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Analysis of the Incidence of Macrosomia in Japan by Parental Nationalities at 5-year Intervals From 1995 to 2020
Tasuku Okui
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(4):348-356.   Published online July 3, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.23.133
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  • 68 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
We investigated trends in the incidence rate of macrosomia and its association with parental nationalities using Vital Statistics data in Japan.
Methods
We used singleton birth data every 5 years from 1995 to 2020. The incidence rate of macrosomia was calculated according to specific attributes (maternal age, infant’s sex, parental nationalities, parity, and household occupation) over time (years). In addition, a log-binomial model was used to investigate the relationship between the incidence of macrosomia and the attributes. This study compared Korea, China, the Philippines, Brazil, and other countries with Japan in terms of parental nationalities. “Other countries” indicates countries except for Japan, Korea, China, the Philippines, and Brazil.
Results
The study included 6 180 787 births. The rate of macrosomia in Japan decreased from 1.43% in 1995 to 0.88% in 2020, and the decrease was observed across all parental nationalities. The rates for Japanese parents were the lowest values among parental nationalities during the timespan investigated. Multivariate regression analysis showed that mothers from Korea, China, the Philippines, Brazil, and other countries had a significantly higher risk of macrosomia than those from Japan (risk ratio, 1.91, 2.82, 1.59, 1.74, and 1.64, respectively). Furthermore, fathers from China, the Philippines, Brazil, and other countries had a significantly higher risk of macrosomia than those from Japan (risk ratio, 1.66, 1.38, 1.88, and 3.02, respectively).
Conclusions
The rate of macrosomia decreased from 1995 to 2020 in Japan for parents of all nationalities, and the risk of macrosomia incidence was associated with parental nationality.
Summary
Antenatal Care Services and Incidence of Low Birth Weight: A Comparison of Demographic and Health Surveys in 4 ASEAN Countries
Miftahul Arsyi, Besral Besral, Milla Herdayati, Revati Phalkey
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(6):559-567.   Published online November 13, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.316
  • 3,066 View
  • 152 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study aimed to assess the effect of complete coverage and content of available antenatal care (ANC) on the incidence of low birth weight (LBW) in 4 countries belonging to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Methods
Measures of complete coverage and content of ANC services included the frequency of ANC visits and the seven service components (blood pressure measurement, iron supplementation, tetanus toxoid immunization, explanations of pregnancy complications, urine sample test, blood sample test, and weight measurement). The complete coverage and content of ANC services were assessed as high if more than 4 ANC visits and all seven components were delivered. Multivariable logistic regression with complex survey designs was conducted using Demographic Health Survey data from the 4 ASEAN countries in question from 2014 to 2017.
Results
The proportion of LBW infants was higher in the Philippines (13.8%) than in Indonesia (6.7%), Cambodia (6.7%), or Myanmar (7.5%). Poor ANC services were associated with a 1.30 times higher incidence of LBW than a high level of complete coverage and content of ANC services (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.30; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11 to 1.52). In addition, the risk of LBW was higher in the Philippines than in other countries (aOR, 2.25; 95% CI, 2.01 to 2.51) after adjusting for mothers’ demographic/socioeconomic factors, health behaviors, and other factors.
Conclusions
In sum, complete coverage and content of ANC services were significantly associated with the incidence of LBW in Indonesia, Cambodia, and Myanmar. The Philippines did not show statistically significant results for this relationship, but had a higher risk of LBW with poor ANC.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effect of the enhancing nutrition and antenatal infection treatment (ENAT) intervention on birth weight in Ethiopia: a cluster randomized controlled trial
    Y Mekonnen, E Wolde, A Bekele, Z Mehari, S Abebe, T Hagos, Y Tadesse, T Taye, G Asire, T Nigatu, S Kumar, S Girma, M Salasibew
    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Compliance with the World Health Organization’s 2016 prenatal care contact recommendation reduces the incidence rate of adverse birth outcomes among pregnant women in northern Ghana
    Leticia Achangebe Akum, Eunice Amina Offei, Mary Rachael Kpordoxah, Daudi Yeboah, Abdul-Nasir Issah, Michael Boah, Sanjoy Kumer Dey
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(6): e0285621.     CrossRef
Analysis of Differences in Preterm Birth Rates According to Household Occupation in Japan From 2007 to 2019
Tasuku Okui, Naoki Nakashima
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(4):371-378.   Published online June 20, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.178
  • 2,232 View
  • 93 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
No studies have examined the association between preterm birth rates and socioeconomic factors in Japan using nationwide statistical data. We analyzed the association between preterm birth rates and household occupation using Vital Statistics data.
Methods
Aggregated Vital Statistics data from Japan from 2007 to 2019 were obtained from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. From the data, the number of births according to year, age group, gestational period, number of pregnancies, and household occupation were used in this study. Crude preterm birth rates and preterm birth rates adjusted by maternal age according to household occupation were calculated for each year. Poisson regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between household occupation and preterm births.
Results
Unemployed households had the highest preterm birth rate, and households with an occupation classification of “full-time worker 2” (an employee at a large company, civil servant, or board member) had the lowest preterm birth rate throughout each period. Poisson regression analysis revealed that unemployed households were statistically significantly associated with a high preterm birth risk. In contrast, the preterm birth rate adjusted by maternal age remained stable throughout each period regardless of household occupation, and preterm birth rates were found not to have increased in recent years in Japan.
