, S W Bae, S Y Oh, J H Yoon, J Roh, J U Won
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  • Association Between Diet, Physical Activity and Body Mass Index, Fat Mass Index and Bone Mineral Density of Soldiers of the Polish Air Cavalry Units
    Anna Anyżewska, Roman Łakomy, Tomasz Lepionka, Ewa Szarska, Ewelina Maculewicz, Andrzej Tomczak, Jerzy Bertrandt
    Nutrients.2020; 12(1): 242.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health