Conclusions
Unemployed households had higher preterm birth rates than other household occupations. Further studies investigating the characteristics of unemployed households are needed to identify the reasons for this disparity.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Analysis of an Association between Preterm Birth and Parental Educational Level in Japan Using National Data
    Tasuku Okui
    Children.2023; 10(2): 342.     CrossRef
  • Association of maternal nationality with preterm birth and low birth weight rates: analysis of nationwide data in Japan from 2016 to 2020
    Tasuku Okui, Yoko Sato, Seiichi Morokuma, Naoki Nakashima
    Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Does the father’s job matter? Parental occupation and preterm birth in Korea
    Taemi Kim, Eunseon Gwak, Bolormaa Erdenetuya, Jeong-Won Oh, Jung-won Yoon, Myoung-Hee Kim, Jia Ryu, Seung-Ah Choe
    Epidemiology and Health.2023; 45: e2023078.     CrossRef
Adverse Birth Outcomes Among Pregnant Women With and Without COVID-19: A Comparative Study From Bangladesh
Sumaya Binte Masud, Faiza Zebeen, Dil Ware Alam, Mosharap Hossian, Sanjana Zaman, Rowshan Ara Begum, Mohammad Hayatun Nabi, Mohammad Delwer Hossain Hawlader
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(6):422-430.   Published online October 21, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.432
  • 6,940 View
  • 249 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Pregnant women are especially vulnerable to respiratory infections such as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but insufficient research has investigated pregnancy and its outcomes in women with COVID-19. This cross-sectional study compared birth outcomes related to COVID-19 between Bangladeshi pregnant women with and without COVID-19.
Methods
The study was conducted at 3 tertiary referral hospitals in Dhaka, Bangladesh, from March to August 2020. Pregnant women admitted for delivery at these hospitals with laboratory results (reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction) were analyzed. Using convenience sampling, we included 70 COVID-19-positive and 140 COVID-19-negative pregnant women. Trained and experienced midwives conducted the interviews. Data were analyzed using the t-test, the chi-square test, and univariate and multivariable linear and logistic regression.
Results
Pregnant women with COVID-19 were more likely to give birth to a preterm baby (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.15; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06 to 4.37) and undergo a cesarean section (aOR, 3.27; 95% CI, 1.51 to 7.07). There were no significant differences in birth weight, premature rupture of membranes, and the Apgar score at 1 minute or 5 minutes post-delivery between women with and without COVID-19. All the newborn babies who were born to COVID-19-positive women were COVID-19-negative.
Conclusions
Our study suggests that pregnant women with COVID-19 were more likely to give birth to a preterm baby and undergo a cesarean section. For this reason, physicians should be particularly cautious to minimize adverse birth outcomes among pregnant women with COVID-19 and their newborn babies.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • COVID-19 vaccine decision-making among pregnant and lactating women in Bangladesh
    Rupali J. Limaye, Prachi Singh, Alicia Paul, Berhaun Fesshaye, Clarice Lee, Eleonor Zavala, Sydney Wade, Hasmot Ali, Hafizur Rahman, Shirina Akter, Ruth Karron, Towfida Jahan Siddiqua
    Vaccine.2023; 41(26): 3885.     CrossRef
  • The coronavirus disease 2019 infection in pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Yeonsong Jeong, Min-A Kim
    Obstetrics & Gynecology Science.2023; 66(4): 270.     CrossRef
  • Sources of COVID-19 Vaccine Promotion for Pregnant and Lactating Women in Bangladesh
    Berhaun Fesshaye, Sydney A. Wade, Clarice Lee, Prachi Singh, Eleonor Zavala, Hasmot Ali, Hafizur Rahman, Towfida Jahan Siddiqua, Shirina Atker, Ruth A. Karron, Rupali J. Limaye
    Vaccines.2023; 11(8): 1387.     CrossRef
  • Impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women and their babies: clinical and epidemiological features
    María José Vidal, Èrica Martínez-Solanas, Sergi Mendoza, Núria Sala, Mireia Jané, Jacobo Mendioroz, Pilar Ciruela
    Gaceta Sanitaria.2023; 37: 102332.     CrossRef
  • An outbreak of infection due to severe acute respiratory corona virus-2 in a neonatal unit from a low and middle income setting
    Firdose Lambey Nakwa, Reenu Thomas, Alison van Kwawegen, Nandi Ntuli, Karabo Seake, Samantha Jane Kesting, Noela Holo Bertha Kamanga, Dikeledi Maureen Kgwadi, Neema Chami, Tshiamo Mogajane, Claude Ondongo-Ezhet, Thulisile Nelly Maphosa, Stephanie Jones, V
    Frontiers in Pediatrics.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Daytime Napping and Nighttime Sleep During Pregnancy and Preterm Birth in Iran
Farnaz Shaliha, Maryam Mozaffari, Faeze Ramezani, Hamideh Hajnasiri, Farnoosh Moafi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(3):182-189.   Published online March 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.372
  • 4,465 View
  • 151 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study investigated the relationship between sleep quality during pregnancy and preterm birth.
Methods
This longitudinal study was conducted between August 2018 and May 2019. The participants were 150 pregnant women who had been referred to 7 healthcare centers in the city of Qazvin, Iran and met the inclusion criteria. The Petersburg Sleep Quality Index, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and 2 questions about daytime sleep status and a demographic questionnaire were administered at 14-18 weeks and 28-32 weeks of gestation. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test, the Fisher exact test, and univariate and multivariable logistic regression.
Results
In the present study, poor sleep quality affected 84.7% of the participants at 14-18 weeks and 93.3% at 28-32 weeks of gestation. The final model for preterm birth prediction incorporated age and the Petersburg Sleep Quality Index score in the second and third trimesters. Preterm birth increased by 14% with each unit increase in age. With each unit increase in the Petersburg Sleep Quality Index score in the second and third trimesters, preterm birth increased by 42% and 28%, respectively, but the p-values of these factors were not significant.
Conclusions
Although a significant percentage of pregnant women had poor sleep quality, no significant relationship was found between sleep quality during pregnancy and preterm birth.
Summary

Citations

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  • Managing Maternal Fatigue During Childbirth: A Systematic Review
    Kunnikar Chaisitsanguan, Puangpaka Kongwattananon, Dawn Hawthrone
    Current Women s Health Reviews.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Birth Patterns and Delayed Breastfeeding Initiation in Indonesia
Tika Dwi Tama, Erni Astutik, Septa Katmawanti, Jauhari Oka Reuwpassa
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):465-475.   Published online October 26, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.212
  • 4,405 View
  • 166 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study was conducted to examine the association between birth patterns (defined in terms of birth order and interval) with delayed breastfeeding initiation in Indonesia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using data from the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey 2017. The weighted number of respondents was 5693 women aged 15-49 years whose youngest living child was less than 2 years old. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to evaluate associations between birth patterns and delayed breastfeeding initiation after adjusting for other covariates. Results: This study found that 40.2% of newborns in Indonesia did not receive timely breastfeeding initiation. Birth patterns were significantly associated with delayed breastfeeding initiation. Firstborn children had 77% higher odds of experiencing delayed breastfeeding initiation (adjusted odds ratio, 1.77; 95% confidence interval, 1.02 to 3.04; p<0.05) than children with a birth order of 4 or higher and a birth interval ≤ 2 years after adjusting for other variables. Conclusions: Firstborn children had higher odds of experiencing delayed breastfeeding initiation. Steps to provide a robust support system for mothers, especially first-time mothers, such as sufficient access to breastfeeding information, support from family and healthcare providers, and national policy enforcement, will be effective strategies to ensure better practices regarding breastfeeding initiation.
Summary

Citations

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  • Modeling spatial determinants of initiation of breastfeeding in Ethiopia: A geographically weighted regression analysis
    Samuel Hailegebreal, Yosef Haile, Binyam Tariku Seboka, Ermias Bekele Enyew, Tamiru Shibiru, Zeleke Abebaw Mekonnen, Shegaw Anagaw Mengiste, James Mockridge
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(9): e0273793.     CrossRef
  • The Intervention of Maternal Nutrition Literacy Has the Potential to Prevent Childhood Stunting: Randomized Control Trials
    Sirajuddin, Saifuddin Sirajuddin, Amran Razak, Ansariadi, Ridwan M Thaha, Toto Sudargo
    Journal of Public Health Research.2021; 10(2): jphr.2021.2235.     CrossRef
Effects of Socio-demographic Factors on the Decreasing Trend in the Sex Ratio at Birth in Korea, 1997-2017
Jisuk Bae
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(5):371-380.   Published online August 7, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.282
  • 3,024 View
  • 97 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study investigated the effects of socio-demographic factors on the decreasing trend in the sex ratio at birth from 1997 to 2017 in Korea.
Methods
Data from 10 349 602 live births registered with Statistics Korea from 1997 to 2017 were analyzed. The secondary sex ratio (SSR), defined as the ratio of male to female live births, during the study period (1997-1999 [phase I], 2000-2002 [phase II], 2003-2005 [phase III], 2006-2008 [phase IV], 2009-2011 [phase V], 2012-2014 [phase VI], and 2015-2017 [phase VII]) was calculated according to selected socio-demographic factors, such as parental age, education, occupation, and birth order. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals for a male birth after adjusting for potential confounders.
Results
The SSR gradually decreased from 1.10 (in 1998-2000 and 2002) to 1.05 (in 2013-2016). While a decreasing trend in the SSR was not noted among first births, male-biased sex ratios were prominent among third and higher-order births, for which the highest SSR was 1.46 in 1998. Higher birth order was significantly associated with an excess of male births in phases I-VI (≥third vs. first, OR range, 1.03 to 1.35). Advanced maternal age was significantly associated with an excess of female births in phases II, III, and V (≥40 vs. 20-24 years, OR range, 0.92 to 0.95).
Conclusions
This study demonstrated that advanced maternal age and reduction of the artificially-biased SSR among third and higher-order births may partially explain the decreasing trend in the SSR from 1997 to 2017 in Korea.
Summary
Factors Associated With Stillbirth Among Pregnant Women in Nepal
Mahesh Bhusal, Nirmal Gautam, Apiradee Lim, Phattrawan Tongkumchum
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(3):154-160.   Published online April 24, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.270
  • 5,701 View
  • 256 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Stillbirth is a common adverse pregnancy outcome that represents a distressing and traumatic event for women and their partners. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with stillbirth in ever-pregnant women in Nepal.
Methods
This study utilized the individual women’s dataset from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, conducted in 2016. The dependent variable of interest was whether women had at least 1 stillbirth during their lifetime. The associations between independent variables and the dependent variable of the study were analyzed using a multiple logistic regression model.
Results
Among 8918 ever-pregnant women aged 15-49 years, 488 had experienced at least 1 stillbirth during their lifetime, representing 5.5% of the total. After adjusting each factor for the confounding effects of other factors, maternal age, maternal education, place of residence, and sub-region remained significantly associated with having experienced stillbirth.
Conclusions
Stillbirth continues to be a major problem among women, especially those with higher maternal age, those who are illiterate, and residents of certain geographical regions. To minimize stillbirth in Nepal, plans and policies should be focused on women with low education levels and residents of rural areas, especially in the western mountain and far-western hill regions.
Summary

Citations

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  • Trends and risk factors of stillbirth among women of reproductive age in Pakistan: A multivariate decomposition analysis
    Abeera Shakeel, Asifa Kamal, Muhammad Ijaz, Maryam Siddiqa, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Tahani Abushal
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Potential Factors Associated with Stillbirth among Babies Born in Hospitals of North Shoa, Oromia, Ethiopia, 2021 Based on Cross-sectional Study Design
    Mogos Beya, Adugna Alemu, Dejene Edosa, Mathewos Mekonnen
    The Open Public Health Journal.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Timing of perinatal death; causes, circumstances, and regional variations among reviewed deaths in Ethiopia
    Neamin Tesfay, Rozina Tariku, Alemu Zenebe, Girmay Hailu, Muse Taddese, Fitsum Woldeyohannes, Melkamu Merid Mengesha
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(5): e0285465.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic status and health behavior in children and adolescents: a systematic literature review
    Nirmal Gautam, Getenet Dessie, Mohammad Mafizur Rahman, Rasheda Khanam
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessing the Role of Socioeconomic Factors and Place of Residence on the Burden of Stillbirth in India: A Comprehensive Review
    Shardhanjali Sinha, Prakash Ranjan Mondal, Vipin Gupta
    The Open Public Health Journal.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Incidence and sociodemographic, living environment and maternal health associations with stillbirth in a tertiary healthcare setting in Kano, Northern Nigeria
    Rebecca Milton, F. Modibbo, D. Gillespie, F. I. Alkali, A. S. Mukaddas, A. Kassim, F. H. Sa’ad, F. M. Tukur, R. Y. Khalid, M. Y. Muhammad, M. Bello, C. P. Edwin, E. Ogudo, K. C. Iregbu, L. Jones, K. Hood, P. Ghazal, J. Sanders, B. Hassan, F. J. Belga, T.
    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of stillbirth and its associated factors in East Africa: generalized linear mixed modeling
    Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Zemenu Tadesse Tessema, Koku Sisay Tamirat, Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale
    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Determinants of stillbirth in Felege-Hiwot comprehensive specialized referral hospital, North-west, Ethiopia, 2019
    Daniel Tarekegn Worede, Gizachew Worku Dagnew
    BMC Research Notes.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
Impact of Changes in Maternal Age and Parity Distribution on the Increasing Trends in the Low Birth Weight and Very Low Birth Weight Rates in South Korea, 2005-2015
Yujin Oh, Jisuk Bae
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(2):123-130.   Published online March 14, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.247
  • 5,406 View
  • 170 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of shifts in maternal age and parity on the increasing trends in the low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW) rates from 2005 to 2015 in South Korea.
Methods
Data from 4 993 041 live births registered with Statistics Korea during the period between 2005 and 2015 were analyzed. Applying a modified standardization method, we partitioned the total increment in the LBW and VLBW rates into (1) the increase in the LBW and VLBW rates due to changes in the maternal age and parity distribution (AP-dis) and (2) the increase due to changes in the age-specific and parity-specific rates (AP-spe) of LBW and VLBW for singleton and multiple births, respectively.
Results
During the study period, the total increment in the LBW and VLBW rates was 1.43%p and 0.25%p, respectively. Among singleton births, changes in the AP-dis accounted for 79% (0.34%p) and 50% (0.06%p) of the total increment in the LBW and VLBW rates, respectively. Meanwhile, among multiple births, changes in the AP-dis did not contribute to the increase in the LBW and VLBW rates, with 100% of the increase in the LBW (1.00%p) and VLBW (0.13%p) rates being attributed to changes in the AP-spe.
Conclusions
This study demonstrated that shifts in maternal age and parity were prominent contributors to the increase in the LBW and VLBW rates among singleton births between 2005 and 2015 in South Korea.
Summary
Korean summary
우리나라 출생자료를 이용하여 2005년부터 2015년까지 한국인 저출생체중아 및 극소저출생체중아 발생률 증가에서 1) 산모연령 및 출산순위 분포변화에 기인하는 부분과 2) 이들 분포변화 이외의 요인에 기인하는 부분을 수정된 표준화법을 적용하여 평가하였다. 분석 결과, 단태아에서 저출생체중아 발생률 증가량의 79% (0.34%p), 극소저출생체중아 발생률 증가량의 50% (0.06%p)가 산모연령 및 출산순위 분포변화에 기인한 것으로 나타났다. 반면, 다태아에서는 저출생체중아 및 극소저출생체중아 발생률 증가량의 100% (저출생체중아 1.00%p, 극소저출생체중아 0.13%p)가 이들 분포변화 이외의 요인에 기인한 것으로 나타났다.

Citations

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  • Birth weight following pregnancy wildfire smoke exposure in more than 1.5 million newborns in Brazil: A nationwide case-control study
    Weeberb J. Requia, Heresh Amini, Matthew D. Adams, Joel D. Schwartz
    The Lancet Regional Health - Americas.2022; 11: 100229.     CrossRef
  • Incidence, prevalence, and global burden of autism spectrum disorder from 1990 to 2019 across 204 countries
    Marco Solmi, Minjin Song, Dong Keon Yon, Seung Won Lee, Eric Fombonne, Min Seo Kim, Seoyeon Park, Min Ho Lee, Jimin Hwang, Roberto Keller, Ai Koyanagi, Louis Jacob, Elena Dragioti, Lee Smith, Christoph U. Correll, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Giovanni Croatto, Andre
    Molecular Psychiatry.2022; 27(10): 4172.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of adverse birth outcomes and associated factors in Jazan, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study
    Fatimah H. Dallak, Ibrahim M. Gosadi, Wejdan N. Haidar, Amjad A. Durayb, Abeer R. Alomaish, Atheer H. Alshamakhi, Raoud M. Khormi, Ali H. Almudeer, Majed A. Alibrahim
    Medicine.2022; 101(41): e31119.     CrossRef
  • The Korean Pregnancy Outcome Study (KPOS): Study Design and Participants
    Hansol Choi, Dong Wook Kwak, Min Hyoung Kim, Su Young Lee, Jin Hoon Chung, You Jung Han, Hee Jin Park, Moon Young Kim, Dong Hyun Cha, Seul Koo, Joong-Yeon Lim, Hyun Mee Ryu, Hyun-Young Park
    Journal of Epidemiology.2021; 31(6): 392.     CrossRef
  • Maternal age and risk of early neonatal mortality: a national cohort study
    Yoo-Na Kim, Dong-Woo Choi, Dong Seop Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Ja-Young Kwon
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Modeling the Effect of Mother's Characteristics on the Weight of a Newborn
    Oluwafemi Samson Balogun, Donald Douglas Atsa'am, Toluwalase Janet Akingbade, Emmanuel Awuni Kolog, Richard O. Agjei, Samuel Nii Odoi Devine
    International Journal of Childbirth.2020; 10(4): 206.     CrossRef
Risk Reduction of Breast Cancer by Childbirth, Breastfeeding, and Their Interaction in Korean Women: Heterogeneous Effects Across Menopausal Status, Hormone Receptor Status, and Pathological Subtypes
Seok Hun Jeong, Yoon Suk An, Ji-Yeob Choi, Boyoung Park, Daehee Kang, Min Hyuk Lee, Wonshik Han, Dong Young Noh, Keun-Young Yoo, Sue K. Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2017;50(6):401-410.   Published online November 10, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.17.152
  • 8,350 View
  • 262 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of childbirth, breastfeeding, and their interaction with breast cancer (BC) risk reduction, and to evaluate the heterogeneity in the BC risk reduction effects of these factors by menopause, hormone receptor (HR) status, and pathological subtype.
Methods
BC patients aged 40+ from the Korean Breast Cancer Registry in 2004-2012 and controls from the Health Examinee cohort participants were included in this study after 1:1 matching (12 889 pairs) by age and enrollment year. BC risk according to childbirth, breast-feeding, and their interaction was calculated in logistic regression models using odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).
Results
BC risk decreased with childbirth (3+ childbirths relative to 1 childbirth: OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.56 to 0.78 and OR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.68 to 0.95 in postmenopausal and premenopausal women, respectively); and the degree of risk reduction by the number of children was heterogeneous according to menopausal status (p-heterogeneity=0.04), HR status (p-heterogeneity<0.001), and pathological subtype (p-heterogeneity<0.001); whereas breastfeeding for 1-12 months showed a heterogeneous association with BC risk according to menopausal status, with risk reduction only in premenopausal women (p-heterogeneity<0.05). The combination of 2 more childbirths and breastfeeding for ≥13 months had a much stronger BC risk reduction of 49% (OR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.45 to 0.58).
Conclusions
This study suggests that the combination of longer breastfeeding and more childbirths reduces BC risk more strongly, and that women who experience both 2 or more childbirths and breastfeed for ≥13 months can reduce their BC risk by about 50%.
Summary

Citations

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Distribution and Determinants of Low Birth Weight in Developing Countries
Rashidul Alam Mahumud, Marufa Sultana, Abdur Razzaque Sarker
J Prev Med Public Health. 2017;50(1):18-28.   Published online December 27, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.087
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major public health concern, especially in developing countries, and is frequently related to child morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to identify key determinants that influence the prevalence of LBW in selected developing countries.
Methods
Secondary data analysis was conducted using 10 recent Demography and Health Surveys from developing countries based on the availability of the required information for the years 2010 to 2013. Associations of demographic, socioeconomic, community-based, and individual factors of the mother with LBW in infants were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Results
The overall prevalence of LBW in the study countries was 15.9% (range, 9.0 to 35.1%). The following factors were shown to have a significant association with the risk of having an LBW infant in developing countries: maternal age of 35 to 49 years (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.2 to 3.1; p<0.01), inadequate antenatal care (ANC) (aOR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.8; p<0.01), illiteracy (aOR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.7; p<0.001), delayed conception (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.4 to 2.5; p<0.001), low body mass index (aOR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.2 to 2.1; p<0.001) and being in the poorest socioeconomic stratum (aOR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1 to 1.8; p<0.001).
Conclusions
This study demonstrated that delayed conception, advanced maternal age, and inadequate ANC visits had independent effects on the prevalence of LBW. Strategies should be implemented based on these findings with the goal of developing policy options for improving the overall maternal health status in developing countries.
Summary

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Risk Factors for Preterm Birth and Low Birth Weight Among Pregnant Indian Women: A Hospital-based Prospective Study
Chaitanya Tellapragada, Vandana Kalwaje Eshwara, Parvati Bhat, Shashidhar Acharya, Asha Kamath, Shashikala Bhat, Chythra Rao, Sathisha Nayak, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(3):165-175.   Published online May 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.022
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The present study was undertaken to study the maternal risk factors for preterm birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW) with a special emphasis on assessing the proportions of maternal genitourinary and periodontal infections among Indian women and their association with adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Methods
A hospital-based prospective study comprising 790 pregnant women visiting the obstetrics clinic for a routine antenatal check-up was undertaken. Once recruited, all study participants underwent clinical and microbiological investigations for genitourinary infections followed by a dental check-up for the presence of periodontitis. The study participants were followed up until their delivery to record the pregnancy outcomes. Infectious and non-infectious risk factors for PTB and LBW were assessed using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis. Independent risk factors for PTB and LBW were reported in terms of adjusted relative risk (ARR) with the 95% confidence interval (CI).
Results
Rates of PTB and LBW in the study population were 7.6% and 11.4%, respectively. Previous preterm delivery (ARR, 5.37; 95% CI, 1.5 to 19.1), periodontitis (ARR, 2.39; 95% CI, 1.1 to 4.9), Oligohydramnios (ARR, 5.23; 95% CI, 2.4 to 11.5), presence of Nugent’s intermediate vaginal flora (ARR, 2.75; 95% CI, 1.4 to 5.1), gestational diabetes mellitus (ARR, 2.91; 95% CI, 1.0 to 8.3), and maternal height <1.50 m (ARR, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.1 to 4.1) were risk factors for PTB, while periodontitis (ARR, 3.38; 95% CI, 1.6 to 6.9), gestational hypertension (ARR, 3.70; 95% CI, 1.3 to 10.8), maternal height <1.50 m (ARR, 2.66; 95% CI, 1.3 to 5.1) and genital infection during later stages of pregnancy (ARR, 2.79; 95% CI, 1.2 to 6.1) were independent risk factors for LBW.
Conclusions
Our study findings underscore the need to consider screening for potential genitourinary and periodontal infections during routine antenatal care in developing countries.
Summary

Citations

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Changes in the Distribution of Maternal Age and Parity and Increasing Trends in the Low Birth Weight Rate in Korea Between 1995 and 2005
Jisuk Bae, Jung Han Park, Yoo Keun Park, Jong-Yeon Kim, Sang-Won Lee, Soon-Woo Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(3):111-117.   Published online May 17, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.3.111
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study measured the impact of shifts in maternal age and parity on the increase in the low birth weight (LBW) rate in Korea.

Methods

We obtained raw data for all 6 397 945 live births registered at the Korea National Statistical Office between 1995 and 2005. We calculated the proportion of increment in the LBW rate due to changes in the distribution of maternal age and parity (AP-dis) and the proportion due to changes in the age- and parity-specific LBW rate (AP-spe).

Results

The LBW rate increased from 3.02% in 1995 to 4.28% in 2005. The multiple birth rate increased from 1.32% to 2.19% during the same period. Of the 1.26% points increment in the LBW rate, 0.64% points occurred among singleton births and 0.62% points occurred among multiple births. Changes in the AP-dis accounted for 50% of the increase in the LBW rate among singleton births, but did not contribute to the increase in the LBW rate among multiple births. The remainder of the total increment in the LBW rate was explained by the increase in the AP-spe.

Conclusions

This study demonstrated that shifts in maternal age and parity among singleton births and increased multiple births were important contributors to the increment in the LBW rate. This study also revealed that the increase in the AP-spe was an equally important contributor as the shifts in maternal age and parity to the increment in the LBW rate among singleton births and was a major contributor among multiple births.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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Placental Superoxide Dismutase, Genetic Polymorphism, and Neonatal Birth Weight.
Yun Chul Hong, Kwan Hee Lee, Moon Whan Im, Young Ju Kim, Eun Hee Ha
J Prev Med Public Health. 2004;37(4):306-311.   Published online November 30, 2004
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The roles of antioxidants in the placenta and genetic susceptibility to oxidant chemicals in relation to neonatal birth weight have not been elucidated. We determined whether the level of placental manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and its genetic polymorphism plays any role in oxidative stress and neonatal birth weight. METHODS: We measured placental MnSOD and determined MnSOD genetic polymorphism among 108 pregnant women who were hospitalized for delivery and their singleton live births in Korea. Main outcome measurements are maternal urinary malondialdehyde (MDA) and birth weight. RESULTS: Maternal urinary concentrations of MDA were significantly associated with neonatal birth weight (P=0.04). The enzyme level of placental MnSOD was also significantly associated with MDA concentration (P=0.04) and neonatal birth weight (P< 0.01). We observed dose-response relationships between placental MnSOD and maternal urinary MDA, and neonatal birth weight after adjusting for maternal weight, height, age, and neonatal sex. After controlling for covariates, MnSOD variant genotype increased maternal urinary MDA concentrations (P< 0.01) and reduced birth weight by 149 gm (P=0.08). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the placental level of MnSOD during pregnancy significantly affects fetal growth by reducing oxidative stress, and that genetic polymorphism of MnSOD probably modulate the effects of oxidants on fetal growth.
Summary
Prenatal Exposure to PM10 and Preterm Birth between 1998 and 2000 in Seoul, Korea.
Eun Hee Ha, Bo Eun Lee, Hye Sook Park, Yun Sang Kim, Ho Kim, Young Ju Kim, Yun Chul Hong, Eun Ae Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2004;37(4):300-305.   Published online November 30, 2004
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The exposure to particulate air pollution during the pregnancy has reported to result in adverse pregnancy outcome such as low birth weight, preterm birth, still birth, and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). We aim to assess whether prenatal exposure of particulate matter less than 10 (m in diameter (PM10) is associated with preterm birth in Seoul, South Korea. METHODS: We included 382, 100 women who delivered a singleton at 25-42 weeks of gestation between 1998 and 2000. We calculated the average PM10 exposures for each trimester period and month of pregnancy, from the first to the ninth months, based on the birth date and gestational age. We used three different models to evaluate the effect of air pollution on preterm birth; the logistic regression model, the generalized additive logistic regression model, and the proportional hazard model. RESULTS: The monthly analysis using logistic regression model suggested that the risks of preterm birth increase with PM10 exposure between the sixth and ninth months of pregnancy and the highest risk was observed in the seventh month (adjusted odds ratio=1.07, 95% CI=1.01- 1.14). We also found the similar results using generalized additive model. In the proportional hazard model, the adjusted odds ratio for preterm births due to PM10 exposure of third trimester was 1.04 (95% CI=0.96-1.13) and PM10 exposure between the seventh month and ninth months of pregnancy was associated with the preterm births. CONCLUSIONS: We found that there were consistent results when we applied the three different models. These findings suggest that air pollution exposure during the third trimester pregnancy has an adverse effect on preterm birth in South Korea.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